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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name E.M. Hager & Sons Co. Building
Reference Number 13000306
State New York
County Erie
Town Buffalo
Street Address 141 Elm Street (456 Michigan Avenue)
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 5/22/2013
Link to full file
E.M. Hager & Sons Co. Planing Mill is locally significant under Criterion C in Architecture as an intact example of a mid-nineteenth Century manufacturing building that was once common in the City of Buffalo. Buffalo's prominence as a commercial and industrial center in the mid-nineteenth to midtwentieth centuries saw the development of the factory building throughout that time period. The Hager Planing Mill is typical of a mid-nineteenth century building that remained in use for over a century and was minimally adapted to accommodate changing manufacturing techniques. This is one of few planing mills left intact, particularly within the corridor framed by Oak Street, the Kensington Expressway and the Niagara Thruway. The building type was crucial to the development of industry in Buffalo, a major node in manufacturing networks during the nineteenth to mid-twentieth century. Buffalo's siting on the Great Lakes and its location at the terminus of the Erie Canal were advantages that led to the development of industry in the early and mid nineteenth century and the concurrent need for construction of manufacturing buildings. Raw materials from outside of the area were readily available to the factories in the city and manufactured products easily transported to markets throughout the U.S. and even to Europe. As a result, Buffalo became a center for manufacturing with varied industries ranging from soap products to steel and later even a significant manufacturer of automobiles. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Buffalo's advantageous position on local and national rail lines allowed industrial development to expand to an even greater extent. Lines such as the Nickel Plate, the D.L. & W. (Delaware Lackawanna and Western) and Lehigh Valley as well as the New York Central all provided freight service to and from the city. The Hager mill was built to serve a regional manufacturer that was an early participant in Buffalo's growth as an industrial and commercial center.


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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria