[graphic] National American Indian Heritage Month, National Register of Historic Places, National Park Service[graphic] N P S arrowhead, a link to the N P S website

[graphic] Strengthening the Spirit

Alaska Native women from the village that is part of the Bering Land Bridge National Preserve in Alaska
National Park Service Historic Photograph Collection
The National Register of Historic Places is pleased to promote awareness of and appreciation for the history and culture of American Indians and Alaska Natives during National American Indian Heritage Month. This month is dedicated to recognizing the intertribal cultures, the events and lifeways, the designs and achievements of American Indians and Alaska Natives. As part of the observance, this site showcases historic properties listed in the National Register, National Register publications, and National Park units. Join the National Register in paying powerful tribute to the spirit of American Indians and Alaska Natives, and their contributions to our history.

[graphic] Featured Properties

[photo] Ponca Tribal Self-Help Community Building Historic District, Nebraska
Photo courtesy of the Nebraska State Historic Preservation Office


Ponca Tribal Self-Help Community Building Historic District, Nebraska
A meeting place, learning and cultural center for the Ponca Tribe

Southwestern Range and Sheep Breeding Laboratory Historic District, New Mexico
Part of a New Deal program to improve sheep breeding and wool production and preserve Navajo culture

Campus Center, Alaska
Site of the Alaska Federation of Natives conference of 1971


[graphic] Publications

This drawing is from the Lewis and Clark journal entry for August 13, 1805. The entry describes the meeting of Lewis and his scouting party with the Lemhi Shoshones, including a vivid description of the pipe smoking ritual of friendship with a sketch of this unique pipe. This drawing is featured in one of the TwHP lesson plans for National American Indian Heritage Month. You can also learn more about Lewis and Clark and their encounters with different American Indian tribes in our our Lewis and Clark Expedition travel itinerary.
American Philosophical Society Photograph
Teaching with Historic Places
This program offers a series of award-winning lesson plans that use places listed in the National Register to enliven the study of history, social studies, and geography. TwHP has seven ready-to-use lesson plans, available for free downloading, that examine different aspects of American Indian history. Titles include:

Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado, featured in the American Southwest travel itinerary
Photo taken by and courtesy of Shannon Bell

National Register Travel Itineraries
Travel to historic places that convey the rich cultural heritage of our American Indian population with inspiring stories of their perseverance across America.

American Southwest
American Indians were the first explorers and settlers of the Southwest. Learn more about their distinctive cultures they established here.

  • Three Historic Nevada Cities: Carson City, Reno, Virginia City
    Learn about the period in our history when Nevada's American Indian children were forced to attend schools like the Stewart Indian School.
  • Lewis and Clark Expedition
    The places highlighted in this itinerary reflect the numerous American Indian groups the explorers met during their Corps of Discovery. These places also tell the stories of Sacagawea and tribes like the Mandan, Hidatsa and Nez Perce who provided invaluable assistance to the explorers.
  • Pipestone, Minnesota
    This itinerary features historic places in Pipestone County, located in the south west corner of Minnesota. This area reflects a rich history of American Indian quarrying, prosperity brought by the railroad and mining enterprises, and a distinctive natural landscape. See specifically Pipestone Indian School Superintendent's House and Pipestone National Monument.
  • Indian Mounds of Mississippi
    This guide to the American Indian Mound sites of Mississippi provides a compact source of information on these impressive landmarks of the ancient past. The mounds bring travelers face to face with a rich legacy of American Indian cultural achievement.
  • Along the Georgia-Florida Coast
    Along the Georgia-Florida Coast uses the area's historic sites, buildings, structures, objects, and districts to reveal many of the most important developments in America's past, including encounters between Europeans and indigenous peoples. See specifically Indian Key.

[graphic] History in the Parks
Featured Park 2003: Bering Land Bridge National Preserve

[graphic] Learn More

American Indian History Month 2002
For more information about American Indian properties listed in the National Register, please visit this past feature.

Advisory Council on Historic Preservation: Tribal Historic Preservation Officers
Visit this website for more information on the 1992 U.S. Congress adoption of amendments to the National Historic Preservation Act (P.L. 102-575) that allow federally recognized Indian tribes to take on more formal responsibility for the preservation of significant historic properties on tribal lands.

Department of the Interior
The Department of the Interior provides a Brief History on the Creation of a National American Indian Heritage Month.

Tribal Preservation Program
Learn more about the National Park Service (NPS) Tribal Preservation Program that assists Indian tribes in preserving their historic properties and cultural traditions.

Archeology and Ethnology Program
NPS cultural anthropologists and ethnographers give voice to living peoples linked to the parks by tradition, deep historical attachment, subsistence use, or other aspects of their culture. See especially their feature on Ancient Architects of the Mississippi.

Library of Congress: Built in America (HABS/HAER)
The Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) and the Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) collections document achievements in architecture, engineering, and design in the United States, including sites related to American Indian history and culture. Searches on keywords like "American Indian," or on a specific tribe like the Cherokee, will provide information on an array of associated sites. Most of the site records have publication-quality drawings, photographs and historical data.

Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA)
The National NAGPRA Program develops regulations and guidance for implementing NAGPRA, provides training, assists Indian tribes, Native Hawaiian organizations, and museums with the NAGPRA process, and manages a grants program.

Indian Health Service
Visit the Bureau of Indian Affairs website which provides a calendar of events and further links.

National Congress of American Indians
The National Congress of American Indians, founded in 1944, is the oldest, largest and most representative national Indian organization serving the needs of a broad membership of American Indian and Alaska Native governments.

American Indian Heritage Foundation
The American Indian Heritage Foundation builds bridges of understanding and friendship between Indian and non-Indian people.

Smithsonian's National Museum of the American Indian
The Smithsonian's National Museum of the American Indian, scheduled to open in 2004, will help foster, protect and promote an understanding of Native American cultures by collaborating with indigenous peoples across the Western Hemisphere. Visit the American Indian Heritage Month calendar of events.

Department of the Navy -- Naval Historical Center
American Indians have participated with distinction in United States military actions for more than 200 years. The Navy highlights their involvement online in: 20th Century Warriors: Native American Participation in the United States Military.

American Indian Policy Center
The American Indian Policy Center has put together a resources list that provides access to information about US tribal relations, enrollment, sovereignty, and treaties. It also provides access to more information from the Center.

Index of Native American Resources on the Internet
Native American Resources on the Internet provides a wealth of links to learn more about Native Americans on the internet.

Native American History Archive
Students (K-12) can visit this Native American History Archive, designed especially for assistance with classroom projects.

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