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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Frederick Apartments
Reference Number 13000172
State Missouri
County Boone
Town Columbia
Street Address 1001 University Ave. Columbia, MO
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 04/16/2013
Areas of Significance Architecture
Link to full file
The Frederick Apartments, built in 1928 at 1001 University Avenue in Columbia, Missouri, is one of the largest early 20th century urban apartment buildings in central Columbia. It is locally significant under National Register Criterion C, in the area of Architecture. The period of significance for the property corresponds with the construction date, 1928. This is one of four such building identified as individually eligible in a survey of the area that was conducted in 2009. Built during a period of rapid expansion in Columbia, those new apartment buildings were among the first in the city to offer middle class housing in a multi-family setting. Early residents of the Frederick Apartments included owners and employers of businesses located in nearby downtown Columbia, as well as faculty of the University of Missouri and other area colleges. The building features Classical Revival styling rendered by architect David Frederick Wallace, who was under thirty when the building was constructed. Wallace's strongest claim to fame is arguably based upon family more than architecture; he was Harry Truman's brother-in-law, and was living in Independence with Truman when he designed the Frederick Apartments. The building itself reflects relationships within another family. Built by community leader F. W. Niedermeyer as a memorial to his son Frederick Niedermeyer, Jr., the building stands as a monument to both men. F. W. Niedermeyer was active in civic and business affairs in Columbia for decades in the early 20th century. His oldest son, Frederick Niedermeyer, Jr. was a celebrated WWI pilot who died in a plane crash in 1925. The building has seen remarkably few changes since the 1920s and it offers a highly intact example of what was then a new property type in Columbia, the middle class urban apartment building.


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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria