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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Rockywold-Deephaven Camps
Reference Number 13000382
State New Hampshire
County Grafton
Town Holderness & Sandwich
Street Address Pinehurst Ro ad
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 6/14/2013
Areas of Significance Entertainment/Recreation, Architecture
Link to full file
It is significant under A in the area of Entertainment/Recreation for its strong associations with the evolution of Squam as a destination for summer homes. The camps were established as two separate family camps by two women, Alice Mabel Bacon and Mary Alice Armstrong, in 1897 and 1902 respectively. Both women were educators and idealists who imbued their camps with their values. In 1918 the camps merged into a single entity under one owner, Mary Armstrong, but always retained separate identities. Of the many organized camps -established on the shoreline ofSquam Lake, none has been as influential or long-lasting as Rockywold-Deephaven Camps. Its underlying philosophy has not changed since first envisioned by its founders: to bring people steeped in the intensity of their professional and urban lives to Squam for a summer immersed in simplicity and nature. The list of summer and permanent residents who were introduced to Squam through RDC, either as a child or adult, is voluminous. More than 100 years after its founding, the camp continues to be deeply entrenched in the Squam community. Rockywold-Deephaven Camps is significant under Criterion Can excellent, if not unique example of a tum-of-the-20th -century organized camp, one that constitutes the largest cluster of rustic cottages at Squam-a primary property type identified and described in the Multiple Property listing entitled --Squam: The Evolution and Preservation of a Lakeside Community.-- The property, both the built resources and natural environment, retains a high level of integrity of location, design, setting, materials, workmanship, feeling and association.


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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria