National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior

National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name John Fox Slater Elementary School
Reference Number 13000144
State District of Columbia
County Washington
Town Washington
Street Address 45 P Street, NW, Washington, DC
Multiple Property Submission Name Public School Buildings of Washington. D.C. 1862-1960 MPS
Status Listed 04/09/2013
Areas of Significance Ethnic Heritage/African American, Architecture
Link to full file
Slater Elementary School is a purpose-built public school building constructed in 1891 for African-American students. Built when public education was segregated by race, it forms part of a complex of black schools along First Street, NW between Land P Streets. The school is named for John Fox Slater (1815-1884), a white industrialist and philanthropist from Rhode Island. In the school's eight-classroom building, representing grades one through eight, the course of study was fairly standard, including language arts, penmanship, grammar, arithmetic, algebra, geography, history, physiology, physical science, nature study, physical exercises, music, moral training, and practical life skills. When Slater opened in 1891, it was almost immediately overcrowded with students from the surrounding community clearly indicating its necessity in educating the city's African American students.


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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria