4. Current Research
on the Goodall Focus
On August 23, 1996,
Mark Schurr hosted an informal workshop on
the Goodall focus at the Archaeology Laboratory,
University of Notre Dame. The meeting was held
in the recently remodeled laboratories and
classrooms assigned to the archaeology program
at the University of Notre Dame.
Mark Schurr (University of Notre Dame) reported
on recent Notre Dame fieldschools held at the
Bellinger and Goodall sites in northwest Indiana.
Schurr reported that habitation materials were
found in association with the badly plowed mound
at Bellinger. Although pothunters have disturbed
the Bellinger mound, the central tomb is still
intact. The tomb lacked evidence of logs, but
there were empty trenches flanking the central
tomb. The tomb contained secondary burials (two
adults and one child), but no associated artifacts.
Excavation in an associated habitation area revealed
the presence of a midden with ceramics, expanding
and contracting stemmed projectile points, and
two obsidian flakes. Research at the Goodall
site began in 1996, and Schurr will continue
in 1997 with a University of Notre Dame fieldschool.
William Mangold (Indiana Department of Natural
Resources) reported on his research in the Galien
River basin, which drains into Lake Michigan
at New Buffalo, Michigan. Mangold noted that
only three site with Middle Woodland ceramics
are known, but there is one mound site near the
mouth of the Galien River.
Elizabeth Garland (Western Michigan University)
reported on-going excavations at a site in the
middle Kalamazoo River drainage. Of particular
interest is the apparent horizontal separation
of different Middle Woodland ceramic assemblages.
Four different ceramic components have been identified
thus far, and each is horizontally separated.
The site is located on a slumping bank of the
Kalamazoo River and several features are present.
Janet Brashler (Grand Valley State University)
reported recent research at a site in the central
Grand River basin. The site has been extensively
collected since 1961, and a large and diverse
range of material culture has been recorded.
Testing in 1996 yielded evidence of a dense and
possibly stratified Middle Woodland midden with
good faunal preservation. Brashler reported an
AMS date of 60 B.C. on a Hopewell rimsherd from
the 1996 test excavations. Further research is
planned in 1997.
Mark Lynott (National Park Service) described
recent research with the Missouri University
Research Reactor to develop a reference collection
of geological clays for northwest Indiana to
be used in sourcing prehistoric ceramics from
the region. Lynott proposed that ceramic compositional
studies might help to resolve qustions about
the source of Goodall ceramics and the origins
of the Goodall focus.