Footnotes for Chapter Three

Reaping the Profits of the Klondike Trade




 

1 "The Seattle of Today," The Seattle Daily Times [date illegible], Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park Library, Seattle.

2 Flo Whyard, editor, Martha Louise Black, My Ninety Years (Anchorage: Alaska Northwest Publishing Company, c. 1976), p. 21.

3 Robert B. Medill, Klondike Diary: True Account of the Klondike Rush of 1897—1898 (Portland, Oregon: Beattie and Company, 1949), p. 3.

4 Neil Clifford Kimmons, "The Historical Development of Seattle as a Metropolitan Area," M.A. Thesis, University of Washington, 1942, p. 37.

5 "The Clearing House," The Seattle Daily Times, December 22, 1900, p. 13. See also Polk's Seattle City Directory, 1898, pp. 33-34.

6 "Seattle Business Men Continue Their Cheering Reports of the Improved Condition of Trade," The Seattle Daily Times, August 1898 [complete date illegible], Museum of History and Industry, Seattle.

7 Dorothy O. Johansen and Charles M. Gates, Empire of the Columbia: A History of the Pacific Northwest, second edition (New York: Harper & Row, 1967), pp. 370-371.

8 Melanie Mayer, Klondike Women: True Tales of the 1897-1898 Gold Rush (Ohio: Swallow Press, 1989).

9 "Answers to Queries," The Seattle Post-Intelligencer, October 13, 1897, p. 6.

10 Seattle Woolen Mill, Advertisement, Seattle Polk Directory, July 20, 1897, p. 5. Kathryn Taylor Morse, however, reported that Seattle Woolen Manufacturing had to dispatch a buyer to the East in 1897. See "The Nature of Gold: An Environmental History of the Alaska/Yukon Gold Rush," Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Washington, 1997, pp. 368-369.

11 "Answers to Queries," p. 6.

12 "Seattle's Trade Growth," The Trade Register, October 1, 1898, p. 24.

13 Morse, "The Nature of Gold: An Environmental History of the Alaska/Yukon Gold Rush," p. 369. See also Charles M. Gates, "Human Interest Notes on Seattle and the Alaskan Gold Rush," The Pacific Northwest Quarterly (April 1943), p. 209.

14 Morse, "The Nature of Gold: An Environmental History of the Alaska/Yukon Gold Rush," p. 368.

15 "Seattle Merits the Outfitting Trade," The Seattle Daily Times, November 13, 1897, p. 11.

16 Want Ads, The Seattle Post-Intelligencer, February 15, 1898.

17 Want Ads, The Seattle Daily Times, August 6, 1897, p. 6.

18 See, for example, Want Ads, The Seattle Daily Times, March 18, 1898.

19 Gates, "Human Interest Notes on Seattle and the Alaskan Gold Rush," p. 209.

20 "Condition of the Market," The Trade Register, April 23, 1898, p. 21.

21 Kathryn Taylor Morse, "The Nature of Gold: An Environmental History of the Alaska/Yukon Gold Rush," pp. 363 and 374.

22 Kathryn Taylor Morse, "The Nature of Gold: An Environmental History of the Alaska/Yukon Gold Rush," pp. 371-372; Richard Ralph Still, "Historical and Competitive Aspects of Grocery Wholesaling in Seattle, Washington," Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Washington, 1953, p. 35.

23 Description, "Cooper-Levy Family Papers," Manuscripts and Archives, University of Washington, n.d.

24 Description, "Schwabacher Brothers and Company," Manuscripts and Archives, University of Washington, n.d.

25 "What Merchants Say," The Seattle Daily Times, July 31, 1897, n.p., Museum of History and Industry. See also advertisements throughout The Seattle Daily Times, 1897-1898.

26 Richard P. Emanuel, "The Golden Gamble," Alaska Geographic 24 (1997), p. 83.

27 Robert Spector and Patrick D. McCarthy, The Nordstrom Way: The Inside Story of America's #1 Service Company (New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., c. 1995), pp. 37-50; John W. Nordstrom, The Immigrant in 1887 (Seattle: F. McCaffrey, Dogwood Press, 1950), pp. 44-50.

28 Alexander Norbert MacDonald, "Seattle's Economic Development, 1880-1910," Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Washington, 1959, pp. 89-101.

29 "Railroad Tonnage and Construction," The Seattle Daily Times, December 22, 1900, p. 16.

30 MacDonald, "Seattle's Economic Development, 1880-1910," pp. 129-132.

31 Clarence B. Bagley, History of Seattle From the Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, vol. 2 (Chicago: S.J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1916), p. 534.

32 "Marvelous Increase of Business in Coastwise and Foreign Shipping," The Seattle Daily Times, December 1898 [precise date unknown], Museum of History and Industry, n.p.

33 "Our Commercial Supremacy," The Seattle Daily Times, December 18, 1897, p. 24.

34 "The Alaska Steamship Co.," The Seattle Daily Times, December 18, 1897, n.p., Museum of History and Industry.

35 My Ninety Years, p. 21.

36 Bagley, History of Seattle From the Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, vol. 2, p. 534.

37 Bagley, History of Seattle From the Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, vol. 2, p. 538.

38 Bagley, History of Seattle From the Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, vol. 2, p. 535.

39 MacDonald, "Seattle's Economic Development, 1880-1910," pp. 194-195.

40 Bagley, History of Seattle From the Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, vol. 2, p. 535.

41 "Boats for the Yukon," The Seattle Daily Times, August 5, 1897, p. 2. See also C.T. Conover, "Yukon Gold Rush Speeded Shipbuilding in Seattle," The Seattle Times, May 11, 1960, n.p.

42 Bagley, History of Seattle From the Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, vol. 2, pp. 536-537.

43 Tappan Adney, "The Sledge Dogs of the North," Outing 38 (April 1901), p. 130.

44 "Dogs in Alaska," The Seattle Daily Times, July 31, 1897, n.p., Museum of History and Industry.

45 Adney, "The Sledge Dogs of the North," , pp. 130 and 137.

46 "At the Yukon Dog Yard," The Seattle Daily Times, November 11, 1897, p. 8.

47 Adney, "The Sledge Dogs of the North," , pp. 134 and 137.

48 "At the Yukon Dog Yard," p. 8.

49 "At the Yukon Dog Yard," p. 8. See also "Bureau of Information Doing a Successful Business in Advertising Seattle, The Seattle Daily Times, January 26, 1898, p. 5.

50 Adney, "The Sledge Dogs of the North," p. 131.

51 "At the Yukon Dog Yard," p. 8.

52 "Horse Mart Established," The Seattle Daily Times, July 23, 1897, p. 8; "Equine Market is Empty," The Seattle Daily Times, October 1, 1897, p. 5. See also Tappan Adney, The Klondike Stampede (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1900), p. 18, for a discussion of the poor condition of many of the horses shipped to the Yukon.

53 "Dogs or Goats, Which?," The Seattle Daily Times, n.d., n.p., Museum of History and Industry.

54 Want Ads, "For Sale -- Large Goats," The Seattle Daily Times, February 13, 1898, p. 18.

55 Black, My Ninety Years, p. 21.

56 Mark R. Shipley, "The Impact of the Klondike Gold Rush on Seattle," Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park Library, Seattle, n.p.

57 Spelger & Hurlbut, Advertisement, Seattle Polk Directory, July 6, 1897; Terrence Cole, editor, "Wheels on Ice: Bicycling in Alaska, 1898-1908," book insert, The Alaska Journal 15 (Winter 1985), p. 6.

58 Terrence Cole, editor, "Wheels on Ice: Bicycling in Alaska, 1898-1908," pp. 6-7.

59 "Seattle 'A Hot Town,'" The Seattle Daily Times, October 7, 1897, p. 5.

60 "The Seattle of Today," n.p.

61 National Register of Historic Places Inventory — Nomination Form, First Avenue Groups, 1979, p. 4.

62 Sharon A. Boswell and Lorraine McConaghy, Raise Hell and Sell Newspapers: Alden J. Blethen and The Seattle Times (Pullman: Washington State University Press, 1996), p. 110.

63 Walt Crowley, National Trust Guide Seattle: America's Guide for Architecture and History Travelers (New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1998.

64 Sanborn Maps, 1893. See also Craig Holstine, Multiple Property Documentation Form, Single Room Occupancy Hotels in the Central Business District of Spokane, WA, 1900-1910, 1993 and Frances Amelia Sheridan, "Apartment House Development on Seattle's Queen Ann Hill Prior to World War II," Master's Thesis, University of Washington, 1994.

65 "Last Night Was Lively," The Seattle Daily Times, August 6, 1897, n.p., Museum of History and Industry.

66 "Last Night Was Lively," n.p.; "Seattle 'A Hot Town,'" p. 5.

67 "Police Protection," The Seattle Daily Times, September 1, 1897, n.p., Museum of History and Industry.

68 "A Seige of Petty Larceny," The Seattle Daily Times, November 6, 1897, n.p., Museum of History and Industry.

69 "Last Night Was Lively," n.p.

70 "Seattle 'A Hot Town,'" p. 5. See also Boswell and McConaghy, Raise Hell and Sell Newspapers: Alden J. Blethen and The Seattle Times, p. 110.

71 Nard Jones, Seattle (Garden City, New York: Doubleday & Company Inc., 1972), p. 151.

72 "Last Night Was Lively," n.p.

73 "Last Night Was Lively," p. 5.

74 "Seattle Has Its Fiends," The Seattle Daily Times, February 3, 1897, n.p., Museum of History and Industry; "Ran Away From the Mission," The Seattle Daily Times, September 6, 1897, n.p., Museum of History and Industry.

75 "He is a Human Devil," The Seattle Daily Times, October 7, 1897, n.p., Museum of History and Industry.

76 Murray Morgan, Skid Road: An Informal Portrait of Seattle (New York: Viking Press, 1960), pp. 59-61; Boswell and McConaghy, Raise Hell and Sell Newspapers: Alden J. Blethen and The Seattle Times, p. 110.

77 Boswell and McConaghy, Raise Hell and Sell Newspapers: Alden J. Blethen and The Seattle Times, p. 112.

78 "Gambling is Closed," The Seattle Daily Times, February 28, 1902, n.p., Museum of History and Industry.

79 Boswell and McConaghy, Raise Hell and Sell Newspapers: Alden J. Blethen and The Seattle Times, p. 112; "Gambling is Closed," n.p.

80 Ray Allen Billington, Westward Expansion: A History of the American Frontier, fifth edition (New York: MacMillian Publishing Company, Inc., 1982), p. 402.

81 MacDonald, "Seattle's Economic Development, 1880-1910," p. 145.

82 MacDonald, "Seattle's Economic Development, 1880-1910," p. 145.

83 MacDonald, "Seattle's Economic Development, 1880-1910," pp. 320-321.

84 MacDonald, "Seattle's Economic Development, 1880-1910," pp. 321-322.

85 MacDonald, "Seattle's Economic Development, 1880-1910," p. 67.

86 Alexander Norbert MacDonald, "Seattle, Vancouver, and the Klondike" Canadian Historical Review 49 (1968), p. 246.

87 MacDonald, "Seattle's Economic Development, 1880-1910," pp. 163 and 327.

88 "Klondike Excitement Fizzling Out," The New York Times, May 1, 1898, p. 10.

89 J. Kingston Pierce, "Words of Gold: Reporters Bring the World News of the Klondike Stampede," 12 Columbia (Spring 1988), p. 11.

90 MacDonald, "Seattle's Economic Development, 1880-1910," p. 143.

91 Terrence Cole, "A History of the Nome Gold Rush: The Poor Man's Paradise," Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Washington, 1983, p. 116.

92 Terrence Cole, Personal Communication, September 22, 1998.

93 MacDonald, "Seattle's Economic Development, 1880-1910," p. 144.

94 Schwantes, The Pacific Northwest: An Interpretive History, pp. 306-309.

95 MacDonald, "Seattle's Economic Development, 1880-1910," p. 314.

96 Bagley, History of Seattle From the Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, vol. 2, pp. 526-527.

97 "The Seattle Exposition of 1909," The Western Architect 14 (July 1909), pp. 3-6.

98 "What It All Means," Collier's 43 (September 18, 1909), pp. 14-15.; "The Seattle Exposition of 1909," p. 6.

99 Schwantes, The Pacific Northwest: An Interpretive History, pp. 308-309.

100 Paul Dorpat, "Now & Then: Central Area Tour," Pacific Magazine, June 14, 1998, p. 3.

101 Clarence B. Bagley, A History of Seattle From the Earliest Settlement to the Present, vol. 2, p. 527.

102 MacDonald, "Seattle's Economic Development, 1880-1910," p. 337.

103 Carla Rickerson, Lecture on the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition, Museum of History and Industry, March 10, 1998.

 
 

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