FR Doc E6-3552
[Federal Register: March 14, 2006 (Volume 71, Number 49)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Inventory Completion: Gilcrease Museum, Tulsa, OK
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of the
completion of an inventory of human remains and associated funerary
objects in the possession of the Gilcrease Museum, Tulsa, OK. The human
remains and associated funerary objects were removed from Craighead
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3).
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native
American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National
Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice.
A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by Gilcrease
Museum professional staff in consultation with representatives of the
Quapaw Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma.
Between 1964 and 1968, human remains representing a minimum of 161
individuals were removed from the Charlie MacDuffie farm in Craighead
County, AR, by avocational archeologist Frank Soday. The human remains
and associated funerary objects were deeded by gift to the Gilcrease
Museum in 1982 by the Soday Research Foundation. No known individuals
were identified. The 16,783 associated funerary objects are 77 whole
and restored ceramic vessels; 8,093 spindle whorls, clay beads, and pot
sherds; 938 lithic flakes and tools, including projectile points,
scrapers, drills, and burins; 327 fire-cracked rocks, hammerstones,
celts, cores, and cobbles; 4,415 faunal bones and bone and antler
tools; 2,407 mussel shells, shell fragments, and shell beads; 206
turtle shells and shell fragments; 249 daub samples; 52 charcoal
pieces; 7 wood and floral samples; and 12 mineral specimens. The 9,097
unassociated funerary objects removed from the MacDuffie farm are
described in an accompanying Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural
The Charlie MacDuffie site (3CG21) is located near the town of
Lunsford in Craighead County, northeastern Arkansas. Excavation records
indicate that the site consisted of a "large village with two
mounds." Non-destructive analysis indicates that the human remains are
Native American. Cultural items associated with the human remains have
been determined to date to the Middle Mississippian period (A.D. 1170-
1300). Oral history evidence presented by representatives of the Quapaw
Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma indicates that the region has long been
included in the traditional and hunting territory of the Quapaw. French
colonial records from 1700 also indicate that the Quapaw were known
then to be the only Native American group present in the St. Francis
River valley region where the MacDuffie site is located. Based on the
geographical location and the date of interment, the human remains are
most likely to be culturally affiliated with the Quapaw Tribe of
Officials of the Gilcrease Museum have determined that, pursuant to
25 U.S.C. 3001 (9-10), the human remains described above represent the
physical remains of 161 individuals of Native American ancestry.
Officials of the Gilcrease Museum have also determined that, pursuant
to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(A), the 16,783 objects described above are
reasonably believed to have been placed with or near individual human
remains at the time of death or later as part of the death rite or
ceremony. Lastly, officials of the Gilcrease Museum have determined
that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared
group identity that can be reasonably traced between the Native
American human remains and associated funerary objects and the Quapaw
Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
affiliated with the human remains and associated funerary objects
should contact Randy Ramer, Curator of Anthropology, Gilcrease Museum,
1400 Gilcrease Museum Road, Tulsa, OK 74127-2100, telephone (918) 596-
2743, before April 13, 2006. Repatriation of the human remains and
associated funerary objects to the Quapaw Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma
may proceed after that date if no additional claimants come forward.
The Gilcrease Museum is responsible for notifying the Quapaw Tribe
of Indians, Oklahoma that this notice has been published.
Dated: February 10, 2006.
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E6-3552 Filed 3-13-06; 8:45 am]
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