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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name 1600 East John Street Apartments
Reference Number 13000278
State Washington
County King
Town Seattle
Street Address 1600 East John Street, Seattle, WA
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 5/14/2013
Areas of Significance ARCHITECTURE
Link to full file
The Anhalt Company Apartment Building at 1600 East John Street in Seattle is one of the largest and among the most significant buildings constructed by builder, developer and designer Frederick William Anhalt (see 1949 photograph at Fig. 1). The property appears to be the last apartment building project that Anhalt's company designed and for which it applied for building permits, and the second-to-last actually completed. It is a representative example of Anhalt's mature work, featuring key elements that characterize his most significant projects, yet it presents a formal composition of elements that suggests the possibility for new directions for his work, if that apartment building career had continued. 1600 East John Street was completed in 1931 at the peak of Frederick William Anhalt's building career, just before his company collapsed in the early years of the Great Depression. The building represents the end point and a representative example of the mature work of this key figure in the history of Seattle residential architecture, incorporating major characteristic features of his work from the 1920's, including one of the most significant interior spaces Anhalt built. Importantly, the building form is more controlled than much of Anhalt's earlier work, expressing a more symmetrical and formal approach to architecture and site planning than was typical of his previous projects. The highly efficient U-shaped exterior building envelope plan emphasizes maximum natural light and flexibility of planning, minimizing interior corridors. The building also includes a formal and symmetrical version of Anhalt's signature garden entry court, a key feature of his most significant apartment projects. 1600 East John Street in some ways suggests certain pre-modem design gestures and presents the possibility that there might have been a new, more formal, more rationalist design direction in Anhalt's design and apartment development career if that work had continued.


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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria