National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior

National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Huntland
Reference Number 13000990
State Virginia
County Loudon
Town Middleburg
Street Address 35955 Huntland Farm Road
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 12/24/2013
Link to full file
Nestled in the stunning landscape of Virginia's hunt country, Huntland, originally known as New Lisbon, is an estate of more than 400 acres located near Middleburg in the southern portion of Loudoun County, Virginia. With sweeping vistas across fields devoted to cultivation for nearly two centuries, Huntland includes at its core an 1830s dwelling built by a master brickmason, William Benton, Sr., whose work is associated with buildings in the region, including his dwelling Spring Hill (Benton) and Woodburn, both state and nationally registered, as well as the Unison Methodist Church. Most notably Oak Hill, the home of the nation's fifth president, James Monroe, was also constructed by Benton and is a National Historic Landmark as well as state and nationally registered. But Huntland's most prominent distinction dates from the second decade of the twentieth century when wealthy New Yorker Joseph B. Thomas acquired the Virginia estate and converted and enlarged a relatively modest but stately brick Virginia country dwelling into a Colonial Revival-style masterpiece. At the same time, Thomas, a self-taught expert on all elements of the foxhunting world, constructed arguably one of the most sophisticated kennels and stables to accommodate horses and hounds associated with point-topoint foxhunting in the region. Following lengthy research in both the United States and England into the requirements for an ideal complex, Thomas, with the resources to complete such a task, designed and constructed these noteworthy and massive facilities. Huntland is eligible for the National Register at the local level of significance under Criteria A and C. Eligible under Criterion A in the area of Entertainment/Recreation, Huntland is an extraordinary example of an unusually well-preserved country estate devoted primarily to the esoteric world offoxhunting that reinvigorated the economy of the region in the early 201 centur~ . The property is also eligible under Criterion A in the area of Agriculture for its early-20(1-century complex of large barns and other farm buildings at the center of fields that have been under cultivation by its owners for nearly 180 years. In addition, Huntland is eligible under Criterion C for the unusually high level ofthe quality of Colonial-Revival elements and style associated with the 1915 renovation of the Huntland dwelling by New Y ark architectural firm Peabody, Wilson & Brown, along with the kennels and stables designed by Thomas in 1912-1913. Thomas himself, who was not a professional architect, and working with Claude Haga ofM. D. Morrill, Associates, designed, and was most responsible for, the scale and quality of the buildings constructed to accommodate horses and hounds. In addition, the grounds were designed to include elements such as gates, walls, and terraced gardens that are reminiscent of English manor estates and were probably designed by Peabody, Wilson & Brown. The house and these outbuildings are being meticulously restored to their original grandeur by the present owner.


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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria