Daily Life and Diversity in 18th Century Philadelphia, Lesson Five: Investigate 1790's Philadelphia, Learning through Reporting
- Grade Level:
- Fifth Grade-Eighth Grade
- African American History and Culture, Community, History, Social Studies, Sociology, Women's History
- One to two class sessions
- Group Size:
- Up to 36
- National/State Standards:
- Reading Informational Text RI 5.1, RI 5.2, RI 5.7, Speaking & Listening SL 5.1, SL 5.2, SL 5.4
- community, 18th Century, Family, Daily life
OverviewStudents will act as reporters in this lesson, obtaining information about people, places and events in 1790's Philadelphia. Through this activity, students will develop an understanding of the daily lives of several 18th century Philadelphians.
Students will obtain information about the people, businesses, institutions, and events of 1790's Philadelphia through a web-based activity. Students will act as reporters and synthesize information learned into an 18th century newspaper article.
This information document is designed to provide the teacher with helpful information in an easy-to-read format. You can quickly read through these descriptions and use them as a guide and resource for the four households, their inhabitants, and the information about each household covered in the website. These teachers resources will provide you with a list of publications containing information pertinent to these lessons.
- 18th Century Research File
- Investigation Sheets 8 and 9
Before the Lesson:
1. Students will visit the Daily Life and Diversity in 18th Century Philadelphia website one more time to investigate the time period in the section called Investigate 1790s Philadelphia.The website address is www.independenceparkinstitute.com/inp. This lesson requires the use of computers for approximately 30 minutes. It is designed as an individual activity, but partnering would also work well.
2. The students will assume the roles of journalists and will gather information using the investigative questions: Who? What? When? Where? Why? Investigation Sheet 8 will be used for gathering information.
1. Whole Class Discussion: The teacher will conduct a brief discussion about the 5 basic questions that a journalist addresses in news articles, and will then introduce Investigation Sheet 8. Tell students that they will use this tool for gathering information as they visit the Investigate 1790s Philadelphia portion of the web site.
2. Individual Work: As students to go to their individual households on the Daily Life and Diversity in 18th Century Philadelphia website, they will read the information posted under Investigate 1790s Philadelphia and will record the important facts on Investigation Sheet 8.
3. Cooperative Work: Bring the whole class back together and then ask students to jigsaw as they did in Lesson 4. At this time, students will share the information from their reporting sheets with the whole jigsaw group.
1. Individual Work: Once again, allow time for students to add/correct information on Investigation Sheets 1-8.This will be their last chance to make changes/adjustments before visiting Independence National Historical Park (This could also be completed as a homework assignment).
2. Whole Group Discussion: How do these events link the households? Conduct a brief discussion. What questions does the class still have about their households, and about life in 18th century Philadelphia? The teacher may compile a class list of questions for the rangers, or students may jot down questions for individual queries and further research.
This lesson ties to many places in the park including the President's House Site, Bishop White House and Todd House.
Check out these extension activities.
This document provides additional resources for students.