Lesson Plan

Three Affiliated Tribes History:  Post 1845 (Education and Spirituality)

Replica Sweat Lodge at Knife River Indian Villages
Replica Sweat Lodge at Knife River Indian Villages

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History, Language Arts, Reading, Writing
45 - 60 minutes
Group Size:
Up to 24
National/State Standards:
Social Studies:
Fourth Grade
4.2.2, 4.2.3, 4.2.4, 4.2.5, 4.2.6, 4.2.7, 4.2.8, 4.2.9, 4.2.10, 4.2.11, 4.3.2, 4.5.1, 4.5.3, 4.5.4, 4.6.1, 4.6.2, 4.5.6

Eighth Grade
8.1.1 ,8.1.2 


This lesson focusses on the resilience of the Hidatsa, Mandan and Arikara and the progress they are making toward reestablishing their cultural identity through education and traditional spiritual beliefs. 


The student will be able to:
Formulate problem/solution text frames relating to MHA education and spirituality.
Describehow time and placeare important in history.


History Memory Bubbles are a form of concept mapping that emphasizes problem/solution relationships in history. Students will see connections that guide them toward remembering information in the context of larger issues and ideas as they are engaged in the significance of key factual materials they encounter in the text. This technique works well as astudy method to prepare for chapter exams. 

As part of this process, students will discover that corresponding information may not be available to fill all four bubbles for every term or fact. After practicing using this strategy, students can be asked to create Memory Bubbles independently as they learn new material. 


PDF of background information for teacher and student reference.
PDF History Memory Bubbles template for student handouts and projection.



Students will answer questionsduring teacher lead discussion and in their explorer journal.
Student collage project can be evaluated against the criteria provided (grading rubric) or criteria designated by the teacher.

Park Connections

Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site preserves and protects archeological, cultural and natural resources related to the Three Affiliated Tribes, Hidatsa, Mandan, and Arikara,who lived at this site for 500 years prior to the 1837 smallpox epidemic which forced them to relocate to Like-a-fishook village. Many of the cultural and spiritual practicesof the tribes were lost in institutionalized boarding schools.   

Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site serves as a place where members of the Three Affiliated Tribes can visit as a place of spiritual and cultural renewal, connecting them with past generations.



(Post Visit)

1.   Based on what you have read and learned during your visit to KNRI, create a collage using cutouts from magazines, newspapers, photographs, paper, yarn, bark, or other materials. Your collage should compare the contemporary Hidatsa events with those of modern day America. How are they different? How are they the same.


Boarding school, assimilate, institutionalize, American Indian Religious Freedom Act, societies, intergenerational cycles

Last updated: April 10, 2015