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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Cornelius, Charles and Theresa, House
Reference Number 13000749
State Wisconsin
County Clark
Town Neillsville
Street Address 118 Clay Street
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 9/18/2013
Areas of Significance Architecture
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The Charles and Theresa Cornelius House is nominated to the National Register of Historic Places for local significance under criterion C. It is architecturally significant as an excellent example of the Queen Anne Free Classic style. Virginia and Lee McAlester in A Field Guide for American Homes, state that only 35% of Queen Anne houses use classical columns that are found in the Free Classic variant rather than turned porch posts, spindling and lacy spandrels. 5 Built in 1909, fairly late in the Queen Anne era, architect Anton F. Billmeyer utilized classical columns indicative of the new interest in elements of classical vocabulary. 6 The Cornelius House is the largest and perhaps the finest example of Queen Anne architecture in Neillsville. Charles Cornelius's biography in the 1918 History of Clark County, describes the house as being finished in the Colonial Revival style. The period of significance corresponds with the date of construction of the house and its outbuildings. The overall effect of complexity and irregularity distinguishes the Queen Anne from all preceding American styles. Its influence on American architecture survived well into the fir st decade of the twentieth century. However, the early 20th century Queen Anne became more restrain ed and the style became more rectilinear in shape, and adapted decorative elements based on classical precedents.


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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria