22. Archeological Survey and Testing at Agate Fossil Beds National
Monument, Sioux County, Nebraska.
Clark, Caven P.
In May and October 1991, archeologists from the National Park Service's
Midwest Archeological Center conducted a survey of Marsland Road, which runs
across the northern portion of Agate Fossil Beds National Monument north of the
Niobrara River, and test excavated a portion of archeological site 25SX163 prior
to the construction of a new visitor center facility. Thirty-six previously
unrecorded sites were documented, including one Archaic and two
twentieth-century components. The bulk of the sites are attributable to
late prehistoric stage, although specific assignation is wanting for lack
of diagnostic artifacts or datable materials. An area of prehistoric quarrying was
discovered in the northwestern corner of the Monument, adding a significant
dimension to our interpretation of the activities undertaken here by Native
Americans. In October 1991 a total of 74 one-meter-square test units was
excavated on 13 archeological sites to determine their potential for National
Register eligibility and to collect sufficient data to make recommendations
regarding the impending disturbances facing these sites.
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