Daily Life and Diversity in 18th Century Philadelphia, Lesson Four: Sharing Information, Learning through the Jigsaw Method
- Grade Level:
- Fifth Grade-Eighth Grade
- African American History and Culture, Community, History, Social Studies, Sociology, Women's History
- One class session
- Group Size:
- Up to 36
- National/State Standards:
- Speaking & Listening SL 5.1, SL 5.2, SL 5.4
- community, 18th Century, Family, Daily life
OverviewStudents will not only develop an understanding of the daily lives of several citizens of 18th century Philadelphia, but will also work together to share information.
Students representing four households in 18th century Philadelphia will meet in cooperative groups to share information. Students will broaden their knowledge and understanding of daily life and diversity in 18th century Philadelphia though the cooperative learning activity called a jigsaw.
This information document is designed to provide the teacher with helpful information in an easy-to-read format. You can quickly read through these descriptions and use them as a guide and resource for the four households, their inhabitants, and the information about each household covered in the website. These teachers resources will provide you with a list of publications containing information pertinent to these lessons.
- 18th Century Research File
- Posted wall charts from Lesson 3
- Investigation Sheet 7
Before the Lesson:
1. The Jigsaw Method: Students will use the jigsaw method of sharing information. Groups of 4 will be formed that consist of one member from each of the four households studied. Student-selected groups may be established quickly by asking students to form groups of 4 using the color-coded cards from Lesson 1. Teacher-selected groups may be established in advance in order to take learning styles and behavior into account.
1. Whole Class Discussion: Teacher will discuss the fact that students have studied four diverse households. A great way to share all of the ideas is through the jigsaw method. If students are not familiar with jigsawing, explain that they will be working in groups of four. Each group will be composed of one household member from each of the houses they have studied. Individual students will share the information from their 18th Century Research Files. By the culmination of the jigsaw activity, all students will have some knowledge of all four households. The four people sharing their knowledge about the households will help all members of the group "put the pieces together" like a jigsaw puzzle.
2. Cooperative Work: Jigsaw groups will meet for approximately 20 minutes to share information. Investigation Sheet 7 may be utilized as a visual comparison tool. Students should take notes throughout the discussion using this Investigation Sheet. On the sheet, there are four spaces for listing facts about the individual households. In the end, students can use the middle block as a place to record facts that are true for all four houses.
1. Individual Work: Allow time for students to add/correct information on Investigation Sheets 1-7. The 18th Century Research Files will be carried to Independence National Historical Park on the class visit, at which time they may share their learning with a park ranger, and can add new historical knowledge to their research files.
2. Whole Group Discussion: Ask students to share the similarities between the households. How are the households different? What accounts for these differences? How are these households from the 18th century similar or different to your household today?
This lesson ties to many places in the park including the President's House Site, Bishop White House and Todd House.
Check out these extension activities.
This document provides additional resources for students.