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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Francis Grist Mill
Reference Number 13000228
State North Carolina
County Haywood
Town Waynesville
Street Address 14 Hugh Massie Road, Waynesville, NC
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 05/01/2013
Areas of Significance INDUSTRY
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The Francis Grist Mill, a one-story front-gable structure constructed of heavy timber frame with mortise-and tenon joinery, was built in 1887 in the Francis Cove community of Haywood County. Located a few miles southeast of Waynesville, the county seat, the water-powered mill stands beside a small creek that flows down hill and borders the nominated property. A mill pond, formed by damming the creek upstream and to the south of the mill, fed a partially elevated wooden flume that delivered water to turn the overshot waterwheel. William C. Francis (1810-1894), a builder and mill wright, constructed the mill in 1887, and members of the Francis family continued to operate the mill until 1976. As a result of inactivity, the mill fell into disrepair until it was restored between 2004 and 2008. Rehabilitation of the mill included replacement of the deteriorated east sill and siding on the east elevation, repair of the mill machinery, replacement of the 1914 waterwheel, an accurate reconstruction of the flume, and a modern rebuilding of the dam. Following the restoration, the mill began grinding grain again in April 2008.


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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria