National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior

National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Alcove Spring
Reference Number 13000761
State Kansas
County Marshall
Town Blue Rapids
Street Address 4 Mi. N. of Blue Rapids on E. River Rd, east and west sides of the road
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 9/25/2013
Areas of Significance Transportation, Exploration/Settlement
Link to full file
Alcove Spring is nationally significant under Criterion A for its association with transportation and exploration/settlement along the Oregon and California trails and under Criterion D for its potential to yield information about both migration and wagon transportation in eastern Kansas. Post-trail development - both agricultural and road building - has impacted the environs, leaving just the spring and two trail segments intact. The site, which is owned by a non-profit foundation and contains a park commemorating the trail, retains a good degree of integrity in terms of location, setting, feeling, and association. Its period of significance begins with the initiation of traffic over this segment of the Oregon Trail in 1840 and ends in 1860 on the eve of the Civil War, which largely interrupted overland travel through Kansas by emigrants to the west coast.


Weekly List Search Page

Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria