National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior

National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Dr. John Vermeule House
Reference Number 13000024
State New Jersey
County Somerset
Town Green Brook Township
Street Address 223 Rock Avenue, Green Brook Township, New Jersey
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 02/20/2013
Areas of Significance ARCHITECTURE
Link to full file
A landmark from Green Brook's rural past, the Dr. John Vermeule House is a well-preserved expression of domestic building practice of the East New Jersey culture during that period, reflecting a blend of English and Dutch traditions as well as Georgian and Federal style influences. The dwelling's symmetrical center-entry Georgian faade, for example, masks a folk floor plan that exhibits both New England and Dutch antecedents, reflects social divisions between family and servants and provides appropriately detailed space for household work and'olite activities. The house retains a number of notable early features, in particular the elaborately carved parlr mantel, an exuberant folk interpretation of high style Adamesque designs, and the extensive assemblage of secure, well-ventilated cellar store rooms, a rare, if not unique survivor, evocative of the food production/ storage affarlgements of early rural household of central New Jersey, as well as the relationship between masters and slaves or other servants. The property's period of signif,rcance extends from c.1787, the earliest year in which its construction, based on dendrochronological analysis, could have occurred, and 1850, by which year estate records and physical evidence establish that the main block had achieved its present appearance. Late lgth and 20th century alterations are relatively minor and are insufficient to compromises the dwelling's architectural integrity. The house meets Criterion C, with local significance in architectural history. In addition, archaeological resources relating to the property's 18 and 19-century material culture may be present, particularly around the house, where a small area of brick pavement may be associated with a long-lost detached kitchen or kitchen wing whose existence has been documented by 1S50 estate records, and in the vicinity of the former complex of outbuildings at the northwest corner of the lot.


Weekly List Search Page

Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria