Waterbird Surveys

American white pelicans rest on a log partially sunken in the Mississippi River
American white pelicans

NPS Photo

The Mississippi Flyway is the longest migration corridor in the Western Hemisphere. From the Mackenzie River Valley in the Northwest Territories to the Mississippi Delta in Louisiana, the Mississippi Flyway provides over 3,000 miles of quality habitat uninterrupted by mountains making this route an ideal passage for millions of migrating birds, including 40% of the continent's waterfowl.

For over 20 years the aerial survey - which runs through the fall migration - has monitored waterfowl/ waterbird abundance, distribution and peak migration times in the upper Mississippi River (map). This data helps biologists and officials make decisions about hunting regulations and habitat management.

Fall Flights

Each fall, the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service and partners count waterbirds from Pool 2 (Twin Cities) through Pool 4 (Lake Pepin) of the Mississippi River. These 'aerial counts' are taken from fixed-wing aircraft along the Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife Refuge and Mississippi National River & Recreation Area.

Fall Flight data and information (Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge)

Waterbird Survey Fact Sheet (U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service)

There will be no fall flights in upper Pools 2-6 in 2015. Fall flight surveys have been a cooperative effort between numerous partners:
  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
  • National Park Service
  • Mississippi Park Connection
  • Minnesota Department of Natural Resources
  • Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
  • Audubon
  • Prairie Island Indian Community
Ground Counts
The National Park Service monitors waterbirds each fall at Red Rock Lake, St. Paul, MN (map). Ground counts help resource managers understand how waterbirds use vulnerable habitats in the Twin Cities.

Fall Ground Counts (National Park Service, Mississippi National River and Recreation Area)

Last updated: October 7, 2015

Contact the Park

Mailing Address:

111 E. Kellogg Blvd., Suite 105
Saint Paul, MN 55101


(651) 293-0200
This is the general phone line at the Mississippi River Visitor Center. Please leave a voicemail if we miss your call and expect a return call within 1 day, often sooner.

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