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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Knight- Taylor- Hockensmith House
Reference Number 13000475
State Kentucky
County Franklin
Town Frankfort
Street Address 4350 Peaks Mill Road
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 6/25/2013
Areas of Significance Architecture
Link to full file
The Knight- Taylor- Hockensmith House (FR-215) is a pair of houses that meet National Register Criterion C, embodying the distinctive characteristics of three types of construction over a passage of time. The pair of houses illustrates the common housing types of the average rural resident of Franklin County during a specific period. This nomination uses the term type to refer to both plan and style. However, this nomination does not follow the conventional view of many nominations, where the value of the property's design resides in one fixed point in time. Neither house on the property is high-style nor is either being interpreted as a static, frozen-intime dwelling. Rather, the change apparent both within and without each house provides a way to look at a socioeconomic class that is infrequently explored or celebrated in terms of lasting architectural value. The journey of the house and secondary dwelling, from log pen to saddlebag, is a story that is seldom told, though was common on the landscape. These were not elite farmers, landed gentry or progressive gentleman farmers. The first part of this story belongs to the middling and subsistence farmer that lacked the disposable income to improve his housing stock, and thus could not raise his perceived local status. By the time the house achieved its final historic appearance, its owner had not climbed much higher on the socioeconomic ladder, but he chose to indulge in an outward display of success - albeit, success .measured on a vastly different plane than most Criterion C National Register listings in Franklin County. The Knight-Taylor-Hockensmith House is locally significant for providing good example of a common sequence of housing changes that defined residential architecture on non-elite farms through most of the nineteenth century.


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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria