Lesson Plan

Preserving Our Heritage

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Grade Level:
Ninth Grade-Twelfth Grade
Community, Government, Historic Preservation, History, Language Arts, Leadership, Social Studies
Several class periods and/or homework
Group Size:
Up to 36
National/State Standards:
MS Studies:
5, 5b

US Government:
6, 6a

Personal Leadership 1:
1, 1a, 1b, 1c, 1h, 1i, 2, 2a, 2b, 2c, 2f, 2g

Community Service:
1, 1a, 1b, 1c, 1d, 2, 2a, 2b, 2c, 3, 3a, 3b, 3c, 4, 4a, 4b, 4c, 4d, 4e, 4f
Conservation, Preservation, Paradigm shift, heritage, environmental education, environmental assessment, community service, service learning, historic preservation, environmental preservation, National Parks, national park service


Students will investigate local treasures that are not protected. They will investigate how to help protect them and develop a management proposal.  This lesson specifically relates to areas related to the old Natchez Trace, however, the methods could be applied to any local landmark.


Enduring Understanding: There are natural and historic treasures that need to be preserved.

Essential Question: Why should the Natchez Trace Parkway be protected?

The students will learn about the importance of local heritage and their role in protecting that heritage.


Conservation planning in the National Park Service involves planning for resource protection, facilitating public input on NPS decisions, conducting environmental assessments and guiding policy on environmental compliance.

Specifically our functions include:

  • Formulation of policy recommendations and establishment of procedures, methods, and standards for all aspects of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA).
  • Technical assistance and training for regional offices and National Park System Units regarding environmental compliance activities and federal laws.
  • Coordination of environmental compliance activities with other federal agencies whose actions affect park resources.
  • Technical assistance on environmental assessments and impact statements.
  • Project management for nationally significant environmental analysis efforts.
  • Coordination of NPS wide responsibilities using environmental analysis as a decision tool.
  • Facilitation of dispute resolution within the NPS and with other agencies. (from https://www.nature.nps.gov/protectingrestoring/conservationplanning/)


1.) Varies with student involvement. Download the worksheet for guidance on planning



Completeness of report.

Park Connections

This lesson teaches students the importance of preservation and conservation and how and why the Natchez Trace Parkway is preserved by the National Park Service.


1.) When studying properties that are persevered and protected or that are not but need to be, point this out to students.Engage students in a debate considering the pros and cons of protecting this area. 

2.) If the students discover a local property owner who is interested in preserving their historic property, students could research how to help the property owner care for their property.

3.) Visit the Natchez Trace Parkway and have the students research how it is preserved and protected.

4) Research how Climate Change is affecting the future of natural and historic resources. 

Additional Resources

 National Park Service Science

The Nature Conservancy

National Trust for Historic Preservation

Advisory Council on Historic Preservation

Youth and Historic Preservation


Conservation, preservation, paradigm shift

Last updated: April 14, 2015