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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.

 

Property Name Hamlin Park Historic District
Reference Number 13000462
State New York
County Erie
Town Buffalo
Street Address Beverly Rd. Blaine Ave. Brunswick Blvd, Butler Ave. Daisy PL, Donaldson Rd. E. Delevan Ave. E. Ferry St. Eastwood PL, Elton PL, Florida St. Glendale PL, Goulding Ave, Hager St. Hamlin Rd. Harwood Pl, Hedley Pl. Hughes Ave, Humboldt Pkwy. Jefferson Ave. Lonsdale Rd. Loring Ave. Meech Ave. Mochican Ave. Northland Ave. Oak Grove Ave. Pansy Pl. Pleasant Pl. Regina PL Victor PL Viola Pk & Wohlers Ave
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 7/3/2013
Areas of Significance Community Planning and Development, Architecture
Link to full file https://www.nps.gov/nr/feature/places/pdfs/13000462.pdf
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Hamlin Park is significant under Criterion C for community planning and development and landscape architecture as an illustration of several important aspects of nineteenth and twentieth century subdivision planning in Buffalo. The residential development in the northern section, called the Hager Division, began in the late nineteenth century and contains Olmsted-inspired street layouts and feeling. The southern section initially contained the large Driving Park, but began to develop in 1912 similar to other streetcar neighborhoods in the city after the land was sold in 1912. The district encompasses two neighborhoods that are united by their architectural styles, development patterns, and homebuilders. The district is also significant under Criterion A in social history as a successful example of the Model Cities programs utilization of Baltimore Plan-inspired rehabilitation loan programs in Buffalo. Hamlin Park was heavily influenced by post-World War II demographic shifts in the city, particularly as German, Polish, and Jewish residents migrated to the suburbs, prompting the movement of middle-class African Americans into formerly all-white neighborhoods. Homes in Hamlin Park began to transform according to postwar aesthetics, utilizing wartime savings and disposable income, though many residents also benefitted from funding through the federal Model Cities program in the late 1960s. Developed partly in response to the failure of many urban renewal programs to deliver the kind of city-revitalization envisioned after World War II, Model Cities grants funded both physical projects, such as home improvement and code enforcement, and social ones, such as education and job opportunities, seeking the active involvement of residents in neighborhood improvement. In Hamlin Park, the Model Cities program was crucial in maintaining the housing stock through grants and low interest loans to homeowners who required assistance to make their residences code compliant. Many residents took advantage of the program to replace deteriorated roofs, gutters, porch columns, and windows. As a result of the rehabilitation loans, as well as the community organizations that were encouraged by the Federal program, the housing stock in Hamlin Park has remained largely intact and in good condition, particularly in comparison to adjacent neighborhoods.

 

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria