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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Ellington Apartment Building
Reference Number 13000435
State Kansas
County Sedgwick
Town Wichita
Street Address 514 S. Main Street
Multiple Property Submission Name Residential Resources of Wichita, Sedgwick County, Kansas : 1870 - 1957
Status Listed 6/25/2013
Areas of Significance Community Planning and Development, Architecture
Link to full file
The nomination of the Ellington Apartment Building to the National Register is under Criterion C for its local significance in Architecture. This building, which represents the Conventional Low-Rise Apartment property type, was constructed in 1927 by Wichita building contractor John H. Wenzel {1869 -1943). The Ellington Apartment Building is also being nominated to the National Register under Criterion A. It is significant locally in the Area of Community Planning and Development as it relates to the construction of apartment buildings across the United States, a trend that was driven nationally by improved financing possibilities to stimulate housing construction. The building typifies the popular Low-Rise apartment buildings that fit conveniently into both commercial and residential areas alike. The Ellington Apartment Building is significant to the historic contexts identified in the Multiple Property Documentation Form, Residential Resources in Wichita, Sedgwick County, Kansas 1870-1957. Specifically, it is associated with residential development in the city. It represents the changing domestic living patterns in Wichita as well as the evolving physical forms of the city's residential buildings. The Ellington characterizes several apartment buildings that Wenzel built and owned during his long career as a developer and contractor in Wichita and it is the only remaining Wenzel building in the downtown area. Many other builders' apartment buildings survive in Wichita in the Riverside, Midtown, Delano, College Hill and East Front neighborhoods. The Ellington Apartment Building is located in downtown Wichita and is near the boundary of the South Central neighborhood.


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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria