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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Wood Mansion House
Reference Number 13000975
State New Jersey
County Cumberland
Town Millville City
Street Address 821 Columbia Avenue
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 12/24/2013
Areas of Significance industry
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Built about 1814, the Wood Mansion House in Millville, Cumberland County, New Jersey is locally significant under criterion B as the residence most strongly associated with the Nlillville careers of industrialists David C. Wood, his half-brother Richard D. Wood, and Richard's son George Wood, who successively owned and stayed in the house when visiting Millville to oversee their multifaceted industrial operations there. As the result of the visions of these three individuals, Millville grew from a small village settled in the late 1700s on the Maurice River to one of the largest industrial centers in the 1800s among New Jerseys three southernmost counties of Salem, Gunberland, and Cape May. David C. Wood (1781-1859) founded an iron furnace there in 1814 that supplied cast iron water pipes to a growing national market. His half-brother Richard D. Wood (1799-1869) took over David's industrial holdings in 1850, erected a 2000'-long dam to increase Millville's water power, and greatly expanded the site by adding a cotton mill, bleachery, glass factory, and gas works. After Richard's death in 1869, his son George (1842-1926), who resided in the house full-time from 1864 to 1870, managed the cotton mill and bleachery, continually updating the facilities and funding other projects that furthered Millville's development.


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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria