Conservation and Outdoor Recreation Programs title bar with the National Park Service arrowhead Parknet and arrowhead


Alaska Segments, L-Z

Zachary Babb
National Park Service
240 West 5th Avenue
Anchorage, AK 99501
(907) 644-3531

Click for segments A-K

Photo of river in Alaska
 
River
Borough
Reach
Length (miles)
Year Listed/ Updated
Description
Lace River Juneau Arm of Mead Glacier to Berners Bay
20
1993
W
S, R, G, W Large ponds and pools, extremely broad channels, and high mountains. Prime moose, waterfowl, and furbearer habitat.
Lake Creek Matanuska-Susitna Borough From Chelatna Lake (Latitude: 62 degrees, 31'/Longitude: 151 degrees, 30') to the confluence of Lake Creek and Yentna River (Latitude: 61 degrees, 53'/Longitude: 150 degrees, 55')
64
1995
W
S, R, F, C Receives heavy angler use for king salmon, coho salmon, and rainbow trout. The highly scenic Chelatna Lake and the creek's upper reaches afford scenic views of Mt. Foraker and the Alaska Range. Popular floating river with Class II and III whitewater. Contains native archaeological sites and remains of early gold mining.
LeConte Glacier Wrangell-Petersburg 5000 foot elevation in ice fields on Canadian border to saltwater in LeConte Bay
6
1993
W
S Southern-most glacier in North America that terminates in saltwater; and most rapidly flowing (calving frequently) glacier in Alaska. Popular sightseeing destination for boats and planes.
Lethe River Lake and Peninsula Headwaters to Ukak River confluence in Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes
14
1993
W
S, G Forms narrow, fluted gorge as deep as 100 ft in lower reaches. Pumice floats in river. Cuts through ash sheet of Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes.
Lisianski River Sitka Small lake on divide between Lisianski Strait and Northern Arm of Hoonah Sound to Lisianski Strait
5
1993
W
W, O Provides habitat for brown bear and Sitka black-tailed deer among other species. Has narrow band of old-growth spruce and hemlock.
Little Susitna River (including Nancy Lake Creek) Matanuska-Susitna Borough From Talkeetna Mountains, Fishhook Road to Yohn Lake, Iditarod Racing Trail.
62
1995
S
R, F, C Primary spawning habitat for King, coho, and chum salmon. Receives the highest angling effort of the six State Recreation Rivers because of its accessibility. Popular also for boating, snow-machining, dog mushing, and cross-country skiing.
Lost River/Tawah Creek Skagway Both start at 50 foot elevation. Tawah Creek terminates at Lost River and Lost River terminates at Gulf of Alaska
10
1993
R
S, O Low-gradient, meandering streams, located in wide, shallow valleys with marshy bottoms. Exceptional fisheries and hunting qualities make area outstanding for subsistence use.
Mageik Creek Lake and Peninsula Katmai Pass southeast to Katmai River confluence
12
1993
  S, G, W, H Course changed by lava flow off Mt. Trident in 1960's. Large, black flows approach creek in several places defining its course. Bears fish salmon.
Main Creek Lake and Peninsula Headwaters south to Amber Bay
13
1993
W
R, F, W Coho salmon run. Bear fishing area. Popular destination for local sport fishing lodges.
Maksoutof River Complex Sitka Northeast of Rezanof Lake through chain of lakes to outlet of Maksoutof Lake
10
1993
W
S Subalpine slopes rise from river system. Drainage is unroaded and undeveloped.
Marten Lake and Creek Wrangell-Petersburg 2000 foot elevation on mainland to saltwater in Bradfield Canal
6
1993
W
S, R, F, W Moderate runs of pink and chum salmon and steelhead. Abundant brown bear populations. Unobstructed alpine views from lake.
Marten River Outer Ketchikan 4000 foot elevation near Canadian border to saltwater in Marten Arm
17
1993
W
F, W Highly productive and one of few king salmon streams in southern Southeast; coho, chum, and pink salmon also present. Brown bearsare common.
Martin Creek Lake and Peninsula Headwaters south of Mt. Mageik east to Katmai River confluence
10
1993
W
S, R, G, W, H Inundated by pumiceous fallout during 1912 eruption. Part of historic trade route over Katmai Pass; today used as backpacker route. Bears fish salmon.
Meshik River Lake and Peninsula Headwaters including Meshik Lake south and west from Aleutian Range to Preserve boundary
18
1993
W
R, W, H, O Served as route across peninsula from Pacific side on Kejulik and Aniakchak Bays to Port Heiden area on Bristol Bay. Wildlife habitat for bears, moose, caribou, and wolves. Popular for guided hunting. Extensive wetlands along corridor.
Moraine Creek Lake and Peninsula Headwaters to Kukaklek Lake
22
1993
W
S, R, F, W Spawning area for sockeye salmon and rainbow trout. Popular recreational fishery. Numerous wildlife such as bears, moose, and coyotes.
Mud Bay River Sitka Small lake at 1900 foot elevation to Mud Bay off Icy Strait
10
1993
W, R
S, F, W Excellent brown bear and deer habitat. Remarkable for its anadromous fish values. 
Nabesna River Valdez-Cordova Nabesna Glacier downstream to park boundary
20
1993
W
S, W, H Spectacular scenery. Access to historic mining activity.
Naha River Ketchikan Gateway Orton and Snow Lakes to saltwater at Roosevelt Lagoon by Naha Bay
19
1993
W, S
R, F, W, H, C Excellent trout and coho sport fishery and major producer of all commercial species of salmon except kings. Sportfishing, hiking, canoeing, boating, photography, wildlife viewing, and hunting. One of first hatcheries in region established on Heckman Lake, and evidence of prehistoric use.
Naknek River Lake and Peninsula Outlet of Naknek Lake downstream to park boundary
6
1993
S
R, F, W, H Late historic site located on east side of river across from recreational camp. Caribou migrate into park. Provides for rainbow trout fishing.
Nation River Southeast Fairbanks Preserve boundary to river mouth
16
1993
W
F, W Defacto wilderness and anadromous fisheries.
Neacola River Kenai Peninsula Headwaters to Kenibuna Lake. Roughly 1/4 mile of the southeast channel is outside the park boundary
25
1993
W
S Scenic views of the Alaska Range, hanging glaciers, and Mt. Spurr at the take-out.
Necons River Lake and Peninsula Headwaters west of Merrill Pass downstream through Two Lakes to the Stony River confluence
42
1993
W
S Rugged, jagged, knife-edged ridges and peaks along with hanging glaciers in the Alaska Range.
Niblack Lakes and Streams Prince of Wales Lake at 1400 foot elevation to Moira Sound at Niblack Anchorage
5
1993
W
F Important producer of pink, chum, and coho salmon. 
Nigu River Yukon-Koyukuk Headwaters downstream to park boundary
25
1993
W
S, R, O Canoeing/kayaking, wildlife observation, photography, hiking and backpacking, and wilderness like camping. At least two known archeological sites.
Nizina River Valdez-Cordova Nizina Glacier downstream to Chitina River confluence
37
1993
W, S
S, H Historical significance. Scenic, rock glaciers.
Nooya Creek Outer Ketchikan Nooya Lake to saltwater in east side of Rudyerd Bay
1
1993
W
S, R, F, W Well-known for run of pink salmon and good place to view brown bear. Stream drops 200 feet over a spectacular cascade, and is accessed by trail from saltwater.
Noxapaga River (including tributaries) Northwest Arctic Headwaters of various tributaries downstream to preserve boundary
70
1993
W
G, H Begins in Imuruk volcanics and flows near Lost Jim Lava Flow, which is rare in arctic regions. Flow includes lava tubes, ice caves, and initial stages of plant invasion. Lava Lake was site of secret military weather station in World War II.
Nugnugaluktuk River (including estuary and tributaries) Nome, Northwest Arctic Estuary on Goodhope Bay upstream to headwaters of various tributaries.
200
1993
W
G, W, H Passes through most significant waterfowl breeding area in park and tundra sequence. Includes numerous wildlife and Devil Mountain, a volcanic neck rising 500 ft above surrounding lowlands.
Nuka River Kenai Peninsula Headwaters from Nuka Glacier terminus to Beauty Bay
12
1993
W
S, F, W, H Flows from broad, glacial valley into a narrow gorge and down a braided floodplain into Beauty Bay. Pink and dog salmon spawn in tributaries. Numerous wildlife. Remnants of gold mining activity from 1930's.
Nutkwa Streams Prince of Wales Point where three major tributaries combine to Nutkwa Lagoon
12
1993
W
S, R, F, W Important producer of coho and sockeye. Abundant black bear population. Fishing and hunting prevalent recreation activities.
Olive Creek Wrangell-Petersburg 2000 foot elevation on Etolin Island to saltwater in Olive Cove
4
1993
W, R
R, F Has two important lakes that contribute to its high fish and recreation values. Popular for steelhead and rainbow trout fishing.
Orchard Creek and Lake Ketchikan Gateway 2000 foot elevation to saltwater in Shrimp Bay
26
1993
W
S, R, F, W, O Beautiful double waterfall where creek drops into Shrimp Bay. Ecologically significant as contains pristine floodplain and spruce forest with large diameter trees. Numerous fish and wildlife species.
Patterson River Wrangell-Petersburg From glaciers above 5000 foot elevation to saltwater in Thomas Bay on mainland
7
1993
W, R
S, R, G, W Scenic views of glaciers, alpine areas, and rugged mountains. Remnant stumps from pre-glacier forests have been exposed as glacier retreated. Good moose hunting.
Pavlof River and Lake Sitka High mountain basin north of Tenakee Springs to Pavlof Harbor in Freshwater Bay
10
1993
R
R, F One of 19 "high value" watersheds in Alaska for fisheries production. Receives very high recreation especially sport fishing.
Petersburg Creek Wrangell-Petersburg Below 500 foot elevation to saltwater in Wrangell Narrows on Kupreanof Island
7
1993
W
S, R, F, H High fish values for steelhead, silver, sockeye, and pink salmon, and Dolly Varden. In Petersburg Creek-Duncan Salt Chuck Wilderness.
Porcupine Creek Wrangell-Petersburg Low elevation to saltwater in Steamer Bay on Etolin Island
2
1993
W
R, F, W High sport fish value for cutthroat trout, steelhead, and Dolly Varden. Grass flat at mouth of creek contributes to wildlife and recreation values.
Portage Creek Ketchikan Gateway Mt. Reid at 3900 foot elevation to saltwater in Portage Cove, Behm Canal
4
1993
W
H, C Part of land and water transportation route from Hyder to Ketchikan.
Punchbowl Creek Outer Ketchikan Punchbowl Lake to saltwater in Punchbowl Cove
1
1993
W
S Outlet a classic example of a "hanging lake" carved by glacial action. Drops 75 feet over falls, providing a popular sightseeing destination.
Rainbow River Lake and Peninsula Serpent Tongue Glacier northwest to Savonoski River
13
1993
W
G, F, W Unique geological history dominated recently by glaciation. Critical wildlife habitat for brown bears, because salmon are available for fishing.
Red Bluff Bay Tributaries Sitka North branch begins at 2300 foot elevation flowing into south branch which begins at 1500 feet and terminates in Red Bluff Bay
13
1993
W
S, R, G, F, O Serpentine mineralization, wide range of ecosystems and unique tidal meadows. Productive for anadromous fisheries. 
Red River Kenai Peninsula Red Glacier downstream easterly to Cook Inlet
5
1993
W
S Views of the Alaska Range; looking up at Iliamna volcano.
Reed River Yukon-Koyukuk Three segments: First from headwaters downstream 17 miles to park boundary, Second 12 miles due west of Walker Lake, and Third 12 miles upstream from confluence with Kobuk River
41
1993
W
O Hot springs in downstream portion with remnant plant population around spring.
Resurrection River Kenai Peninsula Northern most boundary of park downstream where river serves as common boundary with Chugach National Forest past Exit Glacier Road bridge to eastern park boundary near Mt. Benson
18
1993
W, S
S, R, F, W Exceptional habitat for silver salmon. Mountain peaks rise abruptly over 4000 ft. above the braided, glacially influenced river. Numerous wildlife.
Rudyerd Creek Outer Ketchikan 2000 foot elevation to saltwater at northern end of Rudyerd Bay
12
1993
W
S, R, W Abundant brown bear and mountain goat populations. Spectacularly scenic.
Salmon Bay Lake and Stream Prince of Wales Salmon Bay Lake to saltwater
6
1993
W, S
S, F, W Anadromous fish stream. Numerous wildlife species including black bear and Sitka black-tailed deer. Stands of very large old-growth forest.
Salmon River Outer Ketchikan One tributary from small Texas Lakes and other from Salmon Glacier in British Columbia. Both flow into Portland Canal at Hyder
10
1993
R
G Flows through valley carved and formed by continental glaciation. Glaciers and overwhelming glacial topography are visible from within corridor.
Santa Anna Creek and Lake Helen Wrangell-Petersburg 500 foot elevation on mainland to saltwater in Santa Anna Inlet
4
1993
W
R, F High sport fish values. Unique low elevation lake, Lake Helen, can be entered by boat from saltwater at high tide.
Sarkar Lakes Prince of Wales Series of in-channel lakes on west side of Prince of Wales Island
19
1993
W, S, R
S, F, W, H, C High populations of fish and wildlife species. Intricate system of interconnecting lakes and streams, scattered low mountains, and small cascading waterfalls. Historic fish weir, canoe run, and earliest house forms in southeast Alaska found along bank.
Savonoski River Lake and Peninsula Headwaters west to mouth at east end of Iliuk Arm on Naknek Lake
40
1993
W
G, W, H Historic village of Old Savonoski and archaeological sites. Unique geological history dominated recently by glaciation. Critical wildlife habitat for brown bears.
Scenery Creek Wrangell-Petersburg Glaciers above 4000 foot elevation to saltwater in Thomas Bay on mainland
8
1993
W
S Views up fiord and canyon from saltwater are outstanding. Used extensively for major charter boat tours.
Serpentine River Nome 10 miles upstream from mouth and continuing upstream on north and middle forks to headwaters. On south fork for 40 miles to preserve boundary
210
1993
W, S
S, G, H Granite spires and outcrops, all types of tundra, thermal springs on middle fork, and archeological and historic sites. North fork drains extensive area of shield and maar volcanoes.
Shakes Slough Wrangell-Petersburg Mainland in icefields as branch of LeConte Glacier to Stikine River
10
1993
W
S, R, W, O Shakes Glacier creates unique local climate around Shakes Lake with typical alpine vegetation found near sea level. In Stikine-LeConte Wilderness Area.
Shipley Creek and Lake Prince of Wales Shipley Lake to saltwater in Shipley Bay
5
1993
W
S, F, W, H, C Supports a subsistence sockeye fishery. Good cutthroat, rainbow, Dolly Varden char, and pinks and chum fishing. One of largest concentrations of petroglyphs nearby. Numerous wildlife including marine mammals.
Sitkoh Creek Sitka Sitkoh Lake to Sitkoh Bay
4
1993
S
R, F Exceptional steelhead run valued by sport anglers. Sockeye salmon sought by subsistence users.
Skagway River, North Fork Skagway-Yakutat-Angoon Confluence of North Fork and Skagway River north to Canada border
6
1993
R
H Historic travel corridor between Canadian interior and pacific coast. Used during Klondike Gold Rush first as trail, improved as wagon/cart road, and finally as railroad corridor.
Sockeye Creek, Hugh Smith Lake Outer Ketchikan Confluence of Buschmann Creek and Cobb Creek at Hugh Smith Lake to saltwater near Mink Bay
9
1993
W
F One of few sockeye fisheries in Misty Fiords. Cutthroat and Dolly Varden char also present.
Soda Creek and Lake Prince of Wales 200 foot elevation to saltwater at Soda Bay
3
1993
W
G Carbonate mineral springs. Mineral deposits and formations associated with springs.
Spring Creek, Lake Shelokum Ketchikan Gateway 1500 foot elevation to saltwater at Bailey Bay
3
1993
W
S, G, O Views of nearby cliffs and peaks and the hot springs, ringed with abundant algael growths and topped with clouds of steam rising from hillside. Also cascades, waterfalls and many seeps.
Stikine River Wrangell-Petersburg U.S./Canada border to saltwater in Dry Strait
25
1993
S
S, R, F, W, H, O Passes through Coast Range providing transportation route to interior. Unique ecological area due to climate of interior influencing the Stikine Valley. Large spawning run of king salmon.
Stony River Lake and Peninsula Northern park boundary downstream to about eight air miles downstream of the Necons River confluence near western park boundary
38
1993
W
S Scenic mountains and glaciated valley.
Swikshak River Lake and Peninsula Headwaters to mouth at Kayuyak Bay about 10 miles north of Hallo Bay
18
1993
W
S, R, F, W, O Example of glacial, braided stream. Important bear foraging area. Harbor seals and sea otters are common in mouth.
Swventymile River Southeast Fairbanks Headwaters to preserve boundary.
20
1993
W
G, W, O Archeological sites, wildlife, and glacial features which are unusual in this region.
Taiya River Skagway-Yakutat-Angoon Taiya Inlet northerly to Chilkoot Pass at Canadian border
17
1993
W, R
H, O Valley is very short, natural transportation corridor for plants and animals between the Pacific maritime climate and the Canadian interior. Used during Klondike Gold Rush. 
Taku River,Twin Glaciers Lake Juneau Canada-United States border to Taku Inlet
17
1993
S
S, R, G, F, O Extraordinarily productive for fish. Wide, meandering river, high mountains on either side and several glaciers. Important habitat for moose.
Talachulitna River (including Talachulitna Creek) Matanuska-Susitna Borough From Talachulitna (Latitude: 61 degrees, 35'/Longitude: 151 degrees,35') and Wolf Lakes (Latitude: 61 degrees, 41'/Longitude: 151 degrees, 5') to the confluence of Talachulitna and Skwentna rivers (Latitude: 61 degrees, 51'/Longitude: 151 degrees, 25'
87
1995
W
S, F, C Popular angling river for King salmon, coho salmon, and rainbow trout. Highly scenic because of clear water, canyons, and view of the Alaska Range. Popular for wilderness float trips, yet accessible by floatplane at its headwaters, middle reaches and mouth.
Talkeetna River (including Clear Creek) Matanuska-Susitna Borough From Mid-Talkeetna Canyon (Latitude: 62 degrees, 30'/Longitude: 149 degrees, 15') to confluence of Talkeetna and Susitna Rivers (Latitude: 62 degrees, 20'/Longitude: 150 degrees, 6')
54
1995
S
S, R, G, F, C High angler effort for King and coho salmon, particularly at the mouth of Clear Creek. The scenic Talkeetna Canyon offers nearly 14 miles of continuous Class II and III rapids and several Class IV areas. The upper river is popular for kayaking and rafting, while the lower river can be used for floating and power boating.
Tana River Valdez-Cordova Tana Glacier downstream to Chitina River confluence
31
1993
W
S, W Mountainous scenery and wildlife.
Tanalian River Lake and Peninsula Kontrashibuna Lake downstream to Lake Clark near Port Alsworth
4
1993
W
S 50 foot high waterfall; mountainous scenery.
Tazimina River and Lakes Lake and Peninsula Headwaters in Chigmit Mountains westerly through Upper and Lower Tazimina Lakes to Sixmile Lake
54
1993
W
S, R, F 60 foot waterfall along lower river. Trophy rainbow trout fishing; large runs of sockeye salmon.
Tebay Lake and River Valdez-Cordova Tebay Lakes downstream to Chitina River confluence
15
1993
W
S, R, W Scenic, wilderness recreation opportunities, and wildlife (Dall sheep).
Telaquana River Lake and Peninsula Telaquana Pass in Alaska Range, through Telaquana Lake to park boundary
35
1993
W
S, O Impressive views of jagged peaks in Alaska Range from upper river and lake. Important archeological site near lake outlet.
Thorne River, Hatchery Creek Prince of Wales Thorne Bay to Lake Bay and Whale Passage
42
1993
S, R
S, R, F, W Excellent fishing opportunities such as coho, sockeye, chum, and steelhead trout. Only known inland nesting bald eagles in Southeast Alaska. Unique wetlands habitat, diverse shoreline, and stream channels. Extensive canoe opportunities.
Trail River Sitka Small cirque lake north of Tarn Mountain to tidal flat at head of Idaho Inlet
6
1993
W
W, O One of largest remaining stands of old-growth Sitka spruce on Chichagof Island, a great ecological interest. Large numbers of both brown bear and black-tailed deer along river. 
Tunehean Creek Wrangell-Petersburg Below 1000 foot elevation to saltwater in Keku Straits on Kupreanof Island
8
1993
W
F High commercial and sport fish values for coho salmon and steelhead. 
Ukak River Lake and Peninsula Confluence of Knife and Windy Creeks downstream to Iliuk Arm on Naknek Lake
12
1993
W
S, R, G, W, H Flows beside roughly 400 ft. wall of ash from 1912 eruption. Was part of trade route over Katmai Pass. Ash laden waters.
Unuk River Outer Ketchikan British Columbia to saltwater in Burroughs Bay, upper Behm Canal
23
1993
W
S, R, F, W, H, C One of few king salmon streams in southern Southeast Alaska. Abundant brown bear population. Several old homesteads and numerous traditional use sites.
Virginia Lake and Creek Wrangell-Petersburg 2000 foot elevation on mainland to saltwater in Eastern Passage
9
1993
S
R, F Trophy-sized cutthroat trout in Virginia Lake; accessible by trail.
Walker Creek and Lake Outer Ketchikan Walker Lake to saltwater in Walker Cove
6
1993
W
S, R, F, W Support high value trout fishery. Brown bear and mountain goats are abundant. Renowned for spectacular scenery; one of two most frequently visited areas in Misty Fiords.
Ward Creek and Lake Ketchikan Gateway Connell Lake to saltwater at Ward Cove
3
1993
R
R, F Provides some of best stream fishing in Ketchikan area including all salmon species except king salmon. Over 50 years of excellent diverse recreational opportunities; accessible by both roads and trails.
White River Valdez-Cordova Russell Glacier downstream to Canada Border
20
1993
W
G, H Historic travel corridor. End of Chitistone Pass. White River Ash field from unknown volcanic source. 
Whiting River Juneau U.S./Canada border to Port Snettisham
25
1993
W
S, R, F Large mountains, glaciers and lake. Recreational fishing. Challenging whitewater.
Wilson River and Lake Outer Ketchikan Wilson Lake to saltwater at Wilson Arm
12
1993
W, S
F, W Excellent cutthroat, Dolly Varden char, and Kokanee fishing. Unusual high concentration of brown bear.
Wolverine Creek, McDonald Lake Ketchikan Gateway McDonald Lake to saltwater at Yes Bay
6
1993
W
R, F, W Good steelhead run, five species of salmon, grayling, western brook lamprey, Dolly Varden char, and cutthroat and rainbow trout. Number of wildlife species. Trail access from saltwater to McDonald Lake.
Wolverine Falls Creek Lake and Peninsula Headwaters north of Hook Glacier northwest to Savonoski River confluence
16
1993
W
G, W, H Contains historic village of Old Savonoski and archeological sites. Critical wildlife habitat for brown bears due to salmon supply until November.
Yukon River Southeast Fairbanks Upstream preserve boundary near Calico Bluffs to downstream preserve boundary near Circle
128
1993
W, S
G, W, H Historic site, recognized by Congress, with association to gold rush era on Yukon River. Geologic features show strata of precambrian era. 700 million year old marine fossils.