Supplement to SAA Archaeological Record, Volume 4, No. 2, March, 2004

Government Archaeology Column: 

Teaching Archaeology and Cultural Resource Management

In preparation for this article, Universities and Colleges were evaluated for emphasis on Cultural Resources Management (CRM) or Public Archaeology by visiting Anthropology Department web pages. Searches for special courses or programs were conducted with the following programs indicating a special emphasis.

The first part of this document is a list of all the University Web Pages that were visited as a part of this project. The universities that had some special emphasis are highlighted in the list. Those that are not highlighted had no special emphasis or courses that could be found on their web page. In some cases course listings were not available on department web pages, however. The second part of the document identifies those programs that had some emphasis on CRM or Public Archeology, either through special degree programs, special courses, or special relationships with CRM facilities.

This information was obtained directly from the department web pages and is not endorsed or supported in any way by the National Park Service or the Midwest Archeological Center. The information listed here is provided for information only and may not be all of the information that is available for that program. For more information on each program please visit the appropriate University web pages.

Anthropology Department Web Pages Visited

Departments offering specialized programs, degrees, courses, or some other emphasis on Cultural Resource Management (CRM) are linked to additional information below. Click on the link to go to that information. Departments that offered no special emphasis have no additional information provided. Links have not been provided to any of the Departments web pages. They can be found on the internet using any standard search engine.







District of Columbia


















New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

North Dakota





Rhode Island

South Carolina








Departments offering specialized programs or degrees in

Cultural Resource Management (CRM)

Programs offering a specialized program or degree are listed, including the program name, program description or requirements, and available course listings or descriptions.  Only courses relevant to the program or with an emphasis on CRM are listed.  For other course listing visit the University’s web page.

Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff

Program Name:  Applied Archaeology Emphasis

Program Description or Requirements:

This track prepares you for professional employment related to applied anthropology, in archaeology. Philosophically, our program is action anthropology, which involves research, intervention, management, and advocacy in service to groups and organizations.

 For this track, you must complete at least 42 hours of coursework, including an internship with an internship paper that you successfully defend.

For this emphasis, your coursework must include:

Core Requirements (27 hours)

Course Listings or descriptions:

ANT 524 Cultural Resource Management. History, legislation and procedures of managing prehistoric and historic cultural resources, including archaeological conservation and mitigation, preparation and review of proposals, and reporting requirements. (3)

University of California, Bakersfield

Program Name:  Special Project Option

Program Description or Requirements: 

The program is primarily geared toward the working student who plans to continue her/his graduate studies toward the Ph.D. in Anthropology, seeks career advancement in either private or public sectors, (e.g., human resource development, international business, historical preservation, cultural resource management, or work within various community organizations, as well as federal, state, and local governmental agencies), or who seeks to teach at the community college level. For that reason, the program offers three graduating options or “tracks”: a Thesis Option, a Teaching Option, and a Special Project Option.

The program of study is enhanced by opportunities to work on campus as research assistants in the Center for Archaeological Research and the Southern San Joaquin Valley Historic Resource Information Center, as Teaching Assistants in the Department, and in various community organizations as well as within federal, state, and local government agencies via the Internship programs available.

Requirements for the MA in Anthropology-Special Project Option: 50 Total Units

Required Course Work: 30 units

BEHS 500 Quantitative Methods in the Behavioral Sciences
BEHS 501 Advanced Research Design and Analysis
ANTH 535 Seminar in Biological Anthropology
ANTH 545 Seminar in Cultural Anthropology
ANTH 575 Seminar in Archaeological Theory
ANTH 694 Culminating Experience in Special Projects

Elective Course Work: 20 units

These units, 10 of which must be at the 500-level or above, must be approved by the student’s advisor and faculty committee.

Culminating Experience:

There are two ways of culminating the MA in Anthropology—Special Project Option, both of which occur by taking for credit, no credit ANTH 694 Culminating Experience in Special Projects, under the supervision of the student’s advisor and faculty committee:

1. Agency-Based Project

a. Submit for approval to the student’s faculty committee a prospectus for the Proposed Project which shall include a description of the intended project, its objectives, methods that will be used, the scholarly literature that will be consulted, and the timetable proposed for all stages of the project.

b. Present and defend a Final Report on the project to the student’s faculty committee in a meeting open to faculty and students-at-large.

Course Listings or Descriptions:

ANTH 415 Cultural Resource Management (5).  This course is designed to provide students interested in archaeology and/or environmental studies with a background in the legislation and rules that govern the consideration of cultural resources in the context of environmental impact studies.  Requirements regarding the disposition of human remains and coordination and consultation with Native Americans will be discussed.  [S]

University of California, Northridge

Program Name:  Public Archaeology Option

Program Description or Requirements: 

For graduate students, CSU Northridge offers two M.A. in Anthropology options, the General Master of Arts Degree in Anthropology and the Public Archaeology Master of Arts Degree in Anthropology.

Public Archaeology Option

Minimum of 33 units of graduate work (400, 500 and 600 level courses) in consultation with and advisor. At least 8 course must be in Anthropology and 21 units must be 500/600 level courses. All classes are 3 units each.

Required 500 and 600-level courses (15 units):

ANTH 518 Laboratory Methods in Archaeology
ANTH 601 Seminar in Anthropological Theory
ANTH 606 Problems in Archaeology
ANTH 607 Seminar in Management of Archaeological Resources
ANTH 694 Practicum in Cultural Resource Management

Electives (12 units) selected from the following:

ANTH 426 Old World Archaeology
ANTH 428 Archaeology of
ANTH 429 Archaeology of
South America
ANTH 430 Cultural Ecology
ANTH 451 Economic Anthropology
ANTH 453 Human Paleontology
ANTH 475 Anthropological Research Methods
ANTH 490A Seminar in Archaeology
ANTH 521
California Archaeology
ANTH 560 Social Evolution

Thesis (6 units):

ANTH 696A Directed Graduate Research
ANTH 696B Directed Graduate Research
ANTH 698 Thesis

Research Skill: proficiency in one of the following:

Course Listings or Descriptions:

ANTH 607 Seminar in Management of Archaeological Resources
ANTH 694 Practicum in Cultural Resource Management

Sonoma State University, Rohnert Park, CA

Program Name:  M.A. in Cultural Resources Management (CRM)

Program Description or Requirements: 

The Master of Arts in Cultural Resources Management (CRM) involves the identification, evaluation and preservation of cultural resources, as mandated by cultural resources legislation and guided by scientific standards within the planning process. The primary objective of the Master's Program in Cultural Resources Management is to produce professionals who are competent in the methods and techniques appropriate for filling cultural resources management and related positions, and who have the theoretical background necessary for research design and data collection and analysis.

Persons with an MA in CRM will be qualified to hold positions within the United States and its territories. Some individuals will also be qualified to serve outside of the United States in an advisory capacity in establishing and managing cultural resources management programs within environmental protection and preservation contexts of other nations.

The CRM program offers its graduates with training and experience in

Each student in the program, with the assistance and supervision of a primary faculty advisor, develops a plan of study and thesis project that reflects her or his special interest in cultural resources management. In addition, students are encouraged to present the results of their work and research in professional meetings, research publications and public documents.

Facilities and Faculty

The department's Anthropological Studies Center houses archaeology and ethnographic laboratories and a cultural resources management facility. The Studies Center maintains collections of artifacts, archaeological site records and maps, photographs, manuscripts, tapes and a specialized research library. The Center also provides computer services and facilities for specialized processing techniques, such as obsidian hydration. The Northwest Information Center manages historical records, resources, reports and maps; supplies historical resources information to the private and public sectors; and compiles and provides a referral list of qualified historical resources consultants. In addition to archaeologists and other anthropologists, participating faculty in the CRM program include historians, biologists, geographers, soil scientists and geologists.

Requirements for the M.A. in Cultural Resources Management

The design of the course of study as a 2 1/2-year program presumes that students are full time and not working. Experience with the program so far indicates that working students cannot successfully carry full graduate loads, and, consequently, it takes three years or more for working students to complete our program of study.

Total units in the CRM degree: 30

** Internships are decided upon by discussion between the student and his or her advisor. Students will normally take both on-campus and off-campus internships. On-campus internships are available at the Cultural Resources Facility, Interpretive and Outreach Services Office, the Northwest Information Center, Archaeological Collections Facility and Ethnography Lab. Off-campus agencies include the Office of Historical Preservation, the National Park Service and the Sonoma County Museum.

Student Internships

As part of the CRM graduate program, students are required to complete three internship units so they may gain experience in a variety of cultural resource management settings. Below is a small sample of the off-campus agencies, companies, and groups where students have worked as interns in the past.

California Department of Forestry, California Department of Transportation, California Lands Commission, City of San Francisco, Planning Department, City of Santa Rosa, Federated Coast Miwok, Indian Justice, Center at Petaluma, Jack London State Historic Park, Napa County Historical Society, Napa County Landmarks Commission, National Park Service at Golden Gate National Recreation Area, National Park Service at Point Reyes National Seashore, Northwest Information Center, Pacific Legacy, Inc., Sonoma County Museum, Sonoma County Planning Department, State Office of Historic Preservation, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

Course Listings or Descriptions:

500 Proseminar (4) Introduction to research methodology in the social sciences; research design and implementation; use of library and archival materials; editorial review of writing; and guide to preparation of professional anthropological papers. Prerequisite: admission into Cultural Resources Management Program or consent of instructor

503 Seminar in Cultural Resources Management (3) Review of federal, state, and local legislation pertinent to the inventory, evaluation, and treatment of cultural resources. Emphasis is placed on process of evaluation according to federal guidelines, the Section 106 Process, and the National Register of Historic Places. Prerequisite: graduate standing in CRM or consent of instructor.

592 Special Topics in CRM (2)  A seminar designed to address topics of current and timely interest in the field of cultural resources management. Course format will showcase a series of guest lectures, and CRM faculty will alternate as course organizers. Course may be taken twice for credit. Cr/NC only. Prerequisite: ANTH 500 or concurrent enrollment in ANTH 500.

596 Agency Internships (1-3)  Students will have an opportunity to apply anthropological theory and methods and/or cultural resources management procedures as interns with public and private agencies. Internships require faculty approval, and a minimum of 45 hours of work per unit per semester, including regular consultation with the faculty sponsor. This internship is usually overseen by supervisors in off-campus agencies who report to faculty supervisors. Cr/NC only. May be repeated for credit.

596B Internship in Cultural Resources Management (2-3) Students will team with staff of SSU's Anthropological Studies Center to get intensive, hands-on experience in carrying out CRM projects, including: responding to requests for proposals, assessing the legal context of their work, budgeting, field logistics, cultural resources inventory, mapping, and report writing. Internships require a minimum of 45 hours of work per semester/unit, including regular consultation with faculty sponsor. Cr/NC only. Prerequisite: graduate standing and consent of instructor.

596C Internship in Information Management (2-3) Students will team with staff of the Northwest Information Center to get intensive instruction in and experience with a variety of archival and research-based information, and a range of data management techniques relevant to current practices in cultural resources management and historic preservation in the regulatory context. Internships require a minimum of 45 hours of work per semester/unit, including regular consultation with faculty sponsor. Cr/NC only. Prerequisite: graduate standing and consent of instructor.

597 Anthropology Internships (1-3) Students will have an opportunity to apply anthropological theory and methods and/or cultural resources management procedures as interns with public and private agencies. Internships require faculty approval, and a minimum of 45 hours of work per unit per semester, including regular consultation with and evaluation by the faculty sponsor. Cr/NC only. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: graduate standing and consent of instructor.

American University, Washington DC

Program Name:  The MA Program in Public Anthropology

Program Description or Requirements: 

The MA Program in Public Anthropology prepares students in archaeology and cultural/social anthropology for careers in public service, commuity organizing and social advocacy. Through coursework, research projects and internship experiences, students explore the workings of culture, power and history in everyday life and acquire skills in critical inquiry, problem solving and public communication. Coursework in related fields - Sociology, Public History, Education, International Development, Justice, Law and Society - enhances these perspectives and skills. Program graduates are prepared for employment in the DC area, other US locations and international settings. They work with projects in such areas as cultural resource management, women's and minority health, educational equity, refugee resettlement, human rights and environmental justice.

Course Listings or Descriptions:

ANTH-533  Anthropology, Managing Cultural Resources (3).  Explores the field of cultural resources management and preservation. This course examines the range of resources—from archeological sites to historic structures to living communities—that are often given protected status and the reasons for such protection. Also considers the benefits to society of this protection, along with the available policies, processes, and laws that are utilized in the preservation effort. Usually offered alternate springs. Prerequisite: ANTH-253 or ANTH-531, or permission of instructor. Course level:  Graduate and Advanced Undergraduate

University of South Florida, Tampa

Program Name:  MA in Public Archaeology

Program Description or Requirements: 

USF is the leading institution in the state for producing Florida archaeologists. Thirty percent of the local organization for professional, practicing archaeologists in the state is made up of graduates of the USF archaeology program…, Our graduates clearly dominate professional archaeology in the state of Florida. Many of our graduates have also gone on to careers in academia, or public and private sectors outside the state of Florida.

Archaeology field schools are offered each summer and there are additional opportunities for experience on CRM and funded research projects throughout the academic year.

Graduates of our program have been extremely successful in obtaining employment with CRM firms (Cultural Resource Management), in federal and state government agencies, in museum positions, and in academia.

Course Listings or Descriptions:

ANG 6197 Public Archaeology (3 credits).  Current topical issues in Public Archaeology including Cultural Resources Management.

University of Maryland

Program Name:  Resource Management and Cultural Process Track

Program Description or Requirements: 

This track prepares a student to enter a variety of fields related to resource management, environmental issues, cultural conservation, and regional planning. The focus is on anthropological contributions to such fields as agricultural development, natural resources management, tourism and heritage development, and urban and/or regional planning

Typical areas of special interest and career development include: (just some of listed)

cultural and heritage tourism,

cultural and environmental conservation,

historic preservation,

Course requirements for the MAA program consist of a series of required core courses, required and elective courses within the selected track, and an internship.

Course Listings or Descriptions:

ANTH 650 - Resource Management and Cultural Process.  Introduction to anthropological contributions to resource management and environmental protection, to include natural resources, agricultural development, heritage management, urban and regional resource planning, and tourism development. Focus on ecological and cultural approaches.

ANTH 789 - Internship Experience (3-12 credits).  All students in the MAA program are required to complete a problem-oriented internship with an appropriate public agency or private institution. Before beginning any internship, students first must select a graduate committee, consisting of a Faculty Advisor and two other members. Students are expected to secure their own internship, which must meet the approval of their faculty committee. Students must then produce a formal internship proposal and pass an oral examination by the faculty committee, which determines whether the student is sufficiently prepared to begin the Internship. The Internship is then conducted under the direction of the student's Faculty Advisor and an agency supervisor. Upon completion of the Internship, students are required to complete the Internship Analysis (ANTH 712). In order to complete the program within two years, most students conduct the Internship during the Summer Session between the first and second year, but some internships have been begun later or lasted well into the next semester.

Boston University, Boston,

Program Name:  MA in Archaeological Heritage Management

Program Description or Requirements: 

This degree is intended for those planning a career in public archaeology. The program seeks to provide a balance between the academic study of archaeology and practical training in the identification, evaluation, and management of archaeological resources. It includes a practicum, internship, or other apprenticeship designed to provide the requisite experience. This might involve a semester-long internship with an approved cultural-resource management group, state historic preservation office, or other governmental office.

A minimum of eight semester courses is required, including AR701, AR780, AR805, AR910/AR911; at least one course in an archaeological science or technical study; and at least three additional courses relevant to the program of study. Students must also demonstrate a command of the skills and materials covered by AR503 or AR881, or take the course.

Course Listings or Descriptions:

AR480/ GRS AR780 Archaeological Ethics and The Law.  In this course students examine archaeology and professional ethics; archaeology as public interest; legal organization of archaeology; international approaches to heritage management; looting, collecting and the antiquities market; maritime law and underwater archaeology; cultural resource management in the United States. (Course fulfills department topical requirement.) (4.0/Lecture)

GRS AR910/911 Directed Study in Archaeological Heritage Management.  A full-time internship in an appropriate public or private firm, agency, or other organization involved in the practice of public archaeology.

GRS AR805 Archaeological Heritage Management.  Introduction to the practice of public archaeology in the U.S. Historical and legal background; state and federal programs; conducting archaeological investigations; archaeology as a business; the public interest; controversies, problems, and prospects in archaeological heritage management. (4.0/Lecture)

Michigan State University, East Lansing

Program Name:  Master’s Degree in the Professional Applications of Anthropology

Program Description or Requirements: 

Archaeology students can also obtain a 2-year master's degree in the Professional Applications of Anthropology (MAPAA) to prepare specifically for management positions in cultural resource management and historic preservation.  The Department of Anthropology offers a 2-year terminal master's degree in the Professional Applications of Anthropology (MAPAA).

In this Department, the traditional M.A. degree is most commonly earned as part of the student's doctoral program. The MAPAA degree provides students with an alternative career orientation, focusing on career development in professional specializations such as Cultural Resource Management or International Development.

The MAPAA degree will prepare students for careers as practicing professional anthropologists. The program will enable students to obtain graduate training within the field of Anthropology, to select a highly focused set of cognate courses in (for example, geographic information systems (GIS), resource development, or museum studies, and to demonstrate their competence as a practicing professional.

*Master's Degree in the Professional Applications of Anthropology requirements include:

1. Completion of four required courses:

* ANP 840 Biocultural Evolution

* ANP 855 Roots of Contemporary Anthropological Theory

* ANP 901 Seminar in Management and Resource Anthropology

* and an approved methods course.

2. Completion of additional coursework approved by the student's Guidance Committee, to total 30 credit hours. At least 15 credits must be taken in the Department of Anthropology, and at least 16 credits must be from 800- or 900-level courses.

3. Completion of an internship, unless this requirement is specifically waived by the student's Guidance Committee.

4. Preparation of an M.A. paper proposal and successful completion and public defense of an M.A. paper. This paper is similar in scope to an M.A. thesis, but differs in being submitted to the Department instead of the Graduate School.

Course Listings or Descriptions:

460 Public Archaeology.  Federal and state legislation and regulations governing archaeology and historic preservation.  Major agencies responsible for compliance.  Prerequisite: ANP 203 or ANP 202 or ISS 220.

Mississippi State, Starkville

Program Name:  Master of Arts in Applied Anthropology

Program Description or Requirements: 

The program in applied archaeology focuses on cultural resources management, including preparation in archaeological method and theory, proposal writing, consulting practices, and ethics. Specialty areas include archaeological surface survey and excavation methods; artifact analysis; settlement pattern analysis; environmental archaeology; zooarchaeology; and osteoarchaeology. The areal emphasis is the Southeastern U. S., although principles and methods are adaptable to application anywhere.

Course Listings or Descriptions:

AN 6523 Public Archaeology

AN 8553 Readings in Archaeology: Applications

AN 8216 Internship in Applied Anthropology.  Each student is required to participate in a summer or one-semester internship program. The student will receive six hours of credit for an internship lasting for the 10-week summer term or the 15-week semester. This requirement may be waived in lieu of prior appropriate documented work experience. Internships will be coordinated through the student's committee chair, who will monitor internship progress.

Archaeology/Bioarchaeology. Internships will be arranged with state and federal agencies that must take into account or manage archaeological resources. Students also may choose to serve as interns with cultural resources management firms or with local government units. Internships will be arranged with the prior understanding that each intern will work on a variety of projects and problems, gaining a wide-ranging knowledge of the unit's organization and responsibilities in relation to applied archaeology.

University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg

Program Name:  Applied Cultural Heritage Studies – Dual Master’s Program in Anthropology and History.

Program Description or Requirements: 

Recently, two new dual-master's degree programs were established to train graduates for employment in the public sector. The first, which offers a dual-master's with History, will focus on Applied Cultural Heritage Studies, and will be of interest to those wishing to work in museums, historic homes, and for goverment agencies (such as the National Park Service).

Course Requirements Common to Both Degrees:

1. ANT/HIS605 Presenting Heritage I

2. ANT/HIS606 Presenting Heritage II

3. ANT/HIS537 Heritage Resources and Public Policy

4. 12 hours of Internship

5. 6 hours of Thesis

Course Listings or Descriptions:

ANT631 Seminar in Archaeology

Archaeological Internships. Pending annual funding renewal, the Anthropology program is able to offer two graduate internships with the U.S. Forest Service, working on the DeSoto National Forest near Hattiesburg. The positions are normally limited to second-year students, and are assigned on a competitive basis. The internships include two summers of full-time work in addition to part-time work during the academic year.

University of Montana, Missoula

Beginnig in the Fall of 2005, the Anthropology Department will be offering a Ph.D. in Cultural Heritage. It will be four-field with a focus on research and management of cultural heritage. The program will be particularly strong in archaeology, bioarchaeology, ethnohistory, and applied linguistics (particularly language revitalization).

Program Name:  The Cultural Heritage Option For the Master of Arts Degree in Anthropology

Program Description or Requirements: 

The Cultural Heritage Option is a way to earn the MA degree in anthropology while focusing on methods and theories related to preserving the culture, heritage, and diversity of all peoples. It is designed to produce professionals in the many areas of culture heritage preservation who are firmly grounded in the fundamentals of anthropology. This is a broad option, which can accommodate students with interests in a variety of areas, including:  Cultural Resource Management, Historic Preservation, Prehistoric Archaeology, and similar archaeologically focused studies

The curriculum for students choosing this option is chosen in consultation with an appropriate faculty advisor, who will help guide the student toward appropriate classes for fulfilling their goals.

Since this option is designed to train professionals, the focus is on practical professional experiences, which may include an internship with an appropriate company or agency. Out of which will emerge a professional paper, exhibit, portfolio, or other original creative work that is used to satisfy the MA degree requirements.

Students who satisfactorily complete the following requirements will earn the Master of Arts degree in Anthropology with the Cultural Heritage option.

1.       Anthropology 500, 584, 587, and 3 credits in additional Anthropology graduate seminars.

2.       At least 3 credits of Cooperative Education Experience. Students unable to complete this requirement may substitute a 500-level class upon approval of their advisor and the Department Chair. Normally, the professional project is an outgrowth of this experience.

3.       A total 1 to 10 credits in ANTH 597 and/or 599, consistent with graduate school requirements (6 credits recommended).

4.       At least one methods class numbered 400 or higher.

5.       A midprogram assessment.

6.       A total of 36 credits and a professional paper. A professional paper consists of a project, report, portfolio, exhibit, or similar scholarly contribution; or a scholarly work published in a refereed journal or other reviewed forum.

Course Listings or Descriptions:

UG 451 Cultural Resource Management 3 cr. Offered spring. Introduction to the laws and practice of cultural resource/heritage property management. Focus on the methods and techniques for protecting and using cultural remains to their fullest scientific and historic extent. Also emphasis on responsibility to work with long range management of properties for the greatest scientific, historic, and public benefit.

UG 453 Cultural Resource Research Methods 3 cr. Offered intermittently. Prereq., ANTH 450, 451, or 452. Location and use of sources of information for developing and building contexts for the consideration of cultural resource significance.

U 398 Cooperative Education Experience Variable cr. (R 9) Offered intermittently. Prereq., 9 credits in anthropology; consent of faculty supervisor and cooperative education officer. Practical application of classroom learning through internship in a number of areas such as museology, cultural resource management, and forensics.

G 586 Seminar in CRM: Proposal Preparation and Contract Management 3 cr. Offered spring odd-numbered years. Prereq., graduate standing. Hands-on training in the production of proposals in response to Requests for Proposals or RFPs. Emphsis on contract management issues associated with project planning, employee management, contingency management, legal issues, multiple project management, and archaeological marketing and survival strategies.

G 587 Seminar in Cultural Resource Management 3 cr. Offered autumn. Prereq., graduate standing. Exploration of critical issues in cultural resource management (CRM) emphasizing the regulatory basis for federal CRM, public archaeology, and indigenous people's issues. Hands-on training in the design and production of federal planning documents.

G 598 Cooperative Education Experience Variable cr. (R 6) Offered intermittently. Prereq., graduate standing and consent of faculty supervisor. Practical application of classroom learning through internship in a number of areas such as museology, cultural resource management and forensics. Written reports are required.

Eastern New Mexico State, Protales

Program Name:  Anthropology and Applied Archaeology

Program Description or Requirements:  

Instruction is supplemented by an anthropological research division known as the Agency for Conservation Archaeology, as well as anthropological museums: the Blackwater Draw Museum, the Miles Anthropological Museum, and the Blackwater Draw National Historical Landmark site (the Clovis archaeological type site).

The Agency for Conservation Archaeology is an organization dedicated to the performance of archaeology in the public interest. The ACA is operated by Eastern New Mexico University and its primary mission is to enhance the education of archaeology students through research, archaeological outreach, contract archaeology, and contract mapping. It also provides insight into the day-to-day operation of a cultural resource management agency.

Course Listings or Descriptions:

ANTH 441, Historic Preservation (3). Federal and state laws/regulations; procedures for managing and protecting archaeological sites/artifacts; philosophical basis of historic preservation in the United States; ethical considerations; Federal and State regulatory administration. Prerequisite: ANTH 245/245L.

ANTH 510  Internship in Applied Anthropology (3-6). Provides hands-on experience in a non-academic setting for specific areas of interest; i.e., Cultural Resource Management. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

ANTH 542  Cultural Resource Management Applications (3). Federal and state contract procedures; proposal and budget preparation; preparing a memorandum of agreement; Section 106 compliance procedures; preparing cultural resource management reports; and curation administration.

ANTH 541

Historic Preservation (3). Federal and state laws and regulations; procedures for managing and protecting archaeological sites and artifacts; philosophical basis of historic preservation in the United States; ethical considerations; and Federal and State regulatory administration.

Oregon State University, Corvallis

Program Name:  Cultural Resource Management

Program Description or Requirements: 

Students will focus on courses designed to acquaint them with the spectrum of skills required of the modern applied archeologist or cultural resource specialist. This program is designed to prepare students for a relatively new, dynamic and demanding Cultural Resource Management career. Students receive training in prehistoric and historical archaeological method and theory, cultural resources policies and procedures, historic preservation, and contemporary American Indian issues.


9 Credits Core Courses

Anth 535 (3) Cultural Resources: Policy and Procedures
Anth 575 (3) Theory of Culture
Anth 595 (3) Anthropological Research Design

15 Credits Concentration and Method Courses

Anth 531 (3) Archaeological Theory
Anth 533 (3) First Americans Last Frontiers
Anth 534 (3)
North America After the Ice Age
Anth 536 (3) Northwest Prehistory
Anth 597 (3) Archaeological Field Methods

9 Credits Minor

Geo 545 (3) Computer Cartography
Geo 565 (3) Geography Information Systems
Geo 566 (3) Digital Image Process

6 Credits Internship

Anth 510 (6) Oregon State Historic Preservation Office, Salem

6 Credits Thesis

Anth 503 (6) Thesis

TOTAL (45) Credits

Cultural Resource Management Sample Program No. 2

9 Credits Core Courses

Anth 535 (3) Cultural Resources: Policy and Procedures
Anth 575 (3) Theory of Culture
Anth 595 (3) Anthropological Research Design

15 Credits Concentration and Method Courses

Anth 531 (3) Archaeological Theory
Anth 532 (3) Archaeology of Domestication & Urbanization
Anth 534 (3)
North America after the Ice Age
Anth 572 (3) Contemporary Indian Issues
Anth 597 (3) Field Methods

9 Credits Minor

Aihm 565 (3) Historic Textiles
Art 565 (3) Native American Art
Art 567 (3) Native American Art/Plains Art

6 Credits Internship

Anth 510 (6) The Center for Desert Archaeology, Tucson, AZ

6 Credits Thesis

Anth 503 (6) Thesis

TOTAL (45) Credits

Offers internships with various government and private CRM entities

Course Listings or Descriptions:

ANTH 430 TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY (1-3).  Recent advances in archaeology and their application to special fields of study. Topics vary from term to term but include archaeological theory, historic sites archaeology, zooarchaeology, issues in cultural resource management. PREREQ: ANTH 230 or ANTH 330 or equivalent. This course can be repeated.

ANTH 435 CULTURAL RESOURCES: POLICY AND PROCEDURES (3)Description and analysis of requirements and demands of cultural resource management. Historical development of cultural resource laws and appropriate field techniques and strategies to implement legislation. PREREQ: Anth 230, ANTH 431, or instructor approval required.

University of Memphis, TN

Program Name:  Public Archaeology/Cultural Resource Management Track

Program Description or Requirements: 

The Public Archaeology/Cultural Resource Management track is designed to produce employable Master's level anthropological archaeologists. In order to meet the rigors of this track, one should be fairly mobile, in good health, and able to perform in both field excavations and in the lab. Employment is usually found in various areas of "contract archaeology" mandated by various Federal laws designed to lessen the impact of destruction of sites and other cultural resources by Federally sponsored or licensed projects--dam construction, highway construction, activities of the Corps of Engineers, etc.

The department currently maintains links with concerned local, state, and federal agencies and with archaeological museum programs throughout the Mid-South. The Archaeology Program also implements its research participation through the C. H. Nash Museum and research participation and publication program through the Archaeological Research Center.

Core Courses:

The Archaeology M.A. Program requires 36 hours of completed coursework.  Archaeology students, along with students in the other two tracks, must take the following three courses

to form the basis for competence as anthropologists, regardless of the student's chosen applied specialization. Application to all three tracks is made during each course, and students are encouraged to focus their practical exercises within their own areas of interest in their chosen applied field. In addition to the common courses, archeology students must also take these two track specific courses:

All tracks must complete a practicum. The practicum is designed to provide practical experience, perhaps on an archaeological project, allowing the student to make contacts and, hopefully, convince their supervisors to hire the student at the first possible opportunity. Also, Archaeology students must have 6 hours (2 courses) of combined field and lab work, or the equivalent. Students can get this field experience during the Archaeology Field School, which is a month-long program that focuses on excavations at two Mid-South sites: Shiloh National Military Park and the Sigman Mississippian Settlement.

Course Listings or Descriptions:

7311. Public Archaeology. (3). Roles and responsibilities of the archaeologist in contract and salvage work, in museum research and administration, and in the public dissemination of archaeological information. A review of relevant state and federal legislation.

7380-89. Special Topics in Archaeology. (3-6). Topics in Public Archaeology. No more than six hours may be counted toward degree requirements in Anthropology.

Departments offering specialized courses with an emphasis in

Cultural Resource Management (CRM) or Public Archaeology

or associations with CRM facilities

University of California at Berkeley


Note: Anthro majors can use this class for an upper-division elective AND Method/OR Area requirements. It also counts for College requirements as upper-division outside the major.

Three hours lecture plus one required 2-hour lab per week. This course is a cross-disciplinary exploration of Cultural Heritage on a global and local scale through discussion, debate, in-class activities and team-based research projects that involve communication with heritage centers in different parts of the world. The themes of the course will include the global and local management of heritage sites; the creation of heritage sites; the ethnics of archaeologists as stewards of heritage; listening to multiple voices of interest groups; preservation and conservation of heritage; the destruction and looting of heritage; the public presentation through digital media, museums and education. The course discusses the research on cultural heritage in public archaeology, anthropology, historical ecology and preservation, cultural resource management, landscape studies and many other disciplines.

The class will work as six teams, led by the instructors and GSIs, to build a mosaic of six Heritage Futures tied together with a cohesive, data driven website. These six site areas will be chosen from around the world for their cultural and archaeological significance, including a focus on the San Francisco Bay Area to give us an opportunity to engage with real, local heritage issues. Students will be guided to enter into dialogue with students and managers at the heritage sites through instant messaging, email and other digital media.

This course will be taught in a way that demands active participation by students. Traditional “lectures” will rarely be given during the lecture meetings. Instead “information guides” to Internet and library sources and to the broader aspects of heritage issues will be provided on-line in advance. The assignments and activities of this course are focused on inquiry-based learning. That means that assessment of students will be based on their research and contributions to a real research database, rather than traditional tests or exams. The “information guides” will act as the first step in their own inquiries. Students will be guided and coached in their inquiries about heritage by their instructor-coaches in discussion sections.

Prerequisites: There are none, except an email account and regular access to the Internet. Although there is a strong digital and multimedia component to this course, no previous computer knowledge is required. Hands-on and online tutorials for all software will be provided throughout the course.

University of California, Santa Barbara

The M.A. program is designed for people who want only an M.A. degree and is especially appropriate for those wishing to pursue careers in cultural resource management.

Note:  Although CRM is noted as potential career path for those pursuing only an MA, no courses with CRM emphasis were found on the department’s web site.

San Francisco State University, CA

740 Seminar in Archaeological Problems (3) F Prerequisite: undergraduate course(s) in archaeology plus ANTH 710. Contemporary archaeological theory and its intersection with mainstream anthropological theory. Current issues in presenting the past to the present: Cultural Resource Management, issues in engendering the past, NAGPRA, the antiquities market, legal aspects of the past as owned by the present.

University of Denver, CO

Core Courses: Required of all Archaeology Students*:

ANTH 3790  Field Methods in Archaeology or a substitute field experience (e.g., previous CRM work.)

ANTH 4800  Ethics of Professional Practice

ANTH 3170 APPLIED HERITAGE MANAGEMENT  The role of archaeology in preservation and the management of cultural resources in terms of legislation, ethics and practical application, with emphasis of the utility, necessity and reality of doing archaeology today in the public sector.  Site report writing, governmental regulations and the business side of archaeology will be stressed.  Archaeological information from site reports and artifact analysis will be compiled and presented in a digital format.  4 qtr. hrs. Prerequisite:  ANTH 1103, AHUM 1910, or instructor’s permission.

Florida State University, Tallahassee

ANG 5196. Public Archaeology (3).  This course outlines the historic development of public archaeology and cultural resource management. Techniques and approaches applying anthropological perspectives contributing to the development of public archaeology as a viable method of dealing with prehistoric and historic materials in the United States are stressed.

University of Florida, Gainesville

Recent Graduate seminars - Cultural Heritage Management

University of West Florida, Pensacola

ANT 3820 Archaeological Field Survey, 3(F,S,SS) Prerequisite: ANT 3101.  A field methods course that focuses on the techniques of archaeological survey (locating sites). Field work is conducted on the university campus. The purpose is to acquire the basic skills of archaeological survey. Topics include the archaeological survey in cultural resource management, background research, field survey, field documentation, data analysis and report production. Permission is required.

ANT 4190 Historic Preservation in Archaeology, 3(F,S) Prerequisite: ANT 3101. Includes a detailed review of basic historic preservation laws and regulations, the historic preservation system, and the articulation of archaeological resources in that system. Topics include historic preservation law, historic preservation system, archaeological resource management, and the contribution to the discipline of anthropology. Permission is required.

ANT 4853C Geographic Information Systems in Archaeology, 3(F,S) Prerequisite: CGS 2570. Application of Windows-based Geographical Information Systems technology in anthropology, archaeology and cultural resource management. Credit may not be earned in both ANT 4076C and ANT 4853C.

ANG 5137 Nautical Archaeology Seminar, 3(F,S) Method and theory of nautical archaeology, development as a discipline, ethical considerations, evolution of ship construction and public laws and education.

ANG 6196 Policies, Practices and Archaeology in Historic Preservation, 3(F,S).  Legislation and regulations concerning cultural resources and the historic preservation system. Also covers compliance archaeology, contract archaeology, ethics, collecting, looting and the role of Native Americans and ethnic groups.

Georgia State University, Atlanta

Anth 8240. Public Archaeology. (3) Prerequisite: consent of the instructor. Laws and regulations governing cultural resource protection and preservation, the conduct of archaeology in a contract format, and mechanisms for public education.

University of Hawai’i

ANTH 165 - Heritage Sites in Archaeology (V) Combined lecture-lab-fieldwork course to introduce the concepts and practices of archaeology, historical research, historic site preservation, and heritage management. Repeatable one time. A-F only.

Idaho State University, Pocatello

ANTH g410 Introduction to Cultural Resources Management 3 credits. Introduction to CRM reviewing historic preservation and federal legislation as they pertain to archaeology; practical experience in site survey and recording. PREREQ: ANTH 203 OR PERMISSION OF INSTRUCTOR.

ANTH g478 Federal Indian Law 3 credits. Examination of tribal governments; their relationship with the federal government; sovereignty, jurisdictional conflicts over land
and resources; and economic development. Cross-listed as POLS g478.

Illinois State University, Normal

ANT 488 ARCHAEOLOGICAL ETHICS AND LAW, 3 sem. hrs. Intensive examination of current ethical issues involving the practice of archaeology and the nature and meaning of current laws regarding the excavation and study of archaeological sites and properties. Prerequisites: ANT 386; graduate standing.

ANT 498 - Professional Practice

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

390 Archaeological Heritage Management: Theory and Practice.  The study of heritage management emphasizes the recursive relationship between local, regional, national and international cultural patrimonies of the past in a historically and socially informed multivocalic present. The purpose of this course is to present the theoretical and practical issues of heritage management to advanced undergraduate students and graduates students committed to a career in archaeology, tourism, cultural landscapes, museums and related fields. The literature read in the course and the discussions held around the course topics provide training to these students who will be confronting cultural heritage and social and environmental impact issues as public archaeologists, landscape architects, resource managers, and museum curators, among others.  The course will be run largely as a seminar, focusing on discussion and debate of the readings (several books, articles compiled in a reader, websites).  Among the topics covered are the following:

*History and the preservation of place. How are histories of place constructed and reproduced? Whose histories? How can place history empower the local community?

*Theming the past. Invented tradition. Manufacturing history and inventing place

*Nationalism and the politics of culture

*Resort ruins and landscapes 

*Protecting Monuments. Conflicts. The concept of world heritage

*Case studies of  Stonehenge, Machu Picchu, Chichen Itza, Colonial Williamsburg

*The reconstruction of sites. Authenticity.  Simulacra.  Hyperreality

*Issues of representation, descendant communities, local communities

*The ethics of collecting


*CRM (Cultural Resource Management)

*International and national organizations concerned with heritage management

*Antiquities laws and their enforcement


*Public education and professional heritage practice in the public interest

175  ARCHAEOLOGY, POPULAR CULTURE AND THE PUBLIC (3hrs.)  This course explores the manner in which archaeologists and the public have reconstructed and conversed about the past -- their own past and that of others.  Through multiple case studies we examine the ways in which the ancient past has been interpreted, appropriated, represented, used and manipulated in the present for a variety of reasons by many different groups in many different societies.

Among the topics covered are: science vs. pseudo-science; racializing the past (ancient astronauts; Atlantis; the "myth of the moundbuilders", Afrocentrism, "Black Athena", and the Olmecs of Mexico); politics of the past (Nazi archaeology; contemporary Peruvian politics); contested places and shared spaces (modern-age cultists at Stonehenge, tourists at Maya sites, museums and exhibitions, the landscape of contemporary Australian aborginals); orientalism and the construction of ancient Egypt (the concept of orientalism, the discovery of Tutankamon's tomb, the 1932 Mummy film with Boris Karloff, the 1999 Mummy film with Brendan Fraser); science or sacrilege? (U.S. archaeologists vs. U.S. Native American tribes, Chief Illiniwek); the present and future of the past (the pasts of Other Americans: Puerto Ricans/Tainos, Chicanos/Aztlan; "Primitivism" in 20th century art, creating tomorrow's ruins through memorials and memory, the traffic in antiquities, archaeological ethics, the past we deserve).

Southern Illinois University, Carbondale

406 Conservation Archaeology. (3 credits) The method and theory of archaeology in relationship to local, state, and federal laws regarding the protection and excavation of antiquities. Emphasis is on problem oriented survey and excavation, as well as the preparation of archaeological contracts and the writings of reports to satisfy statutes involving environmental concerns. Prerequisite: 300C or 500C or consent of instructor.

Ball State University, Muncie

ANTH 204, Fundamentals of Archaeology (4) Introduces the types of data dealt with by archaeology, approaches to data recovery, methods of analysis, and problems of interpretation. Differing problems of traditional research, archaeology, and modern archaeological resource management are considered.

Indiana University, Bloomington

Track in Archaeology and Social Context.  The Ph.D. track in Archaeology in the Social Context bridges the subfields of Social/Cultural Anthropology and Archaeology to address archaeological issues as they apply to contemporary peoples. Students pursuing this track are expected to follow a course of study that will provide them with a general background in the discipline of anthropology, a broad knowledge of the fields of Social/Cultural Anthropology and archaeology, including theoretical issues and field/laboratory methods. Students will be expected to develop individualized interest areas that may include, but are not limited to, cultural property, public archaeology, archaeological ethics, heritage management and repatriation.

Iowa State University, Ames

434.  Internship.  Supervised practice in government agencies, museums, and business organizations. 

University of Kansas, Lawrence

Students are encouraged to take advantage of cultural resource management projects to gain practical experience in a variety of settings.

Harvard University, Boston

Anthropology 167. Public Archaeology.  Who owns the past, and who manages and presents it to us? Examines the history, ethics, legislation, and practice of public archaeology and cultural resource management (CRM). The role of government as well as non-governmental organizations will be considered. Topics include federal, tribal, state, and local archaeology, public education, site interpretation, site looting and illicit trade in artifacts. Archaeology wing faculty will present both Old and New World case studies.

University of Massachusetts, Boston

Anth 515  PUBLIC ARCHAEOLOGY.  An examination of cultural resource management in New England and the United States, including the significance of state and federal environmental protection legislation and the implementation of these laws, from the drafting of proposals and the granting of contracts to the collection of data and reporting of results.  Students will learn the processes of national register nomination, problem-oriented proposal and report writing, and calculation of budget estimates for proposed work.  PREREQUISITE: Anth 241, or expertise in contract archaeology.  3 Lect Hrs, 3 Credits.

Michigan Technological University, Houghton

Michigan Tech's Industrial Archaeology program has a strong applied aspect designed to give students the tools to succeed in future work. Course work includes specific practical and professional skills in addition to theoretical and intellectual content.  Thesis projects are often developed in conjunction with outside sponsors, and incorporate real-world situations concerned with site identification, interpretation, preservation, and management. Our 30+ graduates since 1993 have moved successfully into professional positions and/or Ph.D. programs for further education.

Our program logically leads to four potential career trajectories:

    * Ph.D. programs

    * Museum work

    * Government agencies

    * Private industry.

SS 5900 - Heritage Management Introduces the current field of heritage management; the legislation that underwrites its practice; the articulation of federal, state, and local governmental activity; the evolving philosophies of archaeologists and historic preservationists operating in the public interest; parallels on the international scene; and the impacts of heritage tourism. Credits: 4.0 Lec-Rec-Lab: (4-0-0) Semesters Offered: Spring Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Level(s): Graduate

University of Michigan Ann Arbor

495 CULTURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT This course explores the relationships between governmental rule making and organization on the one hand and archaeology and historical preservation on the other. To this end, Federal and selected state statutes--and the rules and procedures stemming there from--will be examined. Noteworthy projects and publications, which have resulted from legally mandated environmental impact research, will be analyzed.

University of Missouri, Columbia

Anthropology 480: Graduate Internship in Anthropology (3-6). Prerequisites: Graduate Status, coordinator's consent. Description: Students will work for a semester in a community-based organization (NGO, nonprofit, for profit, or governmental). They will conduct a research study in coordination with that agency and will use this research project to collect pilot data that they can use to develop, for a final class project, a grant proposal written in collaboration with the agency. The course coordinator will help students identify and make contact with interested organizations and oversee their progress during the internship. Graded on S/U basis only.

Washington University in St. Louis, MO

4752 Practicing Archaeology.  Applied archaeology is where most graduating archaeology students get their first job, and where most American field work is now found. This course introduces the student top proper practices of cultural resource management and contract archaeology. Among the issues covered will be pragmatic approaches to funding agencies, compliance with regulations such as NAGPRA and professional ethics. These will be covered via the "writing intensive" approach, because one of the sills most sought by project managers and employers is writing competence. Prerequisite: Junior Standing. Credit 3 units.

300 Internship in Archaeology.  Internship with and archaeological project or organization where the primary objective is to obtain professional experience outside of the classroom.  Student must have a faculty member sponsor, and a site or project supervisor.  Prerequisite: Open only to archaeology majors, with junior standing, and permission of the department.  Credit variable, maximum 3 units.

University of Nebraska, Lincoln

INTRODUCTION TO CONSERVATION ARCHAEOLOGY (3 cr.) Prereq: ANTH 232 or permission. An introduction to the nature and purpose of historic preservation as it pertains to resource management and archaeological research. Emphasis is place upon legislation that forms the basis for cultural resource management principles; integration of state programs and archaeological contractors within the overall frame work of land modification planning.

Montclair State University, Upper Montclair, NJ

Training and Job Placement in Cultural Resource Management (CRM) are logical outgrowths of the Center’s field schools and the Residential Archaeology Program and offers paid employment and practical experience for students participating in contract archaeology projects overseen by the Center’s faculty and other professionals working in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeast United States.  CRM is archaeology’s largest and most productive research environment and job market today.

Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ

01:070:393 Cultural Resource Management [3] (undergrad course).  (Prerequisite: 01:070:105).  Legal, administrative, executive and practical aspects of the theory and practice of cultural resource management, with emphasis on archaeological resources. One field trip.

University of New Mexico, Albuqueruqe

The Office of Contract Archaeology, the oldest and largest cultural resource management organization in the Southwestern United States, is the archaeological cultural resource management arm of the program.

Columbia University, New York

Historic Preservation, Cultural Site Management (A6318) (GR)

Conservation Seminars in Masonry, Wood, and Metals

State University of New York, Binghamton

ANTH 585 CULTURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT: POLICY AND PROCEDURES 2 credits Various cultural resources related to present management regulations and practices, legal and political obligations, present contracting practices of federal and state agencies. Management process, case studies to evaluate present state of the art in this application of anthropological science.

ANTH 586 CONDUCT OF ARCHAEOLOGY IN THE CULTURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK 2 credits Practical problems of conducting archaeological research in this applied framework; complex, often ill-defined constraints under which archaeologist must operate. Case studies demonstrate evolution of CRM programs and projects. Provides technical and theoretical bridge between anthropological archaeology and its application to the management framework.

The Public Archaeology Facility (PAF) is a research center within the Department of Anthropology specializing in Cultural Resource Management. PAF's primary goal is to train archaeologists to be field and research specialists within a cultural resource management (CRM) framework. PAF's research focus is the Northeastern United States with an emphasis on the Susquehanna, Chenango, and Chemung Valleys of New York and Pennsylvania. Students receive intensive mentoring in the legal, administrative, and research management of archaeological projects through a variety of grants and contracts awarded to PAF

State University of New York, Buffalo

UB Archaeological Survey- A not-for-profit research, contracting and applied archaeology institution within the Department of Anthropology at the State University of New York at Buffalo. It has been engaged in Cultural Resource Managment (CRM) projects for over 30 years.

Syracuse University, NY

ANT 445/645  Public Policy and Archaeology.  Proactive critique of public policy and implementation efforts to preserve and protect archaeological and historical sites and resources.

University of Cincinnati, OH

15-091-512.   Public Archaeology Internship. 3-8 ug. cr. Practical experience in the conduct of preservation and/or contract archaeology, including the preparation of National Register nominations and field work and/or laboratory analysis and report preparation. Prereq.: P.I.

Portland State University, OR

Anth 422/522 CONTEMPORARY AMERICAN INDIAN POLICY (4) An examination of current federal, state, and tribal law and policy pertaining to Indian affairs, including tribal government organization, government-to-government relations, economic development, natural and cultural resource management, health care, welfare, and education. Both reservation communities and the Portland metropolitan Indian community are considered. Student research is based on reading, field trips, and interviews with tribal officials and other policy professionals. Anth 313, 314 recommended.

Anth 453/553 ARCHAEOLOGICAL FIELD METHODS (4) The theory and practice of contemporary archaeological field investigation research design, survey and reconnaissance, site excavation, sampling and recording techniques, cultural resource management. Prerequisite: Anth 350.

*Anth 456/556 ISSUES IN CULTURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT (4) Examines the current cultural, legal and regulatory issues, problems, and frameworks affecting the management of cultural resources in North America and elsewhere in the world. Course coverage will include such topics as the laws affecting antiquities trafficking, and the relationships between indigenous peoples and archaeologists. Prerequisite: Anth 350. (not offerd every year)

University of Oregon, Eugene

449/549_Cultural Resource Management (4) [ARCH] Objectives, legal background, operational problems, ethical and scholarly considerations in the management of prehistoric and historic cultural resources. Prereq for 449: Anth 443 and 4 credits of upper division archaeology or prehistory, or instructor's consent; Prereq for 549: graduate standing in anthropology or instructor's consent.

344_Oregon Archaeology (4) [ARCH] Native American cultural history of Oregon based on archaeological evidence. Focuses on environmental and ecological factors that condition human adaptations and on contemporary cultural resource protection issues. Taught by staff members from the Museum of Natural History.

Temple University, Philadelphia

0205. Heritage Management in Archaeology (3 s.h.) S. The United States and other governments of the world have legal mandates to manage cultural resources on behalf of the public. This course focuses on the archaeological component of cultural resources management in the United States and its linkage with environmental and developmental planning. Participants are given a working knowledge of how the system works, and how to work within it as a professional through a series of readings, classroom discussions, and hands-on exercises. Topic coverage includes; relevant legislation; the phased approach to archaeological and historical research; state and federal review procedures; proposal writing; interacting with clients, native peoples, and the public; professional ethics and standards. The nature of heritage management in other countries is considered for comparative purposes and as a way of illuminating the historical, socio-economic, and legal factors that have shaped the practice in the United States. Note: This course helps to satisfy topical requirements in the Anthropology major and the Environmental Studies major. Mode: Seminar.

0395. Internship in Archaeology (3 s.h.) F S SS.  Prerequisite: Agreement by faculty member to supervise student's work. This course provides hands-on, professional level work experiences for Anthropology majors focusing on the study of archaeology. It is designed for students who have already completed basic course work in archaeology, including the department’s field school (Anthropology 0320 & 0321). Students will be placed with one of a number of firms in the region involved in cultural resource management studies where they will be employed in a variety of laboratory and field activities. The intensity and focus of the experience will be tailored to the particular needs or interests of the student, but minimally will involve 8 hours of effort per week. Mode: Service learning and experiential learning.

University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Archaeological Research Laboratory (ARL) is a research, cultural resource assessment, and consulting unit dedicated to the conduct of high quality and timely work for government agencies and private entities while providing a practical institutional mechanism for student experiential learning and continuing education. In combination with the University's Frank H. McClung Museum and the University community, the ARL can offer an impressive set of research services.

The research faculty and staff of the Archaeological Research Laboratory serve as an applied archaeological research adjunct to the Department of Anthropology and assist its mission and programs by providing:

1.       Experiential training and formal learning opportunities for undergraduate and graduate students in the public practice of archaeology

2.       Technical assistance, educational media and professional development opportunities to practicing archaeologists

Programs designed to translate the products of archaeological research for public education and recreation.

Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX

5033. PROSEMINAR ON ETHICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY. Focuses on ethical issues in current archeology, including collaboration with descendant communities, study of human remains, repatriation of cultural property, and research collaboration in international contexts.

Texas A & M University, College Station, TX

Students enrolled within these programs [MA] receive training preparing them for professional research careers in governmental agencies, museums or private industry. The department has a well-rounded program in anthropology with offerings in cultural anthropology, archaeology, physical anthropology and folklore. The nautical archaeology program provides specialized training in the survey, recording, excavation, conservation, and analysis of shipwreck sites.

University of Utah, Salt Lake City

Archaeological Practice (3) Prerequisite: Graduate standing required.  Seminar on the current practice of archaeology in the U.S., including coverage of legal, regulatory, and commercial topics. Coordinated by a regular faculty member, with participation of members of the regional archaeological community.

Brigham Young University, Salt Lake City, UT

512. Heritage Resource Management. (3) Prerequisite: admittance into archaeology graduate program.

Legal and ethical issues in archaeology and museum studies: preservation law, collections law, public archaeology, Native American issues, careers in archaeology and museums.

599. Federal Agency Internship. (1-6)  Earning credit while employed in federal agency archaeology. Agencies include the BLM and U.S. Forest Service.

College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA

455. Practicing Cultural Resource Management. Spring (3) Blanton, Gallivan. Prerequisites: ANTH201, ANTH301. This course introduces students to the practice of cultural resource management (contract archaeology), including hands-on experience in planning, proposal preparation, field and laboratory strategies, project management and the reporting process. (Formerly ANTH322) (Cross listed with ANTH555)

Washington State University, Pullman

ANTH 535 - CULTURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT: [3 units] This course is designed to introduce students to: 1) concepts of archaeological and historical properties as resources for society; 2) the legal and institutional frameworks within which cultural resources (including archaeological sites and historic places and structures) are preserved and managed in the United States; 3) goals and procedures in the management of cultural resources by federal and state agencies and Indian tribes; 4) the role and conduct of research in a CRM framework; and 5) the role of interpretation and public education in the preservation and management of cultural resources. The course should help students begin developing a professional capability in cultural resource management. It will be useful for those who expect to work in CRM-based research, or in a federal or state agency position in which they have responsibility for managing cultural resources. Grades are based on short take-home assignments, usually involving problem solving in a CRM context; a class project, submitted in the form of a report; and contributions to class discussions.

University of Wyoming, Laramie

MA program - Obj. 4.

Students gain internship or work experience at federal or state agencies, private companies, or in UW contracts or grants.

4970. Internship. 1-12 (max. 12). Internship allows students to gain hands-on experience, bridging the gap between anthropology as an academic discipline and anthropology as practiced in museums, public archaeology agencies, non-governmental organizations, and private consulting companies. Each internship will involve a required academic component in addition to work experience. Internship credit cannot fulfill requirements of the major. Prerequisites: anthropology major of junior/ senior standing and consent of internship director and/or department head.