|Hurricana, or the Sanford Stud Farm, in the Town of Amsterdam, Montgomery County, New York, is eligible for the National Register of Historic Places under Criteria A in area agriculture as a significant site of Thoroughbred breeding and training in New Yorks Mohawk Valley. Hurricana was begun as a stock farm for breed improvement in 1880 by Stephen Sanford (1831-1913), a carpet manufacturer of national renown from the Civil War period until his death in 1913. Sanford and his son John (1851-1939) were the first to successfully breed Thoroughbred horses in this section of the country. They did so by developing architectural and technological innovations to breed and train horses through the coldest parts of the year. The Sanfords raised a significant number of champion horses. After his fathers death, John Sanford took his stable to France. Another Amsterdam, New York, native, Hollie Hughes (1888-1981) became his trainer, and in 1920, when Sanford brought his horses home to Hurricana in Amsterdam, Hughes managed the enterprise. Hughes entered the National Racing Museum Hall of Fame at Saratoga Springs in 1973.