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    National Historic Landmarks Program

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National Historic Landmarks located in National Park Units

List updated: April 2014

 

Most National Historic Landmarks are not owned or managed by the National Park Service – in fact, the majority of NHLs are privately owned. However, National Historic Landmarks and national park units sometimes overlap.

As of 2014, close to 200 National Historic Landmarks are located in or have boundaries that overlap with 125 National Park System units. For comparison, there are just over 2,500 National Historic Landmarks and just over 400 park units.

Some historical and cultural resources within the park system were designated as National Historic Landmarks by the Secretary of the Interior before they were established as park units by Congress or the President. Other park units have National Historic Landmarks within their boundaries that are nationally significant for reasons other than those for which the park was established.

Ken Burns' 2009 documentary, The National Parks: America's Best Idea, highlighted 18 of the National Historic Landmarks located in national parks. You can read about (and see pictures of) these NHLs on this page in our news archive.

Continue reading below for information about the full list of NHLs located in national park units, as well as an explanation of the different designations used within the National Park System.

Why isn't every park a National Historic Landmark, or vice versa?

The cultural resource management policies of the National Park Service address the place of National Historic Landmarks within the National Park System as follows: Historic and cultural units of the National Park System are nationally significant by virtue of the legislation or Presidential proclamation that authorized them. National Historic Landmark designations are appropriate for park cultural resources that meet National Historic Landmark criteria if the national significance of those resources is not adequately recognized in the Park's authorizing legislation or Presidential proclamation. Cultural parks may warrant landmark designation as parts of larger areas encompassing resources associated with their primary themes.

For example, the Rosie the Riveter / WWII Home Front National Historical Park in Richmond, California, designated on October 25, 2000, contains historic resources that are recognized as nationally significant by the legislation that authorized the park. These include the Kaiser Shipyards and other wartime industrial and community sites in Richmond that illustrate the story of the diverse group of men and women who played a crucial role on the home front in winning the war. Therefore, the nomination of Atchison Village, a housing project for defense industry workers located within the park, as a separate National Historic Landmark was not warranted.

What's in a name?

The diversity of parks is reflected in the variety of titles given to them. These include such designations as national park, national preserve, national monument, national memorial, national historic site, national historical park, national sea/lakeshore, national battlefield, and national recreation area. Many of these names are descriptive, while others cannot be neatly categorized because of the diversity of resources within them. In 1970, Congress elaborated on the 1916 National Park Service Organization Act, saying that all units of the system possess equal legal standing in a national system.

  • A national park is generally a large natural place that contains a variety of resources, which can include historic assets. Hunting, mining and consumptive activities are not allowed.
  • A national preserve is established primarily for the protection of certain resources. Activities such as hunting, fishing, or the extraction of minerals and fuels may be permitted if they do not jeopardize natural values.
  • A national monument encompasses structures and other objects of historic or scientific interests situated on lands owned or controlled by the government. It is usually smaller than a national park and lacks its diversity of attractions.
  • A national memorial is commemorative of a historic person or event. It need not be a site or structure historically associated with its subject.
  • A national historic site usually contains a single historical feature that was directly associated with its subject.
  • A national historical park is commonly an area of greater physical extent and complexity than a national historic site, because it extends beyond single properties or buildings. National historic sites and national historical parks are customarily preserved or restored to reflect their appearance during the period of their greatest historical significance.
  • A national seashore or lakeshore focuses on the preservation of natural resources while at the same time providing water-oriented recreation.
  • A national battlefield is associated with American military history.
  • A national recreation area is land set aside for recreational use by acts of Congress.

 

Please continue below to learn about the many National Historic Landmarks located within the National Park System. The links will take you to the nominations for these National Historic Landmarks. If you are interested in visiting any of these NHLs, please contact the park unit directly to find out if the NHL is open to the public. Archeological sites in particular may not be open to visitors.

Alabama | Alaska | Arizona | Arkansas | California | Colorado | Connecticut | Delaware | District of Columbia | Florida | Georgia | Hawaii | Idaho | Illinois | Indiana | Iowa | Kansas | Kentucky | Louisiana | Maine | Maryland | Massachusetts | Michigan | Minnesota | Mississippi | Missouri | Montana | Nebraska | Nevada | New Hampshire | New Jersey | New Mexico | New York | North Carolina | North Dakota | Ohio | Oklahoma | Oregon | Pennsylvania | Puerto Rico | Rhode Island | South Carolina | South Dakota | Tennessee | Texas | Utah | Vermont | U.S. Virgin Islands | Virginia | Washington | West Virginia | Wisconsin | Wyoming

 

Alabama

Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site

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Alaska

Cape Krusenstern National Monument

Katmai National Park and Preserve

Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park

Lake Clark National Park and Preserve

  • Kijik Archeological District (designated October 12, 1994)

Sitka National Historical Park

  • Russian Bishop's House (designated June 13, 1962)

World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument (also in Hawaii and California)

Wrangell-St. Elias National Park

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Arizona

Fort Bowie National Historic Site

Grand Canyon National Park

Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site

Petrified Forest National Park

Tumacacori National Historical Park

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Arkansas

Arkansas Post National Memorial

Fort Smith National Historic Site

Hot Springs National Park

Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site

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California

Carrizo Plain National Monument

César E. Chávez National Monument

Golden Gate National Recreation Area

John Muir National Historic Site

Manzanar National Historic Site

Point Reyes National Seashore

San Francisco Marine National Historical Park

World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument (also in Alaska and Hawaii)

Yosemite National Park

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Colorado

Bent's Old Fort National Historic Site

Rocky Mountain National Park

Mesa Verde National Park

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Delaware

First State National Monument

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District of Columbia

Carter G. Woodson Home National Historic Site

Meridian Hill Park

National Mall and Memorial Parks

Sewall-Belmont House National Historic Site

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Florida

Everglades National Park

Gulf Islands National Seashore

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Georgia

Martin Luther King Jr. National Historic Site

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Hawaii

Kalaupapa National Historical Park

Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park

  • Honokōhau Settlement (designated December 29, 1962)

Pu`ukoholā Heiau National Historic Site

  • Pu`ukoholā Heiau (designated December 29, 1962)

World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument (also in California and Alaska)

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Idaho

Nez Perce National Historical Park

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Illinois

Lincoln Home National Historic Site

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Indiana

Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore

Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial

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Iowa

Herbert Hoover National Historic Site

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Kansas

Fort Larned National Historic Site

Fort Scott National Historic Site

Nicodemus National Historic Site

Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve

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Louisiana

Poverty Point National Monument

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Maryland

Clara Barton National Historic Site

Monocacy National Battlefield

Piscataway Park

  • Accokeek Creek Site (designated July 19, 1964)

Thomas Stone National Historic Site

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Massachusetts

Adams National Historical Park

Boston African American National Historic Site

Boston National Historical Park

Cape Cod National Seashore

  • Nauset Archeological District (designated April 19, 1993)

Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site

John Fitzgerald Kennedy National Historic Site

Longfellow National Historic Site

Lowell National Historical Park

Minute Man National Historical Park

New Bedford Whaling National Historical Park

Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site

Springfield Armory National Historic Site

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Michigan

Keweenaw National Historical Park

Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore

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Minnesota

St. Croix National Scenic Riverway

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Mississippi

Natchez Trace Parkway

  • Emerald Mound Site (designated December 20, 1989)

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Missouri

Jefferson National Expansion Memorial

Ulysses S Grant National Historic Site

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Montana

Glacier National Park

Grant-Kohrs Ranch National Historic Site

Pompey's Pillar National Monument

Yellowstone National Park

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New Hampshire

Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site

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New Jersey

Gateway National Recreation Area

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New Mexico

Bandelier National Monument

National Park Service Southwest Regional Office (former)

Pecos National Historical Park

Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument

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New York

African Burial Ground National Monument

Fort Stanwix National Monument

Governors Island National Monument

Hamilton Grange National Memorial

Martin Van Buren National Historic Site

Women's Rights National Historical Park

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North Carolina

Cape Hatteras National Seashore

Carl Sandburg Home National Historic Site

Wright Brothers National Memorial

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North Dakota

Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site

Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site

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Ohio

Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument

Cuyahoga Valley National Park

James A. Garfield National Historic Site

Hopewell Culture National Historical Park

  • Hopeton Earthworks (designated July 19, 1964)

William Howard Taft National Historic Site

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Oklahoma

Chickasaw National Recreation Area

Washita Battlefield National Historic Site

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Oregon

Crater Lake National Park

Oregon Caves National Monument

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Pennsylvania

Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic Site

  • Allegheny Portage Railroad of the Pennsylvania Canal (designated December 29, 1962)

Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area

  • Minisink Archeological Site (designated April 19, 1993)

Edgar Allan Poe National Historic Site

Eisenhower National Historic Site

Friendship Hill National Historic Site

Independence National Historical Park

Valley Forge National Historical Park

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Puerto Rico

San Juan National Historic Site

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South Carolina

Fort Sumter National Monument

Ninety Six National Historic Site

  • Ninety Six and Star Fort (designated November 7, 1973)

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Tennessee

Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

  • Moccasin Bend Archeological District (designated September 8, 1986)

Shiloh National Military Park

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Texas

Fort Davis National Historic Site

Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park

Palo Alto Battlefield National Historical Park

San Antonio Missions National Historical Park

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Utah

Bryce Canyon National Park

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Vermont

Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park

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U.S. Virgin Islands

Salt River Bay National Historical Park and Ecological Preserve

  • Columbus Landing Site (designated October 9, 1960)

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Virginia

Fort Monroe National Monument

Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania County Battlefields Memorial National Military Park

Great Falls Park

Maggie L. Walker National Historic Site

Petersburg National Battlefield

Shenandoah National Park

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Washington

San Juan Island National Historical Park

  • American and English Camps, San Juan Island (designated November 5, 1961)

Mount Rainier National Park

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Wyoming

Grand Teton National Park

Yellowstone National Park

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