Indian Mounds Park

A sign that reads Indian Mounds Regional Park.
Entrance to Indian Mounds Regional Park

NPS/Kyle Just

Introduction

Much of Indian Mounds Regional Park sits on the top of a high bluff overlooking the Mississippi River and downtown Saint Paul. This is a sacred place of burial that has deep significance to the Upper Sioux Community, Lower Sioux Community, Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux Community, Prairie Island Indian Community, Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin, Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska, Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate, and other descendants of those who are buried here.

Visit Indian Mounds Regional Park | Saint Paul Minnesota (stpaul.gov) to learn about the current Cultural Landscape Study and Messaging Plan by the City of St. Paul. This study is an initial step to update the City’s practice for preservation awareness, and understanding of sites significant to American Indians.

History

Indian Mounds Regional Park was established in 1893 and is one of the oldest parks in the region. Situated atop Dayton's Bluff east of downtown St. Paul, it is a burial site for at least two American Indian cultures and is just upriver from where the first historic Kaposia village site was once located.

Anthropologists believe that an ancient people known as "Hopewell" created the earliest mounds, which were built between 1,500-2,000 years ago. Although there was much diversity in the mound-building customs, the typical Hopewell mound had a distinct internal structure. A low, circular platform of clay was constructed at the center of the mound. Ashes of the deceased were placed in the concave top of the platform, and sometimes fine pottery and stone tools were also included. This was covered by the conical mound, which consisted of alternating layers of sand and earth. The Hopewell capped the mound with a thick layer of gravel and pebbles.

In more recent times, the Dakota also used this site for their burials. Unlike the Hopewell, the Dakota wrapped the bones of their deceased in a bison skin before burying them. Valuable objects like knives, foods, pipes, or even horses or canoes were also placed within the mound. The Dakota may have used mounds constructed by the Hopewell or constructed their own on the same site.

At least thirty-seven mounds once stood along the bluffs of the Mounds Park area; only six remain today.

Activities

The park has paved trails that traverse the bluffs and link into other trails. There is an outstanding view of the Mississippi River and of the St. Paul skyline. Picnic tables and a large pavilion are also available for picnicking. Reservations for the picnic shelters are handled by the Saint Paul Parks and Recreation Department at the contact information below.

Hours, Directions, and Contact Information

  • 10 Mounds Blvd, Saint Paul, MN 55106

  • GPS: 44.946006, -93.054706

  • Call the Park Permit Office at 651-632-5111 to reserve shelters.

  • See the City of St. Paul website on the park for more information on how this sacred site has deep significance to the Upper Sioux Community, Lower Sioux Community, Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux Community, Prairie Island Indian Community, Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin, Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska, Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate, and other descendants of those who are buried there.

Nearby Sites

Battle Creek Regional Park, Bruce Vento Nature Sanctuary

Last updated: February 5, 2022

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Contact Info

Mailing Address:

111 E. Kellogg Blvd., Suite 105
Saint Paul , MN 55101

Phone:

651 293-0200
This is the general phone line at the Mississippi River Visitor Center.

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