9:00 a.m. Jon Kukla, Executive Vice-President of the Patrick Henry Memorial Foundation; “Lewis & Clark vs. Livingston & Monroe.”
Born in Wisconsin, Dr. Jon Kukla was graduated from Carthage College and received his Ph.D. from the University of Toronto. From 1990 to 1998 he was chief curator and executive director of the Historic New Orleans Collection, and became director of Red Hill – The Patrick Henry National Memorial – in January 2000. Dr. Kukla has written extensively about American history and culture. In connection with his current book, A Wilderness So Immense: The Louisiana Purchase and the Destiny of America, he enjoyed research fellowships at the Virginia Historical Society and the International Center for Jefferson Studies at Monticello. He served as the chief consultant for the History Channel’s Louisiana Purchase documentary, and for the past decade has been an advisor to the Jamestown Rediscovery archaeological dig.
9:30 a.m. Robert D. Bush, “Citizen Laussat: A Retrospective on the Louisiana Purchase.”
Robert Bush was born and raised in Iowa, graduating from the University of Dubuque in 1962. He received an MA at the University of Richmond in 1963, and a Ph.D. from the University of Kansas in 1969. He taught at the University of Kansas, Nebraska Wesleyan University, the University of Nebraska and the University of Wyoming. In 1982 he became director of the Wyoming State Archives, Museums and Historical Department, and was also the State Historic Preservation Officer. He moved to Washington, D.C. in 1987 as an executive with the Federal Advisory Council on Preservation. He was most recently Assistant for Special Projects for the Advisory Council in Lakewood, Colorado. He has represented the United States at international conferences such as the Council for Economic Cooperation and Stability in Europe. Dr. Bush has published extensively on the Louisiana Purchase, including an edition of the memoirs of Pierre Clement de Laussat.
10:00 a.m. Robert M. Owens, Iowa State University, “Blueprint for Dispossession: William Henry Harrison’s Land Treaties.”
Robert M. Owens received his Ph.D. in History from the University of Illinois in May 2003. His publications include: “Jean Baptiste Ducoigne, the Kaskaskias, and the Limits of Thomas Jefferson’s Friendship” in the Journal of Illinois History, [winner of the Journal’s Excellence in Historical Writing Award, 2002], and “Jeffersonian Benevolence on the Ground: The Indian Land Cession Treaties of William Henry Harrison,” Journal of the Early Republic, (Fall 2002). He is currently writing a cultural biography of William Henry Harrison’s early career on the frontier. Owens is Visiting Assistant Professor of Colonial and Revolutionary History at Iowa State University.
11:00 a.m. Donald Heidenreich, Lindenwood University; “1803: International Security at the time of the Louisiana Purchase and Lewis and Clark”
Donald Heidenreich is an Associate Professor of History at Lindenwood University. He is the retired Historian (commander) of the 135th Military History Detachment of the Missouri Army National Guard. He has a BA in History and International Relations from San Francisco State University, an MA in History from the University of Arizona, and a Ph.D. in History from the University of Missouri-Columbia. He has written extensively on the Federalists, American jurisprudence and the early security concerns of our nation as a motivating factor in the acquisition of Louisiana. He is currently writing a biography of Ulysses S. Grant.
11:30 a.m. Sylvia L. Hilton, Complutense University, Madrid; “The Spanish Legacy and the Louisiana Purchase.”
Sylvia L. Hilton teaches U.S. and Latin American History at the Complutense University, Madrid, where she heads the Department of History of the Americas. She is the author of numerous books and articles on the Spanish presence in colonial North America, focusing in particular on Spanish perspectives regarding interethnic and international frontiers and relations. She is the author of a book on Spanish California (1992); a compilation on CD Rom of Spanish primary sources, printed between the 16th and mid-19th century, for the history of the Spanish colonization of western North America (1999); and an article on "Mobility and expansion in the political construction of the United States: 'these wandering colonists' on Spain's Mississippi frontiers (1776-1803)" published in 2002. Professor Hilton also serves on the editorial boards of several scholarly journals in Spain and France, and as International Contributing Editor of the Journal of American History. She is currently co-editing a volume on Frontiers and Boundaries in U.S. History (Amsterdam 2004), and writing a monograph on "Spain and the Louisiana Purchase, 1795-1804."
1:30 p.m. Daniel Botkin, University of California, Santa Barbara; “Beyond the Stony Mountains: Nature in the American West from Lewis and Clark to Today.”
Daniel Botkin is a research professor in the Department of Ecology, Evolution and Marine Biology at the University of California, Santa Barbara, and President of the Center for the Study of the Environment. The Center is a nonprofit corporation that provides independent, science-based analyses of complex environmental issues. Dr. Botkin is the author of numerous books, including No Man’s Garden: Thoreau and a New Vision for Civilization and Nature; Discordant Harmonies: A New Ecology for the 21st Century; and Our Natural History: The Lessons of Lewis and Clark, which brilliantly uses the adventures of the explorers to explain what the American West was like before it was changed by European settlement. His latest book is Strange Encounters: Adventures with a Renegade Naturalist.
2:00 p.m. Ken Karsmizki, Columbia River Gorge Discovery Center; “Searching for Lewis and Clark from Space.”
Ken Karsmizki is Executive Director of the Columbia Gorge Discovery Center in The Dalles, Oregon. Ken has worked in the museum field since 1980 as a curator, historian, and archaeologist, and came to the Discovery Center in early 2001. Ken earned a BA degree in Philosophy from Purdue University, an MA in History from Montana State University, and completed coursework for a Ph.D. in History and Historical Archaeology. During his 22-year professional career, Ken has published in popular and professional journals and his research has resulted in over 70 technical reports. He is currently working on a book length manuscript covering his Lewis and Clark archaeological research. For the past 16 years Ken has been engaged in an archaeological search for evidence of Lewis and Clark campsites. His archaeological search was the focus of a Discovery Channel documentary that first aired in June 2002.
2:30 p.m. Bob Coulter and Jennifer Krause, Missouri Botanical Garden; “Investigating the Historical Biogeography of the Expedition.”
Bob Coulter, who holds a doctor of education degree from Boston University, is currently with the Missouri Botanical Garden, where he is the Manager of Curriculum Development and Interim Manager of the Litzsinger Road Ecology Center. A major portion of both roles involves working with teachers and students to integrate geographic information system (GIS) tools into the classroom. Prior to his work with the Garden, he was an award-wining math and science teacher for 12 years. Jennifer Krause (B.A. Washington University) is the instructional materials coordinator for the Missouri Botanical Garden. In that role, she develops a range of resources to support hands-on and data-rich investigations for students. She is also responsible for the Garden’s “MBG net” educational website that served 38 million visitors last year.
3:30 p.m. Joseph Mussulman; “Men in High Spirits: Humor on the Lewis and Clark Trail.”
Joseph Mussulman is a teacher, humanist, cartographer and author. He was a faculty member in the music department of the University of Montana and has authored three books on music. A serious student of Lewis and Clark, he has created usable driving maps of the expedition’s route for several books, including Along the Trail With Lewis and Clark, by Barbara Fifer and Vicki Soderberg. He is the producer and principal writer for the website Discovering Lewis & Clark™ (www.lewis-clark.org), which now stands at more than 1400 pages, logging more than 10,000 page requests per day. This website stands as the benchmark for all Lewis and Clark websites. Dr. Mussulman is the designer, writer and publisher of sixteen interpretive maps of Montana’s major floatable rivers, entitled Montana Afloat. He has also written and produced several award-winning multimedia presentations on episodes in Montana history, including Battle on the Little Big Horn, and Forty Miles from Freedom, the story of Chief Joseph’s surrender.
4:00 p.m. Carolyn Gilman, Missouri Historical Society; “What Lessons Can We Learn from Lewis and Clark?”
Perhaps more than any other person in America, over the last six years our next presenter has lived with Lewis, Clark, and the people they explored with and encountered in the early 19th century. Carolyn Gilman, Special Projects Historian at the Missouri Historical Society, was the curator for the National Lewis and Clark Bicentennial Exhibition, which is currently open at the Missouri Historical Society, and which will tour nationwide in 2004-06. She is the author of the exhibition catalogue, Lewis and Clark: Across the Divide, published by Smithsonian Books. She has spent 24 years as a museum exhibition developer, and has organized major exhibits on topics such as the Great Lakes fur trade and the history of the Mandan and Hidatsa tribes. She is the author of seven books and over a dozen articles on American Indian and western history. Her books have won the Choice Outstanding Academic Book of the Year award, the Northeastern Minnesota Book Award, and the AASLH Award of Merit.
4:30 p.m. Jack Gladstone, “The Blackfeet Conflict: A New Perspective.”
Born and educated in Seattle, Washington, Jack Gladstone is a member of the Blackfeet Indian tribe of Montana. An accomplished scholar/athlete in high school, Jack attended the University of Washington, earning a degree in communications and a Rose Bowl Ring with the 1978 champion Huskies football team. After graduation, Jack taught for four years on the Blackfeet reservation before embarking on a full-time performing and recording career. In 1985, Jack co-founded Glacier National Park’s “Native America Speaks,” now celebrating its 20th season. This program is recognized nationally for excellence in the interpretation of American Indian cultures. During the past 16 years, Jack has released 11 critically acclaimed, independently produced CDs.
March 21, 2003
8:00 a.m. Dr. Gary Moulton, University of Nebraska; “The Living Legacies of Lewis and Clark.”
Gary E. Moulton is Thomas C. Sorensen Professor of History at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln and editor of the Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Moulton began the editing project in 1979 and completed the thirteen-volume work in 1999. Dr. Moulton’s research interests are historical editing, the exploration of the American West, and American Indians. Among his publications are a biography of Chief John Ross of the Cherokees (1978) and a two-volume edition of Ross’s papers (1985). Moulton was a consultant for Ken Burns’ 1997 film, “Lewis and Clark: The Journey of the Corps of Discovery,” and in 1998 he served as an advisor to the United States Mint on the design of the one-dollar Sacagawea coin; he was also an advisor for National Geographic’s Lewis and Clark IMAX film. Dr. Moulton teaches courses in American history, the American West, and Nebraska history, and he directs research and editing seminars. For the summer of 1994 he received a Fulbright Scholar award to teach at the University of Hannover, Germany. Moulton has been a scholar-in-residence at Fort Clatsop National Memorial, Astoria, Oregon (1999), and at the Lewis and Clark Interpretive Center, Great Falls, Montana (2000). He has been a visiting professor at Hastings College, Hastings, Nebraska (2001, 2003), at the University of Montana, Missoula (2001), and a resident fellow at Jefferson’s Monticello, Charlottesville, Virginia (2001). Moulton’s professional activities also include giving presentations on the Lewis and Clark expedition to civic and scholarly organizations. To inaugurate the Lewis and Clark bicentennial, President and Mrs. George W. Bush invited him to give a presentation at the White House in July 2002.
9:00 a.m. Clay Jenkinson, “The Final Days of Meriwether Lewis.”
Clay S. Jenkinson is best known for his portrayal of Thomas Jefferson, but also a lecturer, humorist, social commentator and essayist. He is currently editing the North Dakota Lewis and Clark Journals for the State Historical Society of North Dakota. He is the author of The Character of Meriwether Lewis: Completely Metamorphosed in the American West; and Thomas Jefferson: The Man of Light.
9:30 a.m. Landon Y. Jones; “The William Clark Nobody Knows.”
Landon Y. Jones retired from Time Inc. in April 2000 after three years as Vice President for Strategic Planning. Lanny also served as managing editor of People, the most successful weekly publication in the world. A native of St. Louis, Lanny graduated from Princeton in 1966. In 1967 he was a member of a special Life investigation into the assassination of President Kennedy. He is the author of two books, Great Expectations: America and the Baby Boom Generation, which coined the phrase “baby boomer” and was nominated for an American Book Award in 1981, and The Essential Lewis and Clark, published by HarperCollins in 2000. In 2004 his biography of William Clark will be released. Lanny is currently Vice President of the National Council of the Lewis and Clark Bicentennial.
10:00 a.m. Albert Furtwangler, “Clark, Flat-headed Indians, and Methodist Missions.”
Albert Furtwangler grew up in Seattle, attended Amherst College, and completed his Ph.D. at Cornell University. He has taught at several colleges and universities, including the University of Chicago, Linfield College, and Mount Allison University, a selective liberal arts college in eastern Canada. He retired in 1996 and is now an independent scholar in Salem, Oregon, affiliated with Willamette University. As a teacher, his subject was British literature, but he has also written five books in American intellectual history. They include studies of the Federalist Papers, early constitutional debates, and tragic patterns in the assassination of Lincoln. For the past ten years he has written about explorations and encounters in the Far West. Acts of Discovery (1993) presented new perceptions of America, as they were recorded in the Lewis and Clark Journals. Answering Chief Seattle (1997) weighs the dramatic meeting between the famous Indian leader and the first governor of Washington Territory. Further essays on Lewis and Clark have appeared in Oregon Historical Quarterly, We Proceeded On, and other publications. Dr. Furtwangler is married and the father of two grown sons. His wife has written award-winning fiction under the pen name Ann Copeland, and recently retired from the English department at Willamette.
William Foley, Professor Emeritus of History, Central Missouri State University; “How Quickly They Forget: William Clark After the Expedition.”
Bill Foley has written the definitive book on the Chouteau family, The First Chouteaus, and his biography of William Clark, Wilderness Journey: the Life of William Clark, will soon be released by University of Missouri Press. Bill is Professor Emeritus of History at Central Missouri State University and General Editor of the Missouri Biography Series published by the University of Missouri Press. His article “Lewis and Clark’s American Travels: The View from Britain” was published in the Autumn 2003 issue of the Western Historical Quarterly.
11:30 a.m. Jay H. Buckley, Department of History, Brigham Young University; “William Clark's Tenure as Superintendent of Indian Affairs.”
Professor Jay H. Buckley grew up on a ranch located at the foot of the Uinta Mountains in Wyoming. He received his Ph.D. in History from the University of Nebraska where he was mentored by Dr. Gary Moulton. Dr. Buckley’s interests include the fur trade, Indian-white relations, and overland migrations. He completed a biography of William Clark as Superintendent of Indian Affairs, and has written extensively in journal articles about Lewis and Clark, mountainmen, the fur trade and the overland migrations. He is an assistant professor of History and director of the Native American Studies program at Brigham Young University.
1:30 p.m. Betty Houchin Winfield, University of Missouri-Columbia, “Press Accounts of the Expedition.”2:00 p.m. Carol Lynn MacGregor, Boise State University; “Interpreting Lewis and Clark Through Art.”
Carol Lynn MacGregor was born, raised and continues to live in Idaho. She holds a Ph.D. in history from the University of New Mexico and is on the Idaho Governor’s Commission on Lewis and Clark. She is an adjunct professor at Boise State University, where she specializes in the history of exploration, the West and Native Americans. She also is a frequent speaker for the Idaho Humanities Council on Lewis and Clark. Carol brought forth the magnificent edition of The Journals of Patrick Gass published by Mountain Press in 1997 (and now in a fifth edition). She has also authored a couple of children’s books, Shoshoni Pony and Lewis and Clark’s Bittersweet Crossing.
2:30 p.m. Craig Howe; “Feasting [on] Lewis and Clark: Lakota Responses to the Expedition.”
Dr. Craig Phillip Howe [Oglala Lakota] earned a Ph.D. in architecture and anthropology from the University of Michigan. He is a faculty member in the Graduate Studies Department at Oglala Lakota College on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota. He served as deputy assistant director for cultural resources at the National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C. He was also director of the D’Arcy McNickle Center for American Indian History at the Newberry Library in Chicago. Craig has developed innovative hypermedia tribal history projects and creative museum exhibitions, taught Native Studies courses in the U.S. and Canada, and authored articles on numerous topics, including tribal histories, Native Studies, museum exhibitions and community collaborations. He is a founder and president of NativeESP, an Indian-owned company committed to developing educational solutions and products that acknowledge and incorporate Native perspectives. He was raised on his family’s ranch along Bear in the Lodge Creek in Bennett County, South Dakota and currently lives in Rapid City.
Brian Hall is the author of the 2003 novel about the expedition entitled I Should Be Extremely Happy In Your Company. Brian was born and raised in the Boston area; and attended Harvard college, where he received an A.B. He is the author of six books: three nonfiction (a travel book on southeastern Europe; an account of the breakup of Yugoslavia; and a novelistic piece of developmental psychology about the first three years of a child’s consciousness); and three fiction (The Dreamers, 1989; The Saskiad, 1997; I Should Be Extremely Happy In Your Company, 2003). His writing has also appeared in The New Yorker, Granta, the New York Times Magazine, and Time. Mr. Hall lives in Ithaca, NY with his wife and two daughters, and is currently working on a novel about Robert Frost and the Cuban Missile Crisis.
4:00 p.m. Diane Glancy
Diane Glancy is a professor at Macalester College in St. Paul, Minnesota, where she teaches Native American literature and creative writing. She won a 2003 National Endowment for the Arts Fellowship and the 2003 Juniper Prize from the University of Massachusetts Press for a collection of poetry, Primer of the Obsolete. Besides Stone Heart, her novel of the life of Sacagawea, she has published several other novels including Pushing the Bear, The Story of The 1838-39 Cherokee Trail of Tears, The Mask Maker, The Man Who Heard The Land, And Designs of The Night Sky. She also has published several collections of short stories, essays and drama. She received an American Book Award from the Before Columbus
Foundation, a Minnesota Book Award, an Oklahoma Book Award, and a Cherokee Medal of Honor, among others. She received her M.F.A. from the University of Iowa.
March 22, 2003
Day 3: Legacies
John Logan Allen, University of Wyoming; “Expanding the Horizons of Lewis and Clark: The American Fur Trade in the Far West, 1806-1812”
Dr. John Logan Allen is Professor and Chair of the Department of Geography at the University of Wyoming. His fields of specialization include historical and environmental geography, the exploration and settlement of the American West, and environmental history. He holds a Ph.D. from Clark University and is the author of many books and articles on the American West, including Lewis and Clark and the Image of the American West; and North American Exploration. In addition, he has authored a series of atlases designed for the college classroom, including the best-selling Student Atlas of World Politics. Dr. Allen spent most of his academic career (from 1967 to 2000) at the University of Connecticut, where he was the Founding Head of the Department of Geography.
9:00 a.m. Jeff Olson, Public Information Officer, Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail and Corps of Discovery II: “The Lewis and Clark Trail, America’s First Great Road Trip . . . Now, About those Potholes!”
Jeffrey G. Olson is the Public Information Officer for the Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail and the Corps of Discovery II project. Before joining the National Park Service in February of 2003, he spent three years as the “conscience of stewardship” for the Lewis and Clark Trail Heritage Foundation. Jeff spent 20-plus years as a newspaper reporter, editor and photographer before his stint at the Foundation.
9:30 a.m. Stephenie Ambrose Tubbs; “Friendships on the Trail, A Lasting Legacy.”
Stephenie Ambrose Tubbs is the co-author, along with Clay Jenkinson, of the Lewis and Clark Companion: An Encyclopedic Guide to the Voyage of Discovery. In addition to this, she has been researching the story of Lewis and Clark for quite some time. Along with her parents and brothers, Stephenie has traveled the entire length of the Lewis and Clark Trail. She has written magazine articles about her family’s adventures on the trail as well as articles about Montana history.
10:00 a.m. Amy Mossett, Lewis and Clark Bicentennial Council; “The Lewis and Clark Trail and American Indians Today.”
Amy Mossett is a member of the Mandan and Hidatsa tribes of Fort Berthold and lives in New Town, North Dakota. Amy has spent over a decade researching the life of Sacagawea, as well as the cultural history of the Mandan and Hidatsa tribes. Amy lives with her three daughters in North Dakota where they continue to learn about their traditional culture and history. Amy serves as Chairperson of the National Lewis and Clark Bicentennial Council’s Circle of Tribal Advisors. She is a graduate of Fort Berthold Community College, Minot State University and the University of North Dakota. She is currently the tribal liason for the Lewis and Clark Bicentennial Council, and we are very privileged that she was able to take time from her busy schedule to be with us today.
11:00 a.m. Otis Halfmoon, National Park Service; “Lewis and Clark’s Nez Perce Contacts”
W. Otis Halfmoon has worked for the National Park Service for over 12 years at Big Hole National Battlefield, Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area, Bear Paw Battlefield, Nez Perce National Historical Park and finally the Lewis & Clark National Historical Trail. His present title is American Indian Trust Responsibility Officer for the Intermountain Region, and he is based in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Otis has served as a consultant for documentaries such as American Cowboys, How the West Was Lost and Sacred Journey, as well as for numerous publications on Nez Perce History. He is a graduate of Washington State University, a U.S. Army veteran and a full-blood member of the Nez Perce Tribe.
11:30 a.m. Gerard Baker, Superintendent, Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail; “The Tribal Legacy of the Expedition”
Gerard A. Baker (Yellow Wolf) is Superintendent of the Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail for the National Park Service. He has been with the National Park Service for twenty one years. He currently has responsibility for the traveling exhibition entitled “Corps of Discovery II: 200 years to the Future.” Gerard is a member of the Three Affiliated Tribes of North Dakota.
1:30 p.m. Peter Kastor, Washington University; “’Force and Affection’: Reflections on Empire at the Bicentennial of the Lewis and Clark Expedition.”
Peter Kastor is assistant professor of History and American Culture Studies and Assistant Director of American Culture Studies at Washington University in St. Louis. His scholarship and his teaching center on the frontiers of North America, and much of his work has focused on Louisiana in the years following the Purchase. His study of Louisiana emerges from his interests in the intersection of domestic governance, foreign affairs, political culture, and intercultural contact. He is the editor of an anthology of essays and documents entitled The Louisiana Purchase: Emergence an American Nation, published last year by Congressional Quarterly Press. He is the author of “An Apprenticeship to Liberty”: The Louisiana Purchase and the Creation of America, published by Yale University Press.
2:00 p.m. Fred Fausz, University of Missouri, St. Louis; “’Sovereigns of the Country’: Extending Virginia’s Legacy of Frontier Conquest into the Trans-Mississippi West.”
Dr. J. Frederick Fausz is Associate Professor of History and former first Dean of The Pierre Laclede Honors College at the University of Missouri-St. Louis. His varied professional expertise includes documentary editing (The Complete Works of Capt. John Smith and Papers of Benjamin Henry Latrobe) and consulting for historical film projects (PBS American Playhouse production of Roanoak; Kevin Costner’s 500 Nations). In addition to collegiate teaching at William and Mary, St. Mary’s College of Maryland, and UM-St. Louis, for the past decade Fred has pursued public outreach education for audiences of all ages, combining research with exhibitions of artifacts to explain fur trade history and Indian lifeways. His current University of Missouri System Research Semester is being used to write his book: “Quest and Conquest: Two Centuries of Virginia’s Western Expansion, From Jamestown to Lewis and Clark in Missouri.”
4:15 Dayton Duncan
Dayton Duncan is an award-winning writer and documentary filmmaker. You’ve read his books and seen his collaborative work with filmmaker Ken Burns. He was the writer and producer of “Lewis & Clark: The Journey of the Corps of Discovery,” a four-hour documentary first broadcast in November 1997. The film attained the second-highest ratings (following “The Civil War”) in the history of PBS and won many honors. He was the co-writer and producer of “Mark Twain,” a four-hour film biography of the great American humorist which was broadcast on PBS in 2002. His most recent film with Burns (and my favorite) was “Horatio’s Drive,” about the first transcontinental automobile trip.
Mr. Duncan is the author of nine books. They include these Lewis and Clark-related titles: Out West: A Journey Through Lewis & Clark's America, which chronicles his retracing of the Lewis and Clark trail; Miles From Nowhere: In Search of the American Frontier examines the current conditions, history, and people of the most sparsely settled counties in the United States; Lewis & Clark: The Journey of the Corps of Discovery, was published in November 1997; Scenes of Visionary Enchantment: Reflections on Lewis & Clark, a book of essays, is being released in conjunction with the Lewis and Clark bicentennial.
Two books for young readers were published in the fall of 1996: People of the West, named a Notable Children's Trade Book for 1996 by the National Council of Social Studies and the Children's Book Council, and The West: An Illustrated History for Children, which was selected by The New Yorker magazine for its “short list” of the 16 best children’s books of 1996 and won a Western Heritage award from the National Cowboy Hall of Fame.
Born and raised in Indianola, Iowa, Mr. Duncan graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1971 with a degree in German literature and was also a fellow at Harvard’s Shorenstein Center for Press, Politics and Public Policy. President Clinton appointed him chair of the American Heritage Rivers Advisory Committee and Secretary of Interior Bruce Babbitt appointed him as a director of the National Park Foundation. He holds honorary doctorates from Franklin Pierce College and Drake University. For the last thirty years he has lived New Hampshire, where he makes his home in the small town of Walpole with his wife, Dianne, and their two children.