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Law, Regulations, and Guidance

A number of resources are available to assist museums, agencies, and Native American communities in carrying out NAGPRA. For additional information regarding the specialized terms used in NAGPRA, see the NAGPRA Glossary. The NAGPRA Basics Training is one of the resources available on-demand. The training covers the background of NAGPRA, the consultation and decision making process, notices, grants, and civil penalties. Sign up to be notified of future notifications of updates to the Law and Regulations page.

Law and Regulations

Secretarial Orders

  • Secretarial Order 3261 [Jul. 7, 2005] PDF

Summaries, Inventories, and Notices

Excavations and Inadvertent Discoveries

  • 43 CFR 10 Subpart B Overview (Excavations and Inadvertent Discoveries) PDF
  • Inadvertent Discoveries on Tribal Lands - Overview PDF
  • Inadvertent Discoveries on Federal Lands - Overview PDF
  • Intentional Excavations on Tribal and Federal Lands - Overview PDF
  • Priority of Custody/Ownership Flowchart [43 CFR 10.6 and 25 U.S.C. 3002(a)] PDF
  • Cultural Affiliation PDF
  • Plan of Action Checklist PDF
  • Comprehensive Agreement Checklist PDF
  • NAGPRA Section 3 and the Requirements of ARPA PDF
  • Comparison of NAGPRA, ARPA, and NHPA Section 106 PDF


Legislative History (including Preambles)

  • US House Report 101-877 [Oct. 15, 1990] PDF
  • US Senate Report 101-473 [Sep. 26, 1990] PDF

Regulatory History (including Preambles)

U.S. Senate

  • May 10, 1993 Indian Affairs Committee Oversight Hearing, S. Hrg 103-198 (Not available)
  • Dec. 6, 1995 Indian Affairs Committee Oversight Hearing, S. Hrg 104-356
  • Jul. 30, 1996 Markup of S. 1983 (Not available)
  • Apr. 20, 1999 Indian Affairs Committee Oversight Hearing, Witness list
  • Jul. 25, 2000 Indian Affairs Committee Oversight Hearing, Witness list
  • Sep. 9, 2002 Committee on Energy and Natural Resources regarding S. 2598, S. Hrg 107-258
  • Oct. 11, 2004 Indian Affairs Committee regarding S. 2843, S. Hrg 108-406
  • Dec. 8, 2004 Indian Affairs Committee Oversight Hearing, S. Hrg 108-768
  • May 12, 2005 Indian Affairs Committee regarding S. 536, S. Hrg 109-67
  • Jul. 28, 2005 Indian Affairs Committee Oversight Hearing, Witness list

U.S. House of Representatives

Frequently Asked Questions
Law and Regulations
Online Databases
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