National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior

National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Schwartz , Robert E. and Barbara (Vitkuske), House
Reference Number 13000799
State Michigan
County Midland
Town Midland
Street Address 3201 W . Sugnet Road
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 9/26/2013
Areas of Significance Architecture, Engineering
Link to full file
The Schwartz House is eligible for the National Register of Historic Places under Criterion C at the state level for its association with the Modern architecture movement in Michigan and as a demonstration of the use of the Spiral Generation method of construction developed by the Dow Chemical Company. The house was designed by Midland architect Robert E. Schwartz for himself and his family, and was constructed between the years 1964 and 1967. The Schwartz House possesses significance in the category of Architecture as a rare example in Michigan of the use of the dome form for mid~century residential design. The house also exhibits the fundamental characteristics of the Modern Movement including its simple geometric form, lack of applied ornamentation, use of large expanses of glass to bring nature and sunlight into the structure, and its open, free~flowing floor plan. Further, the house possesses significance in the area of Engineering for its innovative structural system and use of alternative building materials and methods. The Schwartz House is an early residential prototype built as a collaborative effort between Schwartz and the Dow Chemical Company to provide a home for the architect and demonstrate Dow's proprietary spiral-generation system of construction.


Weekly List Search Page

Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria