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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Point of Rocks -- Middle Spring Santa Fe Trail Historic District
Reference Number 13000151
State Kansas
County Morton
Town Elkhart
Street Address 2.5 mi. S. of K-51 Hwy and 2 mi. W. of K-27 Hwy
Multiple Property Submission Name Santa Fe Trail MPS
Status Listed 4/10/2013
Areas of Significance Transportation, Commerce, Social History
Link to full file
The Point of Rocks-Middle Spring Historic District is nationally significant as a collection of historic resources of the Santa Fe Trail under Criterion A for its association with transportation and commerce along the Santa Fe Trail from 1822 to 1868 and for its association with the commemoration of the trail by the Kansas Society Daughters of the American Revolution from 1906 to 1914. The associated trail segments, landmark Point of Rocks, and Middle Spring are also nationally significant under Criterion D for their yielding of and potential to yield information on the use of the trail during the district's initial period of significance. This district's trail segments, navigational aid (Point of Rocks), natural amenity (Middle Spring), marker, and contributing land area retain a good degree of integrity in terms of location, setting, feeling, and association. The period of significance begins with the initiation of wagon movement over this segment of the Cimarron Route in 1822 and ends with the arrival of the Union Pacific Eastern Division Railroad at the town of Sheridan, Kansas in June 1868. This site materially reflects important historic events outlined in the historic contexts International Trade on the Mexican Road, 1821-1846; The Mexican-American War and the Santa Fe Trail, 1846-1848; Expanding National Trade on the Santa Fe Trail, 1848-1861; The Effects of the Civil War on the Santa Fe Trail, 1861-1865; The Santa Fe Trail and the Railroad, 1865-1880; and Commemoration and Reuse of the Santa Fe Trail, 1880-1987, as well as The Santa Fe Trail in Kansas.

Any Associated Files
Santa Fe Trail MPS


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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria