Lesson Plan

Predator Prey Adaption

Foxes at play near the Living Historical Farm


Overall Rating

Add your review
Grade Level:
Kindergarten-Fourth Grade
Biology: Animals, Physical Fitness, Pioneer America, Wildlife Biology
30 minutes
Group Size:
Up to 36
National/State Standards:
Indiana Curriculum Standards:  K.1.1, K.3.6, 1.1.1, 2.1.1, 3.1.4, 4.3.8


During this lesson the students will play a modified version of freeze tag to help them better understand predator/prey relationships.


Students will be able to define predator and prey.

Students will describe the importance of adaption.


Animals display a variety of behaviors in predator/prey relationships. These adaptions help them survive. Some animals run to get away from a predator. Animals may also signal to others that danger is near. If a predator is too close to the animal and it cannot run away or hide, the prey may freeze. Sometimes being very still can help the animal go unnoticed by the predator. Also, the color of the prey's body can help it camouflage itself.


Hunting was the primary means of obtaining meat for the earliest settlers. Indiana in the early 19th century was rich in natural resources and game was abundant. Deer and bear were plentiful and pigeons were reported in flocks so large that they darkened the sky when they flew over. As the state became more heavily settled, hunting became more of a challenge and the pioneer came to rely more upon agriculture to feed his family.


red bandana, hula hoops, food tokens (cut up small pieces of heavy paper or cardboard)


Park Connections

Many of Abe's friends and relatives spoke about his love of animals. During his lifetime, he had dogs, cats, goats, and horses. It is said that as a young boy, he preached sermons to his family declaring that he was against cruelty to animals. Legends say that while living at Knob Creek, Kentucky, young Abraham Lincoln found a dog with a broken leg. He made a splint and took care of the dog, naming it "Honey." According to his childhood friend Austin Gollaher, Abraham also had a pet crow, raccoon, and a goat named "Billy." His step-sister remembered him saying that an ant's life was to it, as sweet as ours. His long-time friend in Illinois, Joshua Speed, who was also from Kentucky, told about a trip he took with Mr. Lincoln and two other gentlemen in 1839 back to Springfield, Illinois. While riding along a country road through a thicket of wild plum and crabapple trees, the group had stopped to water their horses. A severe storm had occurred previously. Mr. Lincoln disappeared for a while. He caught two little birds in his hand which had been blown from their nest and was hunting for the nest. He finally found the nest and placed the birds back within it. The three other travelers laughed at him, but he earnestly said that he could not have slept that night if he had not given the two little birds to their mother.


Camouflage, predator, prey

Last updated: April 10, 2015