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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Schauwitzer, Carl and Therese, House
Reference Number 13000751
State Wisconsin
County Waukesha
Town Muskego
Street Address S84 W17698 Woods Road
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 9/18/2013
Areas of Significance Architecture
Link to full file
The Charles and Therese Schauwitzer House is nominated to the National Register of Historic Places under Criterion C for local architectural significance. The farmhouse is an excellent and intact example of a vernacular form rural farm residence embellished with carved Italianate style details. This house was among twelve buildings that were surveyed in 1999 along a nearly 5-mile corridor of Woods Road; the survey was conducted as a result of a proposed road reconstruction project. Of the surveyed properties, only two, including the Schauwitzer property, were found to be potentially eligible for the National Register. Sheathed with clapboard, the cruciform-shaped structure features tall-and-narrow windows, many of which are topped with sawn window hoods. Additionally, the house features two original porches with decorative, sawn bracket trim. Although not considered a high-style example, the elaborations found on the Schauwitzer home are well beyond those found on what is considered a ubiquitous form found in rural settings. The extant historic outbuildings ori the property include a small animal barn, a milk house, barn foundation remains, as well as two concrete silo foundations. Although the property is not considered eligible as a farmstead, the outbuildings help us to understand the home's history and evolution in its agricultural setting. The Period of Significance is 1880 to 1942. It begins with the date by which the home achieved its current exterior appearance (1880) and it continues to encompass the dates of the construction for the contributing outbuildings, the last of which was built in the 1940s. The Schauwitzers acquired the property in 1859 and that is the date the first portion of the house is believed to have been constructed.


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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria