National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior

National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Sadieville Historic District
Reference Number 13000566
State Kentucky
County Scott
Town Sadieville
Street Address Various addresses, 100-326 College Street, 100-245 Main Street, 350-714 Pike Street, 216 Church Street, 204 Cunningham Street, 131 Johnson Alley, 100-247 Vine Street, and 109-123 Gano Avenue
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 7/30/2013
Areas of Significance Social History, Commerce
Link to full file
The Sadieville Historic District is locally significant under criteria A and C. The property meets Criterion C by being a type of construction, an example of a post-Civil War railroad town and rural commercial center. A railroad town on this line, and most lines in Kentucky, would include only a railway-owned depot, with the townspeople owning and developing the town. This is distinct from railroad towns in the Upper Midwest, which the rail line owned and developed entirely. In the 1870s, construction of the Cincinnati Southern Railway (CSRR) connected Scott County with urban markets centered in Cincinnati and Knoxville. Sadieville developed as construction crews moved through the area and used the crossroads community of Big Eagle as a staging area for their operations. By the mid-1880s, Sadieville possessed a handful of businesses and amenities commonly associated larger towns. Growth continued at a brisk pace in the later decades. Today, the town contains an impressive collection of late Victorian-era and early twentieth-century commercial and domestic architecture. The district's historic significance will be evaluated within the context, Railroad Development in the Kentucky Bluegrass, 1865-1963 In addition, Sadieville has statewide significance under Criterion A, important for its role as a departure point for African American migration to Kansas during the late-1870s. In March 1878, about 150 people from Scott County boarded trains bound for the Great Plains. African Americans from Scott and Fayette counties formed the nucleus ofNicodeumus, the most successful and best-known of the black towns established during the era. The historic district retains integrity from the circa 18 80-1962 period and continues to reflect the history of commercial development and race relations in post-Civil War era Kentucky. This importance of the district will be examined within the context, African Americans in Northern Scott County, 1865-1960


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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria