In August, 1994, Mark Lynott (NPS) directed
a crew from the Midwest Archeological Center
in test excavations. The testing was conducted
in the area where the parallel
walls entered the floodplain of the Scioto River. Fifteen square meters were
excavated, and a light scatter of habitation debris was found across the
entire landform. A single pit feature containing
fire-cracked rock, macrobotanical remains,
and a small amount of lithic debris was exposed. Analysis of this material
ongoing at the Midwest Archeological Center. Further studies relating to
Hopeton will continue in 1995.
N'omi Greber (Cleveland Museum of Natural History) is working on a report of
her field investigations at Seip. Her study will also attempt to construct
a base map and identify areas theat have been studied by previous investigators.
William Dancey (Ohio State University) has been conducting survey on the north
and east sides of the Hopewell site. Dancey's surveys are aimed at locating
habitation areas and better defining the settlement systems associated with
this important mound and earthwork site. The study is part of long-term catchment
survey being conducted as part of a cooperative agreement with the National
Park Service, and is intended to help the National Park Service better determine
boundaries for their future land acquisition efforts.
In recent years, archeologists have
employed several different geophysical survey instruments to detect
subsurface archeological features. Each of the instruments uses a different
technique to measure subsurface differences in soil matrix. Magnetometers
measure subtle differences in the earths magnetic field. Resistivity
meters measure difference in the resistivity of soils. Ground penetrating
radar uses radar to identify subsurface features in much the same way
that aerial radar is used to detect aircraft. The advantage of these
research techniques is that they permit archeologists to get an idea
of what may lie under the ground without actually digging. Variations
in soil and local environmental conditions generally dictate which
technique is most appropriate.
Commonwealth Associates received a purchase order from the National Park Service
to do a reconnaissance survey and prepare an overview of the archeological
resources at Cedar Banks. Little is known about this site, and it is located
on a landform that is being rapidly developed for industry and business. No
progress has been made on this study because the people who own the site will
not grant permission for the archeological study.
Mound City Group
James Brown (Northwestern University) has been working on a synthesis of archeological
research at Mound City Group. The study, which included analysis of extant
collections and extensive archival research, is nearing completion. A preliminary
draft manuscript describing this research has been submitted to the National
Park Service. Brown plans to revise the manuscript for future publication.
Mound City Group
Paul Sciulli (Ohio State University), through a cooperative agreement with
the National Park Service, is conducting an inventory of the human remains
from Mound City Group. The study is required by the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act, and should supplement the research conducted
by James Brown.
The National Park Service issued a purchase order to John Weymouth (University
of Nebraska) for geophysical surveys at the Hopeton and High Banks Earthworks.
The work at Hopeton is being conducted with Mark Lynott (Midwest Archeological
Center), and the work at High Banks is being conducted with N'omi Greber
(Cleveland Museum of Natural History). In 1994 the surveyors used proton
magnetometers and a soil resistance meter, instruments which are intended
to locate subsurface features. Weymouth is currently analyzing this data
and preparing for additional surveys in 1995.
Gray and Pape, Inc. received a purchase order from the National Park Service
to prepare an overview and assessment of this important Hopewell site in
Posey County, Indiana.
Mark Seeman (Cultural Resource Analysts, Inc.) has completed a bibliography
of archeological research in Ross County, Ohio. The study was funded by a
purchase order from the National Park Service. The bibliography is very comprehensive,
with annotations, and will be a significant aid to anyone interested in Hopewell
archeology. A computer file containing the bibliographic entries is being
maintained and updated at Hopewell Culture National Historical Park.