Lesson Plan

Mammoth Cave Mobile

Materials for making the Mammoth Cave Mobile

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Grade Level:
Kindergarten-Third Grade
Art, Environment, Visual Arts
30-40 minutes
Group Size:
Up to 24
art, visual arts, National Parks


This lesson plan is a part of "Making Connections: A Curriculum Guide to Mammoth Cave National Park, GrK-3", produced by the park's Environmental Education program.  The GrK-3 Guide comprises ten lessons; this is lesson 2 of the set.

Students will discover the components that make up a National Park.


The students will be able to:
  • Identify the components of a national park and relate them to Mammoth Cave National Park 
  • Match pictures with their appropriate titles 


National parks are established to protect the resources found within their boundaries. These resources include plants, animals, rocks and the land, and people. People include visitors and the people that are important in the parks’ history. Each park has significant resources that have helped to establish it as a national park.

Mammoth Cave is important because of its diversity of life on the surface and underground. Some of the plants in the park include trees like oaks, hickories, tulip poplars, and sycamores. A few shrubs commonly found in the park are papaws and the spice bush. Several common wild flowers include thistle, bluets, jack-in-the-pulpit, and bloodroot. The animal population is also very diverse. It includes animals such as bats, squirrels, deer, raccoons, opossums, chipmunks and many birds including wild turkeys. The main rocks found in the park are limestone, sandstone, shale, and gypsum. Some of the people at Mammoth Cave include rangers, visitors, explorers, guides, miners, and prehistoric Indians. These are just a few examples of the many resources in the park that help to make it unique. The most important link that ties them all together would be water, like the Green River on the surface and the groundwater at work in the cave. For more examples or information on these resources, feel free to contact the Environmental Education Coordinator at the park.  


Each student will need:
  • 2 drinking straws (or sticks) 
  • 6 twelve inch pieces of string 
  • A piece of tape
  • A Mammoth Cave Mobile Sheet *
  • Hole punch 
  • Scissors 
  • Crayons 
  • Pencil 
  • 1 national park symbol square *

* available in the downloadable Lesson Plan at the top of the page



The teacher is able to evaluate the students by seeing how they label the parts of their mobile.  

Park Connections

 All national parks preserve and protect the resources that make it special. This may include the plants, animals, rocks, landscape, people and history associated with the special place.  


  1. Instead of using our mobile sheet, have the students draw pictures of a plant, animal, rock, and people that make Mammoth Cave National Park a special place. 
  2. Make one large classroom mobile with students drawings of the many different resources found in Mammoth Cave National Park. The class could have more than one of each item under the different categories. 
  3. Make a class field guide that has pictures/drawings and names of the plants, animals, rocks and people that might be found in Mammoth Cave National Park. The students could pick just one or they could do all four. They could be put together in a book to be used during a visit to the park. 


Mammoth Cave National Park, plants, animals, people, rocks

Last updated: April 14, 2015