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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.

 

Property Name Poland Spring Historic District
Reference Number 13000595
State Maine
County Androscoggin
Town Poland
Street Address 543 Maine Street
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 8/13/2013
Areas of Significance HEALTH/MEDICINE ENTERTAINMENT /RECREATION INDUSTRY
Link to full file https://www.nps.gov/nr/feature/places/pdfs/13000595.pdf
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The Poland Spring Historic District is a recreational resort complex in southern Maine with historic significance in the areas of health and medicine, entertainment and recreation, and industry. With roots in the hospitality industry that stretched to 1794 the resort reached its heyday, in terms of size, popularity and reputation, between 1876 and 1933, although the period of significance starts c. 1869 and continues into the 1960s. The district contains twenty three contributing buildings, four contributing sites, two contributing structures, and one contributing object either built or associated with the resort during that period. There are also three buildings, three sites and two structures that do not contribute to that period or the areas of significance. The resort was an important aspect of the emerging tourism industry in Maine in the 1870s, and the spring water bottled at the resort was renowned first in the northeast and then nationally, both for its taste and curative powers. Both of these factors give the district significance on the state-wide level under Criterion A in the areas of Health and Medicine and Entertainment and Recreation. The Poland Spring Historic District is also significant under Criterion A, Industry for its water-bottling and distribution operation, which enabled a family-owned water source to evolve into one of the most important leaders in the industry into the twenty-first century. As a property type, the resort meets Criterion C as a complex of functionally related buildings that share a historic plan, physical development, and to a lesser extent, an aesthetic vocabulary. While some of the resources have lost integrity of materials through the application of synthetic exterior wall materials or vinyl windows and doors most retain their original plans, massing, and details and/or their historic siting and relationship to each other.

 

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria