The Stampeders were driven towards the gold fields by desire, but they could not survive very long in the Yukon on desire alone. They needed supplies and lots of them. The North West Mounted Police began enforcing the “One Ton Law of 1898”. The law required that all stampeders entering Canada bring a year’s supply of food plus equipment equaling approximately 2,000 pounds.
The great amount of equipment the stampeders had to carry made the journey much harder. A stampeder, for example, could carry about 40 to 50 pounds on his/her back. Therefore, if you were a stampeder you would need to divide all of your goods into 50-pound bundles and make 30 to 40 trips to get all of your gear up over the trail. These trips made the relatively short hike of 33 miles on the Chilkoot trail into a 1320-mile journey.