National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior

National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Astrodome
Reference Number 13001099
State Texas
County Harris
Town Houston
Street Address 8400 Kirby Drive
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 1/15/2014
Areas of Significance Architecture, Engineering, Entertainment & Recreation
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Completed in 1965, the Astrodome in Houston, Harris County, Texas, is an engineering marvel of its time. As the first enclosed and air-conditioned sports stadium in the United States, the Astrodome boasted the largest clear span dome at the time of its completion (642 feet). Dubbed the -Eighth Wonder ofthe World,- by the influential Houston Judge Roy M. Hoff1einz, the Astrodome provided over 60,000 seats while it served as home playing field to Major League Baseball's Houston Astros, the National Football League's Houston Oilers, and the University of Houston's Cougars. The Astrodome also served as a multi-use facility for events such as the Houston Livestock Show and Rodeo, boxing matches, tennis matches, concerts, trade-shows, and religious assemblies. The Oilers left Houston after the 1996 season, and the Astros played their last game in the Astrodome in 2000 before moving to Enron Field in downtown Houston. In 2005, the building provided temporary shelter to thousands of residents displaced by HuiTicane Katrina flooding, but the Astrodome has sat unused since then. The Astrodome is nominated under Criterion C at the national level in the areas of Architecture and Engineering for its innovations in clea{-span dome design and construction. It is also nominated under Criterion A in the area of Recreation/Entertainment at the national level as the progenitor of enclosed multi-purpose sports stadiums, now an American sports archetype architectural form, and at the local level of significance for its role in sports and popular entertainment in Houston and the suiTounding region. The period of significance extends from 1965 to 2000, the period during which major-league sporting events were regularly held in the arena. The property meets Criteria Consideration G (Properties that Have Achieved Significance within the Past Fifty Years) as an exceptionally significant example of stadium construction. In April 2006, the National park Service approved Part 1 of a Federal Preservation Tax Incentives application, concuiTing that the building is eligible for listing under these criteria.


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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria