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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Naomi & Leona Apartment Buildings
Reference Number 13000436
State Kansas
County Sedgwick
Town Wichita
Street Address 507-509 South Market Street
Multiple Property Submission Name Residential Resources of Wichita, Sedgwick County, Kansas : 1870 - 1957
Status Listed 6/25/2013
Areas of Significance Community Planning and Development, Architecture
Link to full file
The nomination of the Naomi and leona Apartment Buildings to the National Register is under Criterion C, the area of significance in Architecture. These twin apartment buildings, which represent the Conventional low-Rise Apartment property type, were constructed in 1926-1927 by Wichita building contractor Oliver Jackson Mourning (1875-1952). The Naomi and Leona Apartment Buildings are also significant under Criterion A in the area of Community Planning and Development as they relate to the national and local construction of apartment buildings across the United States, a trend that was driven by improved financing possibilities to stimulate housing construction. The buildings typify the popular low-Rise Apartment Buildings that fit conveniently into both commercial and residential areas alike. These Market Street apartments are relevant to the historic contexts identified in the Multiple Property Documentation Form, Residential Resources in Wichita, Sedgwick County, Kansas 1870-1957. The Naomi and Leona apartments represent residential development in the city, reflecting the changing domestic living patterns in Wichita as well as the evolving physical forms of the city's residential buildings.located in the southern part of downtown Wichita, the Naomi and leona are characteristic of apartment buildings that Mourning built and owned during his long career as a developer and contractor in Wichita. Although owner Oliver Mourning originally named the apartment buildings the Naomi and Leona, within about twelve years the names were changed to the Parker Arms and Brentwood apartments.7 The buildings currently bear these names on a small brass plate on the front facade. Mourning lived at the lenora, with his wife, in the early 1930s. By 1939 when the new names were assigned, the buildings were presumably under new ownership. Until recently, both apartments have remained in continuous use as multi-unit residential buildings from the time they were built. In recent years, extensive water damage caused the buildings to become uninhabitable pending rehabilitation.


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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria