|The First Baptist Church in Tiverton is significant at the local level under Criterion A in the area of religion, for its capacity to illustrate the history and evolution of the Baptist denomination in Rhode Island and Massachusetts. Home to one of the oldest Baptist congregations in the country, the church was built during a period of rapid expansion for the denomination and also illustrates the growth of Baptist subsets in the region in the mid-19th century. The First Baptist Church also reflects the historical development of the town of Tiverton and the village of Adamsville, and is therefore significant in the area of community planning and development. In the 1680s, when the congregation was established, present-day Tiverton's location on the outskirts of the Plymouth Colony made it a relatively tolerant place for Baptists. By the mid-19th century, when the current church was built, the village of Adamsville - which includes parts of Tiverton, Little Compton and Westport, Massachusetts- was well-established, and the church was an important community institution. In addition, the First Baptist Church property, with its collection of simple buildings that exhibit a vernacular interpretation of architectural styles, is significant under Criterion C in the area of architecture. The church building itself, with its simple form and restrained Greek-Revival styling, is a little-altered example of a particular class of structures in mid-19th century Rhode Island- the rural church, nearly all of which follow the same form and design.