National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior

National Register of Historic Places Program:
National American Indian and Alaska Native Heritage Month

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Snoqualmie Falls, King County, Washington
Public Domain photograph, courtesy of Cefka from wikipedia.

The National Register of Historic Places is pleased to promote awareness of and appreciation for the history and culture of American Indians and Alaska Natives during National American Indian Heritage Month.
This site showcases

New listings in the National Register
Past Highlights
American Indian properties in Travel Itineraries
American Indian properties featured in Teaching with Historic Places Lesson Plans
American Indian Heritage in the National Parks
Learn More
You can find more properties in the National Register of Historic Places listed for American Indian Heritage by doing an advanced search for the American Indian Area of Significance in our database.

Rice Bay
Photo courtesy of the Michigan State Historic Preservation Office


Featured Historic Properties for American Indian Heritage Month:

Rice Bay
Watersmeet, Michigan

Centered around the gathering of wild rice, the village founded at Ketegitigaaning provides an uncommon example in the region of both a traditional, off-reservation community, as well as an area of lakeshore that has been Ojibwe-owned for generations. The establishment of an economy based on wild rice contributed to a distinct cultural identity which differentiated the Ketegitigaaning community from the Lake Superior Ojibwe and non-Ojibwe cultures of the surrounding region.

Iowa Tribe Community Building
White Cloud, Kansas
The Iowa Tribe Community Building was completed in 1940 on tribal lands of the Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska reservation, about five miles west of White Cloud. The building was constructed by tribal members as part of the New Deal-era Civilian Conservation Corps' Indian Division (CCC-ID), a subset of the Works Progress Administration (WPA). The building has served the needs of the Iowa Tribe community over the years as a meeting place for cultural and social events, dances, powwows, funerals, feasts, religious services, social programs, tribal government meetings, and administration.

Wassillie Trefon Dena'ina Fish Cache
Lake and Peninsula Borough, Alaska

The Wassillie Trefon Fish Cache is the last best example of the traditional Dena' ina Athabascan fish cache in the Lake Clark-Iliamna area. Indeed, it is very likely to be the best example of a southwestern Alaska Native log cache extant in the entire Bristol Bay region.

Past highlights:

Indian Mounds Park site
Photo courtesy of the Minnesota State Historic Preservation Office


Indian Mounds Park Mound Group
St. Paul, Minnesota

The Indian Mounds Park site in St. Paul, Minnesota is unique for preserving the only remaining burial mounds within the Minneapolis-St. Paul urban core, which roughly overlies the traditional cultural hub of the Dakota. This sacred site provided a nucleus for burial rituals over thousands of years throughout the Middle Woodland Tradition and likely into the early historic period.

Lawetlat'la (Mount St. Helens),
Gifford Pinchot National Forest, (Skamania and Cowlitz Counties), Washington
is directly associated with the traditional beliefs of the Cowlitz Indian Tribe and the Yakama Nation regarding origins, cultural history, and nature of the world. Those beliefs are rooted in tribal history and are important in maintaining the cultural continuity of the tribal community.

Wassillie Trefon Dena'ina Fish Cache
Lake and Peninsula Borough, Alaska

The Wassillie Trefon Fish Cache is the last best example of the traditional Dena' ina Athabascan fish cache in the Lake Clark-Iliamna area. Indeed, it is very likely to be the best example of a southwestern Alaska Native log cache extant in the entire Bristol Bay region.

University Indian Ruin Archeological Research District
Pima County, Arizona
This district located in the northeast portion of the Tucson Basin in Pima County, Arizona, includes University Indian Ruin, a prehistoric archeological village, as well as a historic complex of archeological research facilities that was constructed in the 1930s. The archeological site consists of a large Classic period Hohokam village, occupied primarily between A.D. 1150 and 1450.

Chief Son-I-Hat's Whale House and Totems Historic District
Prince of Wales-Outer Ketchikan, Alaska
"…a name once given (to a clan house) survive(s) the mere structure."
The site includes a traditional longhouse, nine free-standing totem poles, two cemeteries, and a bridge and trail connecting the features.

Hassanamisco Reservation: State historic marker.
Photograph by Margaret Haynes-Lamont
Courtesy of the Massachusetts State Historic Preservation Office

Hassanamisco Reservation
Worcester County, Massachusetts
The reservation is unique in Massachusetts for never have been owned or occupied by non-native people. The Hassanamisco Reservation has been the property of the members of the Nipmuc Tribe and has never been alienated from tribal ownership during the past 400 years.

Red Barn
Glades County, Florida
The barn stands proudly as a reminder of the days when the cattle industry brought a newfound source of income, democracy and independence to the Seminole tribe.

Snoqualmie Falls
King County, Washington
It is related among the Snoqualmie that  Moon the Transformer created the falls from a fishing weir (a trap created to trap fish while letting water run through) while he was giving shape to the natural environment and the Indian people.

Red Barn
Seminole Indian cowboy Charlie Micco and grandson on horseback in a cattle ranch:
Brighton Reservation, Florida." Ca. 1950. Photo is part of the Florida Photographic Collection.

Black Hawk Powwow Grounds
Jackson County, Wisconsin
The powwow grounds, in Jackson County, Wisconsin, have been used as a ceremonial and social event center, as well as a dance-ring or powwow ground, since at least the late 1800’s and possibly well before.

Bainbridge Ferry
Cape Girardeau County, Missouri
The Bainbridge Ferry, in Cape Girardeau County, Missouri, is the location where thousands of people from the Cherokee Nation were transported across the Mississippi River from November 1837 and January 1839, during the Cherokee Trail of Tears.

Picotte Memorial Hospital, Walthill, Nebraska
This National Historic Landmark is a one and one-half story frame building that was constructed in 1912-13 to serve as a facility for the practice of Dr. Picotte, the first American Indian woman to practice medicine in the United States.

Cuyler Presbyterian Church, Brooklyn, Kings County, New York
Reverend Cory welcomed American Indians to his church. Learning their language was only one of the ways he met his new congregants on their own terms. He also translated religious readings into the Mohawk-Oneida dialect, and promoted the reacquisition of Indian traditional culture, making the resources of the church available to the native community for that purpose.

McCord Village, northern Wisconsin
Settled around 1890-1900 by Potawatomi, Ojibwe and related American Indians, the population of McCord was composed of inter-tribal marriages and offspring of Midewiwin and Big Drum societies from the Potawatomi and Ojibwe nations, and also some medicine people from the HoChunk and Menominee Nations.

Effigy Mounds National Monument, northeastern part of Iowa
At the present time, 191 mounds are preserved within the monument, 29 of which are animal-shaped mounds.

Ponca Tribal Self-Help Community Building Historic District, Nebraska
A meeting place, learning and cultural center for the Ponca Tribe

Southwestern Range and Sheep Breeding Laboratory Historic District, New Mexico
Part of a New Deal program to improve sheep breeding and wool production and preserve Navajo culture

Campus Center, Alaska
Site of the Alaska Federation of Natives conference of 1971

Ch'ichu'yam-bam (Soda Rock), Plumas County, CA
A meeting place, learning and cultural center for the Maidu people.

Indian Creek State Park, San Juan County, UT
Newspaper Rock Petroglyph Panel, located in this park, is a fine example of Ute art work and that of earlier cultures.

Navajo Nation Council Chamber, Window Rock, AZ
Center of government for the Navajo Nation and a symbol of the New Deal revolution in federal Indian policy during the 1930s.

Saint Joseph of the Lake Church and Cemetery, Menominee, WI
Community center for the South Branch Menominee and a place for the preservation and continuation of their traditional life-ways.

Alaska Native Brotherhood Hall, Sitka, AK
Home to the original chapter of an organization representing the interests of Alaska natives.

Pascua Cultural Plaza, Tucson, AZ
A sacred ceremonial site for the Yoeme (Yaqui) people, where the community's traditions continue today.

Hydaburg Totem Park, Hydaburg, AK
A park established by the federal government and local Native Alaskans to protect their works of art and culture.

[photo] Traditional Dance Circle in White Eagle Park
Photo courtesy of Taurtoue Collection, Oklahoma Historical Society

Chilocco Indian Agricultural School, Newkirk, OK
An off-reservation agricultural school for Native American Indian children from tribes across the country.

White Eagle Park, Kay County, OK
The Ponca Powwow, held annually at the White Eagle Park in Kay County, Oklahoma, has disseminated elements of Ponca culture to other tribes, establishing the template for the intertribal contest powwow now practiced nationally.

Ponca Tribal Self-Help Community Building District, Niobrara, NE (feature from 2003)
A meeting place, learning and cultural center for the Ponca Tribe

Weippe Prairie, Nez Perce National Historical Park, ID
It was on the Weippe Prairie that the Nez Perce tribe befriended the Expedition led by Captains Meriwether Lewis and William Clark in 1805-1806.

Wupatki National Monument, Coconino County, AZ
What began as family housing grew into Wupatki Pueblo that stood three stories high in

Knife River: Early Village Life on the Plains, one of the featured lesson plans
NPS photo courtesy of Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site

Teaching With Historic Places

This program offers a series of award-winning lesson plans that use places listed in the National Register to enliven the study of history, social studies, and geography. TwHP has ten ready-to-use lesson plans, available for free downloading, that examine different aspects of American Indian history. Titles include:

TwHP American Indian History Feature

The Battle of Honey Springs: The Civil War Comes to the Indian Territory

The Battle of Horseshoe Bend: Collision of Cultures

The Battle of Oriskany: "Blood Shed a Stream Running Down"

Bryce Canyon National Park: Hoodoos Cast Their Spell

Gran Quivira: A Blending of Cultures in a Pueblo Indian Village

Knife River: Early Village Life on the Plains

The Lewis and Clark Expedition: Documenting the Uncharted Northwest

San Antonio Missions: Spanish Influence in Texas

Tonto National Monument: Saving a National Treasure

The Trail of Tears: The Forced Relocation of the Cherokee Nation

Travel Itineraries

Travel to historic places that convey the rich cultural heritage of our American Indian population with inspiring stories of their perseverance across America.

Places Reflecting America's Diverse Cultures

American Southwest

Lewis and Clark Expedition

Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands

Pipestone, Minnesota

Indian Mounds of Mississippi

Along the Georgia-Florida Coast

Three Historic Nevada Cities: Carson City, Reno, Virginia City

American Indian Heritage in the National Parks

Alibates Flint Quarries National Monument

Aztec Ruins National Monument

Bandelier National Monument

Bent's Old Fort National Historic Site

Bering Land Bridge National Preserve (previous feature)

Big Cypress National Preserve

Big Hole National Battlefield

Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area

Canyon de Chelly National Monument

Cape Krusenstern National Monument

Casa Grande Ruins National Monument

Chaco Culture National Historical Park

Colonial National Historical Park

Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area

Effigy Mounds National Monument (previous feature)

El Malpais National Monument

Everglades National Park

Fort Bowie National Historic Site

Fort Laramie National Historic Site

Fort Raleigh National Historic Site

Fort Smith National Historic Site

Fort Stanwix National Monument

Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site

Gates of the Arctic National Park and Preserve

Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument

Grand Portage National Monument

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Hohokam Pima National Monument

Hopewell Culture National Historical Park (previous feature)

Horseshoe Bend National Military Park

Hovenweep National Monument

Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site

Jefferson National Expansion Memorial

Katmai National Park and Preserve

Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site

Kobuk Valley National Park

Lake Clark National Park and Preserve

Lava Beds National Monument

Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument

Mesa Verde National Park (previous feature)

Montezuma Castle National Monument

Natchez Trace Parkway

Navajo National Monument

Nez Perce National Historical Park (featured property 2008)

Northwest Alaska Areas

Ocmulgee National Monument

Pea Ridge National Military Park

Pecos National Historical Park

Petroglyph National Monument

Pipe Spring National Monument

Pipestone National Monument

Piscataway Park

Poverty Point National Monument

Russell Cave National Monument

Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument

San Antonio Missions National Historical Park

San Juan Island National Historical Park- The First Ones feature page

Shiloh National Military Park

Sitka National Historical Park

Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve

Tonto National Monument

Trail of Tears National Historic Trail (previous feature)

Tumacácori National Historical Park (previous feature)

Tuzigoot National Monument

Walnut Canyon National Monument

Washita Battlefield National Historic Site

Whitman Mission National Historic Site

Wupatki National Monument

Yosemite National Park

Yucca House National Monument

Learn More

National Park Service American Indian Heritage Month Portal

Presidential Proclamation: National American Indian Heritage Month

National Register of Historic Places Flickr Photostream: tagged American Indian

National Register of Historic Places Flickr Photostream: tagged Alaska

Historic Documentation Programs (HABS/HAER/HALS) collection tagged: Indians of North America at the Library of Congress

National Association of Tribal Historic Preservation Officers

National Park Service American Indian Liaison Office
The American Indian Liaison Office (AILO) is a small office that was created in 1995, to improve relationships between American Indian tribes, Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians and the National Park Service through consultation, outreach, technical assistance, education, and advisory services.

Library of Congress American Indian Heritage Month Portal
This web portal brings together the work of several government agencies to promote National American Indian Heritage Month

Indian Health Service
This website provides a calendar of events and further links, including a Brief History on the Creation of a National American Indian Heritage Month.

Advisory Council on Historic Preservation: Tribal Historic Preservation Officers
Visit this website for more information on the 1992 U.S. Congress adoption of amendments to the National Historic Preservation Act (P.L. 102-575) that allow federally recognized Indian tribes to take on more formal responsibility for the preservation of significant historic properties on tribal lands.

National Park Service American Indian Liaison Office
The American Indian Liaison Office (AILO) is a small office that was created in 1995, to improve relationships between American Indian tribes, Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians and the National Park Service through consultation, outreach, technical assistance, education, and advisory services.

Online Museum Exhibits
Discover American Indian artifacts from Chaco Canyon, Hubbell Trading Post and Bandelier National Monument in online exhibits of the NPS's Museum Management Program.

Archeology Program
The NPS Archeology Program encourages public interest in and stewardship of the sites contributing to our national heritage. See especially their features on The Earliest Americans, Ancient Architects of the Mississippi and Coso Rock Art.

Applied Ethnography Program
The NPS Applied Ethnography Program is concerned with living communities and the resources that are important to these groups. The program's role in the National Park Service includes providing information about groups who "assign significance to places closely linked with their own sense of purpose, existence as a community, and development as ethnically distinctive peoples."

Library of Congress: Built in America (HABS/HAER/HALS)
The Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS), the Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) and Historic American Landscape Survey (HALS) collections document achievements in architecture, engineering, and design in the United States, including sites related to American Indian history and culture. Searches on keywords like "American Indian," or on a specific tribe like the Cherokee, will provide information on an array of associated sites. Most of the site records have publication-quality drawings, photographs and historical data.

Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA)
The National NAGPRA Program develops regulations and guidance for implementing NAGPRA, provides training, assists Indian tribes, Native Hawaiian organizations and museums with the NAGPRA process, and manages a grants program.

National Congress of American Indians
The National Congress of American Indians, founded in 1944, is the oldest, largest and most representative national Indian organization serving the needs of a broad membership of American Indian and Alaska Native governments.

American Indian Heritage Foundation
The American Indian Heritage Foundation builds bridges of understanding and friendship between Indian and non-Indian people.

Smithsonian's National Museum of the American Indian
The newly opened Smithsonian's National Museum of the American Indian fosters, protects and promotes an understanding of Native American cultures by collaborating with indigenous peoples across the Western Hemisphere. Visit the American Indian Heritage Month calendar of events.

Department of the Navy--Naval Historical Center
American Indians have participated with distinction in United States military actions for more than 200 years. The Navy highlights their involvement online in: 20th Century Warriors: Native American Participation in the United States Military.

American Indian Policy Center
The American Indian Policy Center has put together a resources list that provides access to information about US tribal relations, enrollment, sovereignty, and treaties. It also provides access to more information from the Center.

Index of Native American Resources on the Internet
Native American Resources on the Internet provides a wealth of links to learn more about Native Americans on the internet.

NativeWeb: Resources for Indigenous Cultures Around the World
Developed by a group of historians, independent scholars, and activists, NativeWeb offers a gateway to more than 4,000 historical and contemporary resources relating to more than 250 separate nations.

American Indian Tribal Histories Project (website: is one of the programs of the Western Heritage Center. The mission of the American Indian Tribal Histories Project is to preserve and maintain American Indian tribal histories and cultures, from an American Indian perspective, for future Generations to come.

Native American Resources Online
USA People Search has put together a useful page of links to Native American resources online.

NR Home

Comments or Questions