[graphic heading] Seattle: A National Register of Historic Places Travel Itinerary, National Park Servicer

Cobb Building

The Cobb Building is the only surviving example of the innovative urban design scheme planned to create a commercial center in Seattle. It occupies part of a 10-acre plot that originally served as the first site of the University of Washington. When the campus moved to the shores of Lake Washington around the turn of the century, the university regents decided to lease the land. The Metropolitan Building Company soon assumed the lease, and then engaged the New York firm of Howells and Stokes to assemble a master plan for the integrated development of the property. Howells and Stokes intended that the area, which became known as the Metropolitan Tract, be a "city within a city." The 1907 Howells and Stokes Metropolitan Tract plan was an innovative urban development considered to be the largest development of a downtown site undertaken to that time in the United States. Their design included a department store, offices, a hotel, housing and a small plaza, all to be built in a similar style and scale.

The Cobb Building illustrates many of the features that the 10 original structures, five of which were actually built, were supposed to share. All were to be 11 stories tall, with terra cotta ornamentation at the top and street levels and brick in-between. Their decoration would combine elements of the Beaux-Arts and commercial styles, such as symmetry and a clearly marked storefront. The Cobb Building was intended, as the plaque of Hippocrates at its main entrance denotes, for medical and dental offices. Contemporary journals identified it as the first building in Seattle, and perhaps the West, to be designed for a single professional use, an innovation that generated a great deal of publicity. Time and commercial pressures have led to redevelopment of the sites that once hosted the other original parts of the Metropolitan Tract, but the Cobb Building continues to look much as it has for more than 90 years.

The Cobb Building is located at 1301 Fourth Ave., less than a block from the Northern Life Tower. The building is open to the public during regular business hours.

Cobb Building Cobb Building
Photograph by Miriam Sutermeister

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