Ralph Lewis was born in 1909, and obtained degrees in biology and entomology from the University of Rochester, New York. In 1935 he came to work for the National Park Service (NPS) as an assistant curator. He helped plan several park museums and the museum in the Department of the Interior Building in Washington, D.C. He served in a year-long Rockefeller internship at the Buffalo Museum of Science (1937-38), and worked as a historian (interpreter) at Jefferson National Expansion Memorial (1941-1946). He became assistant chief of the NPS Museum Branch in 1946, and served as chief of the Museum Branch from 1954-1964. After the reorganization of the Museum Branch, Lewis was chief of the Branch of Museum Operations (1964-1971). After his retirement, Ralph Lewis wrote the NPS Manual for Museums published in 1976 and produced collection management plans for seven parks. His book entitled Museum Curatorship in the National Park Service, 1904-1982, was published in 1993. The following paper was delivered at Jefferson National Expansion Memorial in 1943, not at the 2002 symposium, but remains an accurate and entertaining summation of the sequence of events which resulted in the Louisiana Purchase.
Donald Heidenreich is an Associate Professor of History at Lindenwood University. He is also Historian (commander) of the 135th Military History Detachment of the Missouri Army National Guard. He has a BA in History and International Relations from San Francisco State University, an MA in History from the University of Arizona, and a Ph.D. in History from the University of Missouri-Columbia. He has written extensively on the Federalists, American jurisprudence and the early security concerns of our nation as a motivating factor in the acquisition of Louisiana.
Peter Kastor teaches History and American Culture Studies at Washington University in St. Louis. His scholarship and his teaching center on the frontiers of North America, and much of his work has focused on Louisiana in the years following the Purchase. His study of Louisiana emerges from his interests in the intersection of domestic governance, foreign affairs, political culture, and intercultural contact. His current book project is entitled "An Apprenticeship to Liberty": The Incorporation of Louisiana and the Struggle for Nationhood in the Early American Republic, 1803-1820. He is also the editor of an anthology of essays and documents entitled The Louisiana Purchase and the Emergence of the American Empire, to be published later this year by Congressional Quarterly Press.
Larry Cebula is an associate professor of history at Missouri Southern State College. His Ph.D. is from the College of William and Mary. His paper this morning is drawn from his forthcoming University of Nebraka Press book If Their Hearts are Good: Indians of the Columbia Plateau and the Quest for the White Man’s Religion, 1600-1850.
Kathleen DuVal is the Mellon Postdoctoral Fellow at the McNeil Center for Early American Studies at the University of Pennsylvania. She is in the process of completing a manuscript tentatively titled “Warlike Neighbors: The Indian Shaping of the Arkansas River valley, 1600-1828.” A version of the paper that she presented at last year’s symposium, which explored the question of whether Indians and Europeans living in Louisiana could have resisted the Purchase – the answer was no – will be included in a special issue of the Arkansas History Quarterly commemorating the Louisiana Purchase.
Amy Mossett is a member of the Mandan and Hidatsa tribes of Fort Berthold and lives in New Town, North Dakota. Amy has spent over a decade researching the life of Sacagawea, as well as researching the cultural history of the Mandan and Hidatsa tribes. Amy lives with her daughters in North Dakota where they continue to learn about their traditional culture and history. They are currently involved in traditional Hidatsa gardening, wild plant use, basketweaving, quillworking and pottery. Amy serves as Chairperson of the National Lewis and Clark Bicentennial Council’s Circle of Tribal Advisors and is a member of the Council’s Product and Mechandising Committee. Amy is a graduate of Fort Berthold Community College, Minot State University and the University of North Dakota. She is currently the Director of Tourism for the Three Affiliated Tribes.
Susan Calafate Boyle received her Ph.D in American social history at the University of Missouri. She currently works for Rocky Mountain National Park as an Interpretive Planner for the Cache la Poudre River Corridor, a heritage area in north-central Colorado. In addition to her interest in the French in the Illinois Country, she has published a book on the Hispanos merchants on the Santa Fe Trail and has completed a Cultural Landscape Report for the White House and President's Park.
Jenny Turner is currently ABD in American history at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, focusing on western and Native American history. She thrilled to be out in St. Louis last year as one of the Missouri Historical Society's research fellows. Currently a Colonial Dames research fellow, she hopes to complete her dissertation research this year.
Dr. Denise Wilson grew up a few miles from the French Fort Ouiatenon in Lafayette, Indiana and developed an interest in regional French history at a young age. As a teenager she traveled to historic French sites throughout the Midwest performing as a fifer with a colonial French fife and drum corps. After earning a Ph.D. in history at West Virginia University, she taught for several years at Lakeland College in Wisconsin. She currently teaches history in a rather unconventional way by performing concerts of historical music which feature songs of the Midwest’s early French and American settlers. Denise’s presentation today explores the reaction of the French villagers in Vincennes, Indiana as American government officials and lawmakers began the difficult process of establishing American laws, regulations and the taxes that go with them. It was a process that was repeated as the American frontier moved westward with the Louisiana Purchase.
Carl Ekberg received his Ph.D. from Rutgers University and is well known to people attending this seminar. He is one of the foremost scholars working today in the field of Colonial Life in the Midwest. His books include Colonial Ste. Genevieve: An Adventure on the Mississippi Frontier; French Roots in the Illinois Country: The Mississippi Frontier in Colonial Times and the forthcoming Francois Valle and his World: Louisiana before Lewis and Clark.
Martha Saxton teaches American History in the History and Women and Gender Studies Departments at Amherst College. She did her graduate work at Columbia after some years as a journalist. My last book was a biography of Louisa May Alcott. This essay comes from a book called Being Good: Women's Moral Values in Early America to be published in January 2003 by Hill and Wang.
María Luisa Pérez-González lives and works in Seville, Spain, where she is a doctoral candidate assistant at the Department of American History at the University of Sevilla. She has a masters degree in history and has completed her coursework toward a doctorate, both at the University of Sevilla. In 1992 and 1993 she was a graduate student at the University of New Mexico in the Department of Spanish and Portuguese. She has conducted extensive research at the Archivo General de Indias as well as in Albuquerque and Santa Fe, New Mexico.
Juan Romero de Terreros was born in Madrid, Spain. He graduated with a Law degree from the University of Seville and has taken Doctorate Courses at the University of Madrid. He also has a Master's Degree in International Studies from the Diplomatic School of Madrid. As a Spanish diplomat he has served in his nation’s Embassies in Kuwait, Prague, Paris and Washington D.C. and as Consul in Lille, France. Presently he is the Head of the Cultural Office in the Spanish Embassy in Washington D.C. He has written published essays on the San Saba mission to the Apaches and its destruction and others on the consolidation of the frontier of New Spain. He is currently preparing a general study on the missions to the Lipan Apaches in Texas to be published by the University of Salamanca in Spain.
Peter S. Onuf is the Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation Professor in the Corcoran Department of History at the University of Virginia. He specializes in the history of the early American republic. Educated at Johns Hopkins University, where he received his Ph.D. in 1973, Onuf taught at Columbia, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, and Southern Methodist University before going to the University of Virginia in 1990. His recent book on Thomas Jefferson’s political thought, “Jefferson’s Empire: The Language of American Nationhood” (U. of Va. Press, 2000, grew out of his earlier studies on the history of American federalism, foreign policy and political economy. He is currently working with his brother, political theorist Nicholas G. Onuf, on the second volume of their collaboration entitled “Federal Union, Modern World” a history of international law and order during the 18th and 19th centuries. He is the author of eight books and editor of six more; five of these books were about Thomas Jefferson.
W. Raymond Wood was trained at the University of Nebraska and the University of Oregon where he got his Ph.D. He has taught anthropology at the University of Missouri – Columbia since 1963. He has been involved in archeological work in each of the states through which the Missouri River passes. During the past two decades his work has focused on Lewis and Clark and their predecessors in exploration, the early cartography of the Missouri River, and the native Americans that lived along the Missouri, especially the Mandan Indians in present-day North Dakota.
F. Terry Norris is the District Archeologist for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers for the St. Louis District. He is a research associate of the Colonial Studies Program at the Illinois State Museum in Springfield, and on the Board of Directors of the Cahokia Mounds World Heritage Site. For more than 30 years Dr. Norris (Dr. Dirt) has conducted research on a wide variety of prehistoric and colonial period archeological sites in the central Mississippi River Valley. The results of those investigations have been published by several academic presses, including the Smithsonian Institution, the University of Missouri and the University of Illinois. In 1997 Dr. Norris earned a Ph.D. in American Studies from Saint Louis University.
Joseph P. Sanchez is superintendent of the Spanish Colonial Research Center, a partnership between the National Park Service and the University of New Mexico in Albuquerque. Prior to his career with the Park Service, Dr. Sanchez was a professor of Colonial Latin American history at the University of Arizona, Tucson. He has also taught at the University of New Mexico, Santa Ana College in Southern California and at the Universidad Autonoma de Guadalajara in Mexico. During his career, Dr. Sanchez has conducted research in 28 different archives in Spain, Mexico and England, and has published several studies on the Spanish frontiers of California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas and Alaska. Dr. Sanchez is the author or editor of seven books and the founder and editor of the Colonial Latin American Historical Review. In May 2000 he was awarded the Captain Alonso de Leon medal for historical merit by the Historical and Geographical Society of Monterrey, Mexico for his many years of work in Colonial Mexican history.
Rev. William Barnaby Faherty was born in St. Louis 87 years ago. He has a doctorate in history and has written 27 books. Three of these books were novels, the rest histories. One of his novels, “A Wall for San Sebastian” was liberally rethought, re-written and turned into a motion picture in the 1960s called “The Guns of San Sebastian,” starring Anthony Quinn and Charles Bronson. His books have mostly been about St. Louis history, but he has also written on women’s studies and the exploration of space. He is Archivist Emeritus of the Missouri Jesuit Province and Professor Emeritus of history at Saint Louis University. He currently serves as the director of The Museum of the Western Jesuit Missions near Florissant, Missouri. He was honored for the best book of the year by the Missouri Writer’s Guild in 1964, 1988 and 1990. His latest book is “The Call of Pope Octavian: A Novel of the 21st Century.”
A native of the St. Louis area, Brian McCutchen holds a Master of Arts degree in History and Historic Preservation from Southeast Missouri State University. McCutchen began his National Park Service career at the Shiloh National Military Park in Tennessee in 1992. From 1999 to 2001, McCutchen served as park historian for the Arkansas Post National Memorial. The 300-plus year European history of the park service unit, as well as the multiple layers of its settlement, allowed McCutchen to further his studies and experience in the documentation of historic landscapes. In February 2001, McCutchen accepted a position as a historian with the agency’s Midwest Regional Office in Omaha, Nebraska. There, he monitors National Historic Landmark properties, providing guidance and assistance to owners and stewards of properties with national significance. His paper this afternoon is entitled “Documenting a Flowing Landscape: The Cultural Landscape of the Post of Arkansas, 1686 to 1863.”
Elizabeth Gentry Sayad is Co-Chair of the National Committee for the Bicentennial of the Louisiana Purchase. She was the founder and is now Chairman Emeritus of Les Amis, our region’s French Colonial Heritage Preservation Group. Last year she delivered adaptations of this program to the French Senate in Paris, the Historic New Orleans Collection and the Missouri Historical Society. She is currently working on a masters degree in American Studies at Washington University.