National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior

National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name The Bowery Historic District
Reference Number 13000027
State New York
County New York
Town Manhattan
Street Address The Bowery, from Chatham Square to Cooper Square, Manhattan, NY
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 02/20/2013
Areas of Significance Architecture, ENTERTAINMENT/RECREATION, Ethnic Heritage, Settlement & Development, Social History, Transporation
Link to full file
The Bowery is a palimpsest of New York City history. Characterized by a both continuity and change over four centuries ofEuro-American history, the Bowery is among New York's most architecturally diverse and historically significant streetscape. Its ancient, irregular route arcs through a later-imposed street grid, while four centuries of architectural resources continue to reflect its iconic place in American history and culture. This broad and distinctive avenue and its variety of associated buildings and sites remains a richly layered repository of social, economic, political, cultural and architectural history. The Bowery itself is one of the original roads of New Amsterdam and the first road connecting the nascent Dutch settlement to outlying lands and settlements beyond Manhattan. The Bowery was created by the builders of the city-not just physically, but economically, politically, and culturally. The first Free African settlement in New York was made on the Bowery, paradoxically, on a street also populated concurrently by the wealthy European gentry. As New York was remade as a city of immigrants in the nineteenth century, the Bowery became a catalyst and incubator of subcultural expression for the Nativist Bowery Boy as well as German, Irish, Italian, Chinese, and Jewish immigrants; entertainers and performers; Gay New Yorkers; the transient and homeless; and artists and musicians of the twentieth century.


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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria