"Keystone" Satisfies Fourth Grade Student Learning Objectives and Competencies
Encourage critical, analytical, strategic, and chronological thinking skills through analysis of historic furnishings and artifacts as primary resources.
Students will develop skills and learn environmental cues by analyzing and contextualizing curatorial artifacts and furnishings relating to colonial, state, and national histories in Independence Hall.
8.1.4B Distinguish between fact and opinion from multiple points of view, and primary sources as related to historical events.
8.2.4B Locate historical documents, artifacts, and places critical to Pennsylvania history.
8.2.4D Distinguish between conflict and cooperation among groups and organization that impacted the history and development of Pennsylvania.
8.3.4B Locate historical documents, artifacts, and places critical to United States history.
Analytic thinking: use the data available (artifacts and period artifacts in the Governor’s Council Chamber of Independence Hall) to make informed and independent conclusions about colonial history.
Critical thinking: observe, analyze, and interpret the historic furnishings in Independence Hall to form conclusions regarding historiography.
Strategic thinking: utilize environmental cues, or how to read a room, in everyday life.
- Chronological thinking: reinforce temporal order of Pennsylvania history to help explain historical causality.
- Artifact- a human-made object with cultural or historical interest.
- Lenape- American Indian tribe in Pennsylvania and the Northeastern Woodlands. Also known as the Delaware.
- Proprietor- an owner of a business or holder of property.
- Wampum- shell beads typically used by Northeastern Woodland American Indian tribes for a variety of purposes.
- Abolitionist- a person who favors the ending of a particular institution or practice, typically slavery.