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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Clough Meeting House
Reference Number 13000438
State Maine
County Androscoggin
Town Lewiston
Street Address 32 South Lisbon Road
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 6/25/2013
Areas of Significance Architecture, Art
Link to full file
The Clough Meeting House was constructed in 1846 by local farmer Henry M. Garcelon (1819-1884) to serve the Second Free Will Baptist Church of Lewiston. Located across the street from the Clough Cemetery, the attractive but austere, one story wood frame building shares many characteristics common to rural mid-nineteenth century houses of worship, including symmetrical composition, few stylistic details and gable-front orientation. However this otherwise vernacular building features a pulpit situated between the front entrances and pews that face the facade rather than the back wall, of the church.This relatively uncommon church arrangement is known as a 'reverse plan', and was used extensively in Maine by Free Will Baptist church organizations. The building specifications detailed by the congregation in 1846 are extant and provide information about another, now destroyed, reverse plan church in a neighboring town. In addition, this well preserved and intact church is notable for its wealth of grain painted interior decoration, including the only known example of smoke painting in the state. The Clough Meeting House is nominated to the National Register of Historic Places at the local level of significance under Criterion C for its architectural significance as the best preserved example of a reverse plan church in Maine, and for the artistic significance embodied in the rare smoke grain decoration. By virtue of the building's use as a place for religious services during its period of significance, Criteria Consideration A also applies.


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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria