National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior

National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Roanoke River & Railroad Historic District
Reference Number 13000994
State Virginia
County Roanoke
Town Roanoke
Street Address Albemarle Avenue, SE; Fourth Street, SE; Jefferson Street, SE; Walnut Avenue, SE; Williamson Road, SE.
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 12/24/2013
Link to full file
The tract of land along the Roanoke River in Southeast Roanoke developed quickly as an industrial center with the completion ofthe Roanoke & Southern Railway in 1892 and the Virginian Railway line in 1909. The industries that located along these two rail lines reflected the tremendous growth Roanoke experienced with the construction of the railroads. From lumber yards to iron and bridge works, the industries were directly tied to either the construction of the railroad or the many houses built during the early boom years of Roanoke. The Roanoke River & Railroad Historic District is eligible for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places under Criterion A in the areas of commerce, industry, and transportation for its role in the industrial development of the City of Roanoke as it rapidly grew after the construction of the railroad lines. The district is also eligible under Criterion C in the area of architecture as the construction, design, and siting of the various buildings reflects their unique functions and the period in which they were built. The Roanoke River & Railroad Industrial Historic District is significant on the local level for the period from 1892, the completion of the Roanoke & Southern Railway line, to 1959, when the Virginian Railway merged with Norfolk & Western and the station was no longer used for freight or passenger traffic. By this time, the other industries had also ceased to operate in their original capacities.


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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria